Greenland Halibut Reinhardtius hippoglossoides; Walbaum, 1792. Family: Pleuronectidae.
Photo: Dr B Bett, Southampton Oceanography Centre (SOC)
The Greenland halibut (also know as the black halibut) is distributed throughout the deep of the North Atlantic, to a depth of 2,000 metres. Off Scotland it is found in the Faroe-Shetland Channel at depths of around 600 metres. Greatest catches are found at the boundary between the cold Arctic water and the body of relatively warm water overlying it. The Greenland halibut acts as an acceptable substitute for halibut in northern European markets. However, as a result of its thick skin, high fat content and low meat yields, it suffers greatly from production losses (approximately 33%). In 2001, 1,078 tonnes were landed in Scotland at a value of £1,885,000.