Aquaculture is an increasingly important industry for Scotland, helping to sustain economic growth in the rural and coastal communities of the north and west. Involving the farming or culturing of fish, molluscs, crustaceans and seaweed, aquaculture produces our most valuable food export. The Scottish aquaculture industry is led by Atlantic salmon farming, but also produces significant quantities of rainbow trout and mussels.
The Scottish Government supports Scotland’s aquaculture industry to achieve its sustainable growth targets, with due regard to the marine environment, by 2020. The targets are to increase:
- Marine finfish production sustainably to 210,000 tonnes
(In 2014, it was 181,045 tonnes (whole wet fish) - 179,022T salmon, 1,909T Marine rainbow trout, 66T Halibut and 48T Brown Trout/Sea trout)
- Farmed shellfish production to 13,000 tonnes (In 2014, it was 7,980 tonnes - 7,683T)