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Cereal Production In Scotland

Cereal production in Scotland is estimated to have risen by 384,000 from 2.8 million tonnes in 2013 to 3.2 million tonnes in 2014. This represents a recovery from the 2012 crop year, when decreased production was caused by poor growing conditions and a wet and prolonged harvest period. Compared to 2013:

  • spring barley production decreased by threeper cent to 1.7 million tonnes,
  • winter barley production increased by 46 per cent to 411,000 tonnes,
  • wheat production is increased by 52 per cent to 989,000 tonnes,
  • oat production decreased by 18 per cent to 153,000 tonnes, and
  • oilseed rape production increased by 32 per cent to 148,000 tonnes.

In 2013 oats replaced wheat and oilseed rape in some areas, due to poor growing conditions for these crops. The decrease in oat production and increase in wheat and oilseed rape in part reflects a return to previous planting levels.

These final estimates are derived from the Cereal Production Survey (CPS) conducted by the Scottish Government. They replace early estimates produced with industry experts at the annual Crop Report Meeting in October. The results from the CPS have caused a 2% (61,000 tonne) reduction in estimates of overall cereal production.

Compared to the changes on 2013 suggested by early estimates:

  • increases in spring barley and oilseed rape production have been revised down,
  • increases in winter barley and wheat have been revised up, and
  • a greater decrease in oat production is now being estimated.

More detailed analysis and commentary, as well as additional charts and reference tables, are available in the publication.

The full publication can be accessed via the link below.

Final Estimate of the Cereal and Oilseed Rape Harvest 2014

An infographic summary is available via the link below.

Cereal and Oilseed Rape Harvest 2014

At a glance statistics on changes in cereal production since 2012 can be accessed via the link below.

At A Glance: Cereal Harvest

2014 Harvest Estimates : Chart A: Cereal Area, Yield and Production

Chart A

Chart A above shows how area and yields have changed over the last 20 years and the impact this has had on the production of wheat, barley and oats.

  • Click on the play button to move the chart on through calendar years.
  • Hover over the bubbles to see the area, yield and production estimates.
  • You can use the controls on the horizontal and vertical axis (below and left of the chart) to change between area, yield and production.
  • The tabs on the top-right of the chart can be used to switch between bar, line and bubble display.

In the last 10 years fluctuations in areas and yields appear relatively small. The poor weather conditions and wet and prolonged harvest period in 2012 cause a considerable fall in yields. In 2013 yields recover to an extent, but not quite to pre-2012 levels. Final estimates for 2014 show the higehst levels of production over the period.

2014 Harvest Estimates : Chart B: Cereal and Oilseed Rape Production

Chart B

Chart B above is a time series of production over the last 20 years. Hover over the lines to reveal the production figures for each crop in each year.