Scotland is currently the largest producer of farmed Atlantic salmon in the EU and third largest globally, producing 158,018 tonnes in 2011 with an estimated value of £584.7 million at farm gate prices and accounting for over one-third by value of Scotland's food exports. This represents a year-on-year increase of 5.6 per cent, taking account of inflation. The rise in production of 2.5 per cent in 2011 follows steady increases over recent years.
Regarding other fish, Scotland produces:
- 5,319 tonnes of Rainbow trout
- 53 tonnes of Brown trout
- 139 tonnes of Halibut
- 1.5 tonnes of Arctic charr
Scottish shellfish production has also grown quickly and is worth an estimated £9.8 million with farmed Blue mussel production at 6,996 tonnes annually and worth £8.4 million.
Other headline figures include:
- 251 tonnes (3,136,000 shells) of Pacific oysters
- 28 tonnes (350,000 shells) of native oysters
- 1 tonne (27,000 shells) of Queen scallop
- 9 tonnes (78,000 shells)of King scallop
In addition, much of aquaculture production is focussed on the west and north of the country and supports strong remote and rural communities in those areas, including around 1,500 full-time and part-time jobs (based on the Scottish Farm Production Survey 2011). The role of high quality shellfish waters is also vital to the success of the industry.
Further information on Scottish finfish and shellfish production is also available from Marine Scotland Science.