Labour Productivity Statistics
An Official Statistics Publication For Scotland
Date: 15 February 2017
In 2015, Scottish labour productivity, as measured by output per hour worked, increased by 3.5% in real terms (inflation adjusted), following growth of 0.9% in 2014. Output per hour worked is now 9.4% higher in real terms than in 2007, prior to the recession.
Output per hour worked in nominal terms (not adjusted for inflation) was estimated to be 99.9% of the average UK value (excluding extra regio output). The gap between labour productivity levels in Scotland and the UK average has narrowed since the onset on the recession from around 5 or 6 percentage points prior to 2008 to less than 1 percentage point since 2013.
Labour productivity, as measured by output per job, increased by 2.1% in real terms during 2015 and is now 6.2% higher than in 2007. Output per job in nominal terms was 97.8% of the average UK value (excluding extra regio output).
The differences in growth rates between output per hour worked and output per job indicate changes in average working patterns. For example, in 2015 the number of ‘productivity jobs’ in Scotland increased by 0.1% while total ‘productivity hours’ decreased by 1.3%, indicating a decrease in the average number of hours worked per job.
This release contains new experimental estimates of labour productivity for broad industry groups. Further information is contained in an annex to the main publication.
ABOUT THIS RELEASE
This release reports annual labour productivity estimates for the period 1998-2015 covering total output in the onshore Scottish economy. Labour productivity measures the amount of economic output that is produced, on average, by each unit of labour input and is an important indicator of economic performance. Results are calculated in both real terms (inflation adjusted) and current prices (nominal, not adjusted for inflation).
Labour productivity is a derived statistic. This means that it is not directly estimated, but is based on separate estimates for economic output and labour input. Labour input measures in this release are consistent with NUTS1 results for countries and regions published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). Output (GVA) statistics are consistent with Scottish Government GDP and Quarterly National Accounts statistics.
Further information on the Labour Productivity statistics, including the new experimental estimates and their current methodology is available online at: