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equality-and-poverty-analysis@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

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Equality, Poverty & Welfare Analysis Team
Communities Analytical Services
Scottish Government
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Summary: Culture

Summary: Culture

The Scottish Household Survey is the primary source for measuring both the attendance at, and participation rates for, cultural events and activities in Scotland.

The data is used to inform the Scotland Performs National Indicator to 'increase cultural engagement'; engagement is measured as the percentage of adults who have either attended or visited a cultural event or place, or participated in an activity like reading or playing a musical instrument, in the past year. In 2016, around 9 in 10 adults were culturally engaged in Scotland (92%).

Age

Attendance

  • Levels of cultural attendance were generally higher among the younger age groups, although there were differences in the cultural activities attended by younger and older age groups. For those aged 16-44, visits to the cinema and live music were generally higher than for other age groups. Those aged 45+ attended more classical music concerts than younger age groups.  Cinema was the most popular cultural event to attend for all age groups under the age of 60. Overall, the 2016 results show that around 8 out of 10 people of all age groups attended a cultural event or visited a place of culture.

Participation

  • Across all age groups, reading for pleasure was the most popular cultural activity. The proportion of those reading for pleasure increased with age. When reading is excluded, the overall participation rate fell as age group increases. For example, the 2016 results show that around 66% of adults aged 16-24 participated in a cultural activity, excluding reading. This compares to 38% of adults aged 75 and over. 

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Culture and Heritage (Last updated: September 2017)

 

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Age and Culture Page

Age Page

Disability

Attendance

  • People with disabilities or long-term health conditions reported lower levels of attendance at cultural events or places in 2016. SHS figures also show that attendance rates were much lower in adults who said that their health caused major reductions in their daily capacity. 

Participation

  • Figures from SHS show that participation was lower in adults with a physical or mental health condition, particularly among those who said that their health caused major reductions in their daily capacity. When reading was excluded, the 2016 survey shows that participation for those with conditions with major reduced daily capacity was 38 per cent and, for those with no condition, it was 56 per cent. For those with minor reduced daily capacity, the participation rate was 51 per cent.

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Culture and Heritage (Last updated: September 2017)

 

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Disability and Culture Page

Disability Page

Ethnicity
  • In 2016, the percentage of adults who engaged in culture in the previous 12 months (those who attended a cultural event or place or participated in a cultural activity) varied by ethnicity of respondents, although it is not possible to obtain detailed information on many groups. Cultural engagement of the White Other ethnic group was 96%, and 90% for the Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British ethnic groups.

Source: National Indicator: Cultural Engagement (Last updated: September 2017)

Note: Results on ethnicity should be treated with caution due to sample sizes, and no comparable results are available for more recent surveys

 

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Ethnicity and Culture Page 

Ethnicity Page

Gender

Attendance

  • Women tended to report slightly higher levels of attendance to cultural events or places than men in 2016. The most common place to visit for both men and women was the cinema, where more than half had been in the last year. The largest differences were in visits to the theatre, libraries and dance events, where attendance rates for men were much lower.

Participation

  • Participation in cultural activities were also higher in women than men, and the difference between them was higher than for attendance rates. The 2016 results show that 85% of women said they had participated in some cultural activity in the last year, compared with 73% of men.

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Culture and Heritage (Last updated: September 2017)

 

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Gender and Culture Page

Gender Page

Religion
  • In 2013, the percentage of adults who engaged in culture in the previous 12 months (i.e. those who attended a cultural event or place or participated in a cultural activity) was relatively similar between religious categories. Those with no religion had 92% cultural engagement, while Christians had 91% engagement. Those of another religion had 88% cultural engagement.

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2013: People, Culture and Heritage in Scotland (Last updated: January 2015)

Note: Results on ethnicity should be treated with caution due to sample sizes, and no comparable results are available for more recent surveys

 

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Religion and Culture Page

Religion Page

Sexual Orientation

The Scottish Government does not currently collect information on the experiences of gay, lesbian and bisexual people in relation to cultural engagement.

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Sexual Orientation Page

Transgender

The Scottish Government does not currently collect information on the experiences of transgender people in relation to cultural engagement.

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Transgender Page

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Scottish Household Survey 2016 (September 2017) This report presents reliable and up-to-date information on the composition, characteristics and behaviour of Scottish households, both nationally and at a sub-national level. This includes analysis of age, deprivation, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion and sexual orientation

 

National Indicator: Cultural Engagement (September 2017) The indicator measures the percentage of adults who have either participated in at least one cultural activity or who have attended or visited at least one cultural event or place in the last 12 months.The figures for this indicator come from the 2016 Scottish Household Survey which is a National Statistics product. Scottish Government are the owners of the data

People, Culture and Heritage in Scotland (January 2015) A more detailed of the culture data from the 2013 Scottish Household Survey. Covers cultural attendance and participation by age, deprivation, disability, ethnicity, gender, and religion

Cultural Consumption in Scotland (February 2011) Further analysis of the Scottish Household Survey, exploring different 'types' of cultural consumers and the influences on such consumption. Findings are broken down by age, deprivation and gender.

Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland: The Scottish Ministers' Duties: The Arts, Culture and Built Heritage (November 2008) Report on the progress which is being made towards equality of opportunity between disabled people and other people across the Arts, Culture and Built Heritage

Data

Data

Scottish Government Survey Data

Scottish Household Survey - The Scottish Government website provides further information on accessing Scottish Household Survey data

UK Data Archive - Scottish Household Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

Taking Part focus on: social media (DCMS, April 2016) A Department for Culture, Media and Sport report looking at people in England who use social media and their demographic characteristics. Includes data by age, gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation and disability.

The BBC's portrayal of lesbian and gay people (Stonewall, 2006) Stonewall wanted to investigate how gay people and their lives are represented and portrayed on the BBC. Their research monitored 168 hours of primetime television on BBC One and BBC Two

Statistics in more details

Contacts

Culture

statistics.enquiries@gov.scot

0300 244 0 442

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