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Equality, Poverty & Welfare Analysis Team
Communities Analytical Services
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Summary: Culture

Summary: Culture

The Scottish Household Survey is the primary source for measuring both the attendance at, and participation rates for, cultural events and activities in Scotland.

The data is used to inform the Scotland Performs National Indicator to 'increase cultural engagement'; engagement is measured as the percentage of adults who have either attended or visited a cultural event or place, or participated in an activity like reading or playing a musical instrument, in the past year. In 2015, around 9 in 10 adults were culturally engaged in Scotland (92%).

Age

Attendance

  • Levels of cultural attendance were generally higher among the younger age groups, although there were differences in the cultural activities attended by younger and older age groups. For those aged 16-44, visits to the cinema and live music were generally higher than for other age groups. Those aged 45+ attended more classical music concerts than younger age groups.  Cinema was the most popular cultural event to attend for all age groups under the age of 60. Overall, the 2015 results show that around 8 out of 10 people of all age groups attended a cultural event or visited a place of culture.

Participation

  • Across all age groups, reading for pleasure was the most popular cultural activity. The proportion of those reading for pleasure increased with age. When reading is excluded, the overall participation rate fell as age group increases. For example, the 2015 results show that around 61% of adults aged 16-24 participated in a cultural activity, excluding reading. This compares to 36% of adults aged 75 and over.

Source: Scottish Household Survey Annual Report, 2015

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Age and Culture Page

Age Page

Disability

Attendance

  • People with disabilities or long-term health conditions reported lower levels of attendance at cultural events or places in 2015. SHS figures also show that attendance rates were much lower in adults who said that their health caused major reductions in their daily capacity.

Participation

  • Figures from SHS show that participation was lower in adults with a physical or mental health condition, particularly among those who said that their health caused major reductions in their daily capacity. When reading was excluded, the 2015 survey shows that only around 4 out of 10 of those with a major limiting condition said that they had participated in any cultural activity.

Source: Scottish Household Survey, 2015

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Disability and Culture Page

Disability Page

Ethnicity
  • Results on ethnicity should be treated with caution due to sample sizes, and no comparable results are available for the 2015 survey.
  • In 2013, the percentage of adults who engaged in culture in the previous 12 months (those who attended a cultural event or place or participated in a cultural activity) varied little by ethnicity of respondents, although it is not possible to obtain detailed information on many groups. Cultural engagement of the white ethnic group was 91%, and 90% for other minority ethnic groups.

Source:  People, Culture and Heritage in Scotland - Topic Report on results from the 2013 Scottish Household Survey

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Ethnicity and Culture Page 

Ethnicity Page

Gender

Attendance

  • Women tended to report slightly higher levels of attendance to cultural events or places than men in 2015. The most common place to visit for both men and women was the cinema, where more than half had been in the last year. The largest differences were in visits to the theatre, libraries and dance events, where attendance rates for men were much lower.

Participation

  • Participation in cultural activities were also higher in women than men, and the difference between them was higher than for attendance rates. The 2015 results show that 85% of women said they had participated in some cultural activity in the last year, compared with 73% of men.

Source: Scottish Household Survey, 2015

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Gender and Culture Page

Gender Page

Religion
  • Results on ethnicity should be treated with caution due to sample sizes, and no comparable results are available for the 2015 survey.
  • In 2013, the percentage of adults who engaged in culture in the previous 12 months (i.e. those who attended a cultural event or place or participated in a cultural activity) was relatively similar between religious categories. Those with no religion had 92% cultural engagement, while Christians had 91% engagement. Those of another religion had 88% cultural engagement.

Source: People, Culture and Heritage in Scotland - Topic Report on results from the 2013 Scottish Household Survey

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Religion and Culture Page

Religion Page

Sexual Orientation

The Scottish Government does not currently collect information on the experiences of gay, lesbian and bisexual people in relation to cultural engagement.

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Sexual Orientation Page

Transgender

The Scottish Government does not currently collect information on the experiences of transgender people in relation to cultural engagement.

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Transgender Page

Publications and Outputs

Data

Data

The Scottish Government web site provides further information on accessing Scottish Household Survey data.

Scottish Household Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive.

External Links

External Links

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Taking Part focus on: social media  - A Department for Culture, Media and Sport report which looks at people in England who use social media and their demographic characteristics. Includes data by age, gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation and disability.

Department for Culture, Media and Sport

Creative Scotland

Museums Galleries Scotland

Historic Scotland

Statistics in more details

Contacts

Culture

statistics.enquiries@gov.scot

0300 244 0 442

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