Labour Productivity Statistics
An Official Statistics Publication For Scotland
Date: 24 June 2015
Correction: 20 January 2016. Incorrect values were discovered in Table A, Output per job (£), and have now been corrected. This did not reflect errors in underlying data, and no other data in the tables or bulletin (including the % of UK) were affected. The Scottish Government apologises for any inconvenience caused.
This second release of productivity statistics for Scotland includes revised estimates back to 1998, consistent with revisions to Scottish and UK national accounts due to the introduction of the European System of Accounts (ESA10).
In 2013, Scottish labour productivity as measured by output per hour was 97.7% of the average UK value (excluding extra regio activity) - a gap of 2.3 percentage points. The gap between labour productivity levels in Scotland and the UK average narrowed sharply during the recent recession from around 6 or 7 percentage points prior to 2008 to 2 or 3 percentage points since 2009.
Scottish output per hour fell by 0.4% in real terms (inflation adjusted) during 2013, following growth of 0.4% in 2012. Output per hour remains at a similar level to that reached in 2010 but is around 4% higher than in 2007 prior to the recession.
Labour productivity as measured by output per job increased by 1.2% in real terms (inflation adjusted) during 2013, following growth of 0.4% in 2012.
The difference in growth between output per hour and output per job indicates a change in working patterns. In 2013 the average number of hours worked per job increased for the first time since 2007.
ABOUT THIS RELEASE
This release reports annual labour productivity estimates for the period 1998-2013 covering total output in the Scottish economy. Labour productivity measures the amount of economic output that is produced, on average, by a unit of labour input (measured in this release in terms of jobs and hours worked) and is an important indicator of economic performance. Results are calculated in both real terms (inflation adjusted) and current prices (nominal, not adjusted for inflation).
Output statistics in this release are consistent with the latest Quarterly National Accounts Scotland published on 13 May 2015. Labour input measures are consistent with the ONS NUTS1 results for countries and regions in Labour Productivity 2014 Q3 published on 24 December 2014.