Dairying occurs throughout Scotland in areas where the land is of sufficient quality to sustain good pasture. The main milk fields are to be found in Dumfries and Galloway, Ayrshire, the Clyde Valley and North East Scotland.
In 2013, 1.036 billion litres were produced, a 10% increase on 2012 production. This accounted for around 13% of agricultural output in Scotland, worth an estimated £411 million.
In December 2014 there were 174,458 dairy cows in Scotland. There are 892 specialist dairy holdings in Scotland, employing over 3,600 people (including hired labour, casual labour and occupier/spouse at June 2013).