Labour Productivity Statistics
Quarter 4 2016
An Official Statistics Publication For Scotland
Date: 17 May 2017
In 2016, labour productivity as measured by output per hour worked decreased by 1.5% in real terms (inflation adjusted), following growth of 3.4% in 2015. Output per hour worked is now 7.6% higher in real terms than in 2007, immediately prior to the recession.
Labour productivity measured by output per job increased by 0.2% in real terms during 2016, following growth of 2.0% in 2015, and is now 6.4% higher than in 2007.
The differences in growth rates between output per hour worked and output per job indicate changes in average working patterns. In 2016 the number of ‘productivity jobs’ in Scotland increased by 0.2% while total ‘productivity hours’ increased by 2.0%, indicating an increase in the average number of hours worked per job.
This release contains quarterly estimates of Scottish labour productivity for the first time. These are consistent with the latest Quarterly National Accounts Scotland and labour input statistics for Scotland published by ONS. Quarterly labour productivity results can be volatile, so we recommend using the four quarter-on-four quarter growth rate, which is the same as the annual result for Quarter 4.
This publication also includes experimental annual estimates of labour productivity for broad industry groups in an annex to the main publication. These statistics now include results back to 1998.
ABOUT THIS RELEASE
This release reports quarterly and annual labour productivity estimates for the period between 1998 and 2016 Quarter 4 (October-December) covering total output in the onshore Scottish economy. Labour productivity measures the amount of economic output that is produced, on average, by each unit of labour input and is an important indicator of economic performance. Results are calculated in both real terms (inflation adjusted) and current prices (nominal, not adjusted for inflation).
Labour productivity is a derived statistic. This means that it is not directly estimated, but is based on separate estimates for economic output and labour input. Labour input measures in this release are consistent with NUTS1 results for countries and regions published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). Output (gross value added, GVA) statistics are consistent with Scottish Government quarterly national accounts statistics.
Further information on the Labour Productivity statistics, including the new experimental estimates and their current methodology is available online at: