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Email
equality-and-poverty-analysis@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

Post
Equality, Poverty & Welfare Analysis Team
Communities Analytical Services
Scottish Government
1F North Victoria Quay
Edinburgh EH6 6QQ

Summary: Rural and Environment

rural communityAge
  • Rural areas have a lower percentage of the population in the 16-34 age group but a higher proportion of people aged 45 and over. For example, in 2016 18% of the population of remote rural areas were 16-34 year olds compared to 30% in large urban areas. Conversely, 56% of the remote rural population were aged 45 and over, compared to 41% in large urban areas.

Percentage age distribution of Population by Geographic Area, 2016

Age distribution for large urban and remote rural areas 2016

Source: National Records of Scotland, 2017 (Population Estimates by Urban Rural Classification (2011 Data Zone based))


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Useful Links

Age and Rural and Environment Page

Age Page 

Disability
  • There is a roughly equal proportion of adults with a long term illness or disability living in rural areas compared to urban areas. In 2016, the proportion of people reporting having a long term health condition or illness was 27% in urban areas and 24% in rural areas. This proportion is despite the fact there is a higher proportion of older people living in rural areas and the prevalence of disability and long term limiting illness increases with age.

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016

Useful Links

Disability and Rural and Environment Page 

Disability Page

Ethnicity
  • The 2011 Census showed that households where the Household Reference Person (HRP) was from a minority ethnic group were more likely to be in urban areas in Scotland. The vast majority of 'African' households were in large urban areas (85 per cent) compared to only 40 per cent of all households.

Chart showing ethnic group by urban rural classification in Scotland 2011

Source: Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census (2014)

Useful Links

Ethnicity and Rural and Environment Page 

Ethnicity Page

Gender
  • For men, the life expectancy in remote rural and accessible rural areas was around 79 years in 2013-14, nearly 3 years more than in the rest of Scotland. For women, the life expectancy in rural areas was around 82 years, nearly 2 years more than in the rest of Scotland.

Source: National Records of Scotland (Using Scottish Government Urban-Rural Classification 2013-2014)

UR_L

Source: Rural Scotland Key Facts 2015

Useful Links

Gender and Rural and Environment Page

Gender Page 

Religion
  • In 2016, 48% of the Scottish population in rural areas reported currently having no religion. 51% of adults in rural areas reported their religion as Christianity: 31% Church of Scotland, 8% Roman Catholic and 12% other Christian.

 Source:  Scottish Household Survey 2016

Useful Links

Religion and Rural and Environment Page

Religion Page

Sexual Orientation
  • Due to the small number of individuals identifying as gay/lesbian/bisexual/other sexual orientation in the Scottish Household Survey, data for 2015 and 2016 have been combined to reach an adequate sample size. Over the 2015 and 2016 period, there was a small difference in the proportion of respondents who identified as gay/lesbian/bisexual/other and the proportion of respondents who identified as heterosexual who visited the outdoors once a week or more (45% and 49% respectively).

 Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016

Useful Links

Sexual Orientation Page

Transgender

Scottish Government do not currently have information on the experiences of transgender people in rural Scotland and in relation to the environment.

 

Useful Links

Transgender Page 

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Access to outdoor recreation by older people in Scotland (2016) - This report details research on access to outdoor recreation for older people.

Poverty and social exclusion in urban and rural areas of Scotland - Poverty and Social Exclusion UK Survey 2012 Working Paper

Rural Scotland Key Facts 2015

Mapping Flood Disadvantage in Scotland 2015 - This research identifies and maps the neighbourhoods in Scotland that are most disadvantaged by flooding. It looks at the likelihood of an area being flooded and the socio-demographic characteristics of people who live there. The research found that whilst there are no simple equality patterns in those at risk of flooding, older people and disabled people were less able to cope during and after flooding events.

Green health project (James Hutton Institute et al, 2014) – This research explored relationships between green space and adult’s physical and mental health in urban areas, using a range of methods and disciplinary approaches. Results are available by age, gender and income/deprivation.

The Experience of Rural Poverty in Scotland: Qualitative Research with Organisations Working with People Experiencing Poverty in Rural Areas (2009)

Factors inluencing rural migration decisions in Scotland (2010) - This study coordinates evidence of the factors influencing rural migration decisions in Scotland, and ascertains the implications for policy. It focuses on age/life-stage related factors.

Housing issues for older people in rural areas (2008) - This think piece offers expert reflections on policy actions inferred from the evidence base on older people's housing and support needs in rural Scotland.

All Our Futures: planning for a Scotland with an ageing population. The evidence base (2007)

Growing up in rural Scotland (2008) - This report uses data from the Growing up in Scotland ( GUS) study to explore what is distinctive about growing up in rural, remote and small-town Scotland in comparison with urban Scotland. Findings are based on the first sweep of GUS, which involved interviews with the main carers of 5,217 children aged 0-1 years old and 2,859 children aged 2-3 years old, carried out between April 2005 and March 2006.

Drivers of youth out-migration from rural Scotland (Centre for Research on Families and Relationships, 2008)

Data

Data

The Scottish Government website provides further information on accessing Scottish Household Survey data.

Annual Population Survey and Scottish Household Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive.

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site.

Scottish Environment Protection Agency

Scottish Natural Heritage

Zero Waste Scotland

Special Study on Rural Poverty (SAC, 2008)

Voices of women in rural Scotland (Scottish Women’s Convention, 2012) - The comprehensive report is organised around the key themes of education, health and wellbeing, housing, local services and transport and travel.

Developing Gender Research in Rural Scotland (UHI Policy Web, 2006)

Statistics in more details