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Income and Poverty - Publications

Publications

This page outlines the range of publications associated with Income and Poverty Statistics. These are either publications directly produced by the Income and Poverty Statistics team, or are wider publications which we have contributed to.

Please browse through the overview of each publication below to find more detail:

 

  • Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland
  • Child Poverty in Scotland: a brief overview of the evidence
  • Relative Child Poverty in Scotland and England: 1998/99 to 2008/09
  • Relative poverty across Scottish local authorities
  • Money Advice Statistics: 2008/09
  • Income Imputation in the Scottish Household Survey and the Scottish House Condition Survey
  • Scottish Economic Statistics
  • High Level Summary of Equality Statistics: Key Trends for Scotland
  • High Level Summary of Statistics: Key Trends for Scotland
  • The Futures Project - Trend Analyses Papers

Poverty and income inequality in Scotland: 2013/14

National Statistics Badge

This National Statistics publication presents annual estimates for the proportion and number of children, working age adults and pensioners living in low income households in Scotland. 

Relative poverty in Scotland, before housing costs, decreased in 2013/14.  Rates for children are the lowest since this series started in 1994/95.  This reflects more people moving into employment, and increases in hours worked.  In particular there was a shift from part-time employment to full-time employment for those on the lowest incomes. 

However, after housing costs are accounted for poverty in Scotland has not decreased to the same extent.  This is particularly true for families with children.  This reflects rent values increasing at a faster rate than income, combined with changes to housing benefit eligibility, meaning little improvement in the standard of living.

Median income increased in Scotland in 2013/14 and was higher than UK median income.  However, inflation continued to grow at a faster pace than earnings and the uprating of most benefits.  Therefore increases in income have not necessarily resulted in improvements in people’s standard of living, and combined low income and child material deprivation has continued to increase.

The full publication can be found here:

Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland: 2013/14

A 20 page easy-read version of the statistical report has also be issued in partnership with the Poverty Truth Commission:

Poverty in Scotland

Alongside the numbers is testimony from real people who are living in poverty.  This is to help give the numbers meaning, explore what poverty actually means, and hear the voices of people affected.

poverty

Wealth and Assets in Scotland 2006 to 2012

Wealth and Assets in Scotland

The total wealth of private households in Scotland increased to £714 billion in Scotland in 2010/12

Wealth and Assets in Scotland 2006 to 2012

The distribution of household wealth in Scotland remained highly unequal. The wealthiest 10 per cent of households owned 44 per cent of all wealth in 2010/12. The wealthiest 2 per cent of households alone owned 17 per cent of all personal wealth. In contrast, the least wealthy half of households in Scotland owned 9 per cent of total wealth in 2010/12.

Persistent Poverty in Scotland

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Child Poverty in Scotland: a brief overview of the evidence

An analytical paper presenting a broad overview of evidence about child poverty in Scotland. Published to to accompany the 2010 Child poverty strategy consultation.

Child Poverty in Scotland

Differences in Decline - Relative Child Poverty in Scotland and England: 1998/99 to 2008/09

Between 1998/99 and 2008/09 child poverty declined across the UK but fell more in Scotland than in England. This report summarises the results of an investigation into these differing trends and the extent to which this difference can be attributed to government policy. It was carried out by Eleanor Barham, an ESRC placement student in the Scottish Government, during July and August 2010.

The views expressed in this report are those of the researcher and do not necessarily represent those of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers.

To access the full report, click on the following link:

Differences in Decline - Relative Child Poverty in Scotland and England: 1998/99 to 2008/09 - Full Report

To access the main research findings from this report, click on the following link:

Differences in Decline - Relative Child Poverty in Scotland and England: 1998/99 to 2008/09 - Research Findings

Relative poverty across Scottish local authorities

This publication presents, for the first time, official figures about the distribution of income and relative poverty across Scotland at local authority area level. These data are published as "Data being developed" and are undergoing further quality assurance work. The data are published simply to allow the methodology to be developed and the statistics in the publication should not be treated as official statistics.

Relative poverty across Scottish local authorities

These figures have been produced from the Scottish Household Survey (SHS) by combining SHS data with data from the Family Resources Survey, a UK wide survey of household incomes run by the Department for Work and Pensions. To find out more about the work which produced these figures see the annex in the main report or the following page:

Scottish Household Survey income imputation

Money Advice Statistics: 2008/09

This report presents information about the number of new enquires and new cases to publicly funded, face-to-face money advice services during 2008/09.

