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Post Equality, Poverty & Welfare Analysis Team Communities Analytical Services Scottish Government 1F North Victoria Quay Edinburgh EH6 6QQ
In 2015/16, two thirds (66 per cent) of children living in poverty BHC were in working households.
Source: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE)
Source: Scottish Household Survey
Age and Income and Poverty Page
Source: Income and Poverty – Equality Analysis
Disability and Income and Poverty Page
Ethnicity and Income and Poverty Page
A more helpful way of analysing poverty rates by gender is by comparing single adult household compositions.
The poverty rate before housing costs for single female pensioners has been higher than that for single male pensioners for each of the last ten years.The gap has narrowed in 2015/16 due to an increase in the male pensioner poverty rate and a decrease in the female pensioner poverty rate.
In 2015-16 23% of single women pensioners were in poverty before housing costs, compared with 21% of men. After housing costs, 19% of single women pensioners were in poverty, compared with 14% of men.
Gender and Income and Poverty Page
Source: Overview of Equality Results from the 2011 Census Release 2
Religion and Income and Poverty Page
Reliable research on the incomes of lesbian, gay and bisexual people relative to heterosexual people is limited. More data should be available in future as new questions are included in national surveys. In the meantime, the Scottish Government does not have sufficiently robust evidence to draw conclusions on the association between income, poverty and sexual orientation.
The Scottish Government does not currently have information on the experiences and position of transgender people in relation to income and poverty.
National Performance Framework
Fifty National Indicators enable progress towards the achievement of the National Outcomes and ultimately the delivery of the Purpose to be tracked.
Indicators are chosen to show how the Scottish Government are progressing on the range of Outcomes. Equality breakdowns illustrate how protected groups are progressing towards achievement of the National Outcomes, particularly ‘we have tackled the significant inequalities in Scottish society’.
Where available, equality breakdowns of progress against this National Indicator can be found under the 'What more do we know about the National indicator?' heading. The national indicator with the most relevance to the income and poverty topic is:
Reduce the proportion of individuals living in poverty
Publications and Outputs
Overview of Equality Results from the 2011 Census Release 2 (2014) - this paper presents analysis of Census (Release 2) data and focuses on ethnicity, religion and disability.
The potential impacts of an online delivery of Universal Credit - Welfare Analysis (2012) - this paper includes a section on socio-economic characteristics of those who are less likely to use the internet.
Fuel Poverty in Scotland: Evidence Review (2012)
The Social Fund: A Review of Selected Literature (2011)
Differences in decline - Relative child poverty in Scotland and England 1998-99 to 2008-09 - Research Findings (2011) - This report summarises the results of an investigation into the differing trends in child poverty across the UK between 1998-99 and 2008-09, focusing on the difference between Scotland and England. It explores the extent to which this difference can be attributed to government policy.
Tackling child poverty in Scotland: Analysis of focus group consultation findings (2011) - This report presents findings from focus groups commissioned by the Scottish Government between November 2010 and January 2011 to inform the development of the Child Poverty Strategy for Scotland.
Tackling Poverty Board: A Summary of Evidence (2011)
Evaluation of the Working for Families Fund (2004-2008) (2009)
The Experience of Rural Poverty in Scotland (2009)
Financial Inclusion: A topic report from the Scottish Household Survey (2007)
Scottish Household Survey and Family Resources Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive.
Joseph Rowntree Foundation poverty and ethnicity work programme: http://www.jrf.org.uk/work/workarea/poverty-and-ethnicity
Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site.
Joseph Rowntree Foundation - research by JRF, 'Poverty and ethnicity in Scotland. Review of the literature and datasets' (2011) reviews the links between poverty and ethnