Gates and gateposts will be either timber or of galvanised steel. If timber, gates and gateposts are to be of CCP pressure-treated softwood or untreated hardwood.
(a) Bridle or wicket gates are to be two-way opening, and self-closing. Latches are to be standard bolts or latches, preferably operable from horseback. Wire, twine or rope is not acceptable.
The desirable minimum width of a bridle gate is 1500 mm. An absolute minimum width of 1200 mm is acceptable where the available width is restricted.
(b) If a kissing gate is justified, it must be of the largest possible size and be the least restrictive design. Gates must be self-closing with a user-friendly latch if required. Latches should be unlockable to allow the gate to open out of cage for maximum accessibility.
The desirable minimum width of a kissing gate is 1500 mm. An absolute minimum width of 1200 mm is acceptable where the available width is restricted. The cage width or diameter must be appropriate to the gate's width and use.
The hang or clash posts are to be either galvanised steel - minimum 50 mm x 50 mm box section or 75 mm diameter tube or timber strainer posts with a minimum diameter of 200 mm. Posts are to be firmly dug or driven into the ground and concreted if required. Proprietary gate frames are acceptable and must be installed in accordance with manufacturer's instructions
Where fences are cut to allow gate installation, restrain with timber or steel strainer posts. Struts and stakes are to be as specified for stock fencing.
If drystone walls are to be cut, the new end faces of stonework are to be straight and even and tight to new gate posts. Use timber or steel post and rail fencing to tie new gates into existing fence or wall lines as appropriate.
Surfaces up to and through gates should be firm, level and well drained. New surfacing is not always required but the surface through the gate should be appropriate to the standard of path it is located on. New surfacing, if required, should be of graded granular fill (for example: Type 1, Scalpings, road planings, sand & gravel) laid to a depth of between 100 and 150 mm and blinded with dust to provide a smooth, even surface. Provide suitable falls to ensure surface water drains away.
Information on designs and structures can be found within the Countryside Access Design Guide - Information sheets 2.2 - 2.17 ( http://www.snh.org.uk/publications/on-line/accessguide)