Summary

An enquiry is someone simply asking for advice, an enquiry becomes a case when the agency has to take some action - such as negotiation, advocacy or representation - to move the case forward.

  • Enquiries to face-to-face money advice services rose by forty percent between 2007/08 and 2008/09, the period covering the beginning of the current recession. Of the thirty councils which returned information, twenty-five saw an increase in the number of enquiries.
  • There was also a rise in the number of new cases between 2007/08 and 2008/09 but this was smaller than for new enquiries. The number of new cases rose by six percent and the amount of new debt related to these cases rose by three percent.

Publication

This report is available to view at the following link: Money advice statistics: 2008/09

Poverty and income inequality in Scotland: 2008/09

NS logoThis publication presents annual estimates of the proportion and number of children, working age adults and pensioners living in low income households in Scotland and the distribution of household income across Scotland. The estimates are used to monitor progress towards UK and Scottish Government targets to reduce poverty and income inequality. The data published for the first time here are for the financial year April 2008 to March 2009.

Key points

  • There was little change in overall levels of poverty and income inequality in Scotland between 2007/08 and 2008/09. However, there were some changes in the proportions of different age groups that were living in poverty.
  • The percentage of people in relative poverty (before housing costs) remained at 17 percent of the population between 2007/08 and 2008/09.
  • Over this period slight increases were recorded in two of the three indicators used to measure child poverty in Scotland. The third recorded a slight decrease.
  • The proportion of working age adults in relative poverty (before housing costs) increased from 15 to 16 percent, an increase of 30 thousand individuals.
  • There was a fall of 5 percentage points in the proportion of pensioners living in relative poverty (before housing costs), a reduction of 50 thousand individuals.

A printable version of this publication is available to download at the following link:

Poverty and income inequality in Scotland: 2008/09

Excel versions of the tables in this report are available to download at the following link:

Poverty and income inequality in Scotland - tables to download

Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2007/08

Poverty and income inequality front coverThis publication supersedes 'Scottish Households Below Average Income 2006/07' which was published in June 2008. It presents annual estimates of the proportion and number of children, working age adults and pensioners living in low income households in Scotland and the distribution of household income across Scotland. The estimates are used to monitor progress towards UK and Scottish Government targets to reduce poverty and income inequality.

Key points
  • Overall, levels of poverty and income inequality remained fairly stable between 2004/05 and 2007/08. The year-on-year changes highlighted below are all within the margins of sampling error for the survey upon which they are based.
  • Between 2006/07 and 2007/08 the proportion of individuals in relative poverty in Scotland remained at 17 percent of the population.
  • The proportion of children in relative poverty fell from 21 to 20 percent of children in Scotland.
  • The proportion of pensioners in relative poverty increased from 20 to 21 percent of pensioners.
  • The proportion of Working Age Adults in relative poverty increased from 14 to 15 percent of working age adults.
  • Between 2006/07 and 2007/08 the proportion of total income received by those in the bottom three income deciles fell from 14 to 13 percent.

To view a web or pdf version of this publication please click on the following link:

Poverty and income inequality in Scotland 2007/08.

To download an Excel file of the figures used in this publication click on the following link:

Poverty and income inequality - figures to download

Income imputation in the SHS and SHCS

Income imputation feasibility studyIncome imputation in the SHS and SHCS: examining the feasibility of using the FRS to broaden the measure of household income.

During autumn 2008 the Scottish Government commissioned a feasibility study into the possibility of using data from the Family Resources Survey to improve the quality of income estimates produced from the Scottish Household Survey and Scottish House Condition Survey. The work also included examining the way in which income data in the SHS and SHCS were recorded and processed.

The full report is available to download at the following link:

Income imputation in the SHS and SHCS

Scottish Households Below Average Income 2006/07

HBAI ThumbnailThe income and poverty statistics branch publishes the Scottish Household Below Average Income Statistics Publication Notice around March of each year. This year the publication was delayed until June.

The publication includes:

  • Estimates of the proportion of people in Scotland living in relative low-income poverty before housing costs (this is the Scottish Government's National Indicator Number 14)
  • Estimates of the proportions of children living in absolute and relative low income poverty households before housing costs and in combined low income and material deprivation in Scotland (to monitor the UK Government's commitment to eradicate Child Poverty by 2020)
  • Estimates of the proportions and numbers of all individuals, children, working age adults and pensioners in both absolute and relative low income poverty households before and after housing costs
  • Notes, definitions and low income measurement methodological guide

These estimates are derived from the Department for Work and Pensions' (DWP) Households Below Average Income (HBAI) analysis, which is based on the Family Resources Survey (FRS)

To view in either html or pdf format please click on the image or the link below:

Scottish Households Below Average Income 2006/07

Scottish Economic Statistics 2007- Household Sector Chapter and Income Distribution in Scotland Article

SES thumbnailThis annual compendium publication presents a range of official statistics relevant to the Scottish economy.

Income and poverty statistics were contributed to both Article 1 on the Income Distribution in Scotland which explores income inequality, and Chapter 5 which examines the income and expenditure of households in Scotland including:

  • The number of family units and persons in each family type
  • Total income and medians
  • Working age claimants of key benefits by statistical group and Local Authority
  • Recipients of the main benefits in Scotland
  • Families with child or working tax credit awards, or with children and receiving out-of-work benefits
  • Mean weekly household expenditure

In addition it contains articles on innovations in knowledge-intensive services and exports to the rest of the UK.

To view the whole publication in PDF click on the picture, or for HTML click on the link below:

Scottish Economic Statistics 2007

High Level Summary of Equality Statistics: Key Trends for Scotland 2006 - Chapter 12: Social and Welfare (contribution)

HLS Equality stats thumbnail

The High level Summary of Equality Statistics is a compendium of equality statistics which presents statistical trends on the main areas of Government activity in Scotland across a number of equality dimensions including age, disability, ethnicity, gender and in some cases religion.

It provides a standardised, concise format for each topic and provides a route into more detailed statistics on each topic and each equality dimension by listing relevant publications and website.

Income and poverty statistics were contributed to chapter 12: Social and Welfare which details the following:

  • Individual Income by gender and ethnic group
  • Low income by age and family type
  • Low income by age and employment status
  • Low income by age and gender
  • Low income by age and disability
  • Income of the 15% most deprived areas in Scotland

To view in either html or pdf format please click on the image or the link below:

High Level Summary of Equality Statistics 2006

Download income and poverty contribution to the High level Summary of Equality Statistics 2006 in Microsoft Excel format

High Level Summary of Statistics: Key Trends for Scotland 2006 - Chapter 12: Social and Welfare (contribution)

HLSS thumbnailThe High Level Summary of Statistics presents statistical trends on the main areas of Government activity in Scotland.

It provides a similar, concise format for each topic, presenting information graphically where possible and providing a route into more detailed statistics by listing relevant publications and related websites after each trend.

Income and poverty statistics were contributed to chapter 12: Social and Welfare which details the following statistics:

  • Equivalised household income distributions
  • Absolute and relative low income trends, both before and after housing costs
  • Summary information relating to the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation
  • Rural economic activity

To view in either html or pdf format please click on the image or the link below:

High Level Summary of Statistics 2006

The Futures Project - Trend Analyses Papers 2006 (contribution to Shape of Society Paper)

Futures Project thumbnailThe Futures Project Trend Analyses highlights some of the main trends - or influences - that are likely to affect Scotland over the next 20 years or so. It uses both quantitative and qualitative evidence to indicate which factors are likely to be significant in driving change over the medium and long-term.

Income and poverty statistics were contributed to the Shape of Society paper and cover:

  • Low income trends
  • Income inequality (10th and 90th percentile trend comparisons)
  • Income inequality (10th and 90th percentile median income growth comparisons)

To view in pdf format please click on the image or the link below:

The Futures Project - Trend Analyses papers 2006

Search Publications

Please use the following couple of links to search through all Scottish Executive statistics publications as well as for information about future, planned publications:

  • Publications
    An interactive list of all statistics publications produced for the Social and Welfare and Economy theme.
  • Forthcoming publications
    Information on future statistics publications for the coming year across all Statistics themes.