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Physical Characteristics

map of scotland

* * * Please note - The content on these pages is no longer maintained here.  Marine Scotland Information, our new website replaces these pages and the latest information can be found there. The pages below will remain online for archive and redirection purposes * * *


Scotland is a marine nation. The country is surrounded by 468,994 square kilometres of seas (within Scotland's fishery limits) which have shaped, and continue to shape, our coastline and our climate. They have also shaped our economy as we have exploited their natural resources for food, transport and energy.

The seas around Scotland are very complex. They range from gently sloping shallow waters on the east coast, through sheltered deep sea lochs on the west, to truly oceanic depths further off the north and west coasts.

These pages provide information and data about the waves, tides and currents as a basis for understanding our seas.