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Fish Species

There is little commercial exploitation of freshwater and migratory fish in Scotland. Today, around 30 per cent of salmon and sea trout is taken by commercial fixed engine and net and coble fisheries. There is no longer any commercial trapping of eels, which are protected by a freshwater fish conservation regulation to prohibit fishing by any method for eels without a licence from Scottish Ministers.

Around half of Scotland's 40 freshwater and migratory fish species are exploited by anglers. In contrast to England and Wales, where fishing for coarse species dominates, the most valuable angling sector is undoubtedly for salmon, Sea trout, Brown trout and Rainbow trout. Pike, perch, common carp and grayling also have their devotees.

Popular species targeted by recreational sea anglers include:

  • Cod
  • Pollack
  • Spurdog
  • Haddock
  • Bass
  • Porbeagle
  • Mackerel
  • Conger
  • Skate
Game Fisheries Coarse Fisheries Still Water Fisheries Sea Angling Fisheries
Scottish Sea Angling Conservation Network (SSACN):
Fish Factoids – Common species facts

Additional Species Information: Eels