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Definitions and Glossary

Fera: Food and Environment Research Agency - an Executive Agency of Defra. Fera is responsible for all plant health issues in England and also provides plant health inspection and laboratory services for Wales. Defra, through Fera, normally represents the UK in EU and international discussions on plant health issues and the development of new legislation and standards.

Phytosanitary certificate: document required to accompany the movement of certain plants and plant products when imported from or exported to countries outwith the EU, certifying that they are free of specified quarantine pests and RNQPs.

Plant pest: insects, other invertebrates, bacteria, fungi, viruses and other organisms which affect the health of cultivated or wild plants by feeding on them or causing disease. Plant pests generally pose no risk to humans or animals.

Plant Passport: document required to accompany the movement of certain plants and plant products within the EU, certifying that they are free of specified quarantine pests and RNQPs.

Quarantine pest: pests of potential economic or environmental importance to an area, which are not present there or which, if present, are not widespread, and are being officially controlled.

Regulated non-quarantine pest (RNQP): Some pests which are widely established are nevertheless prohibited or only permitted within a certain tolerance on planting material such as certified seed potatoes or fruit plants. These may be referred to as "regulated non-quarantine pests".

SASA (Science and Advice for Scottish Agriculture): A Division of RPID, provides diagnostic services to support the work of inspectors and scientific advice to support the development of plant health legislation and standards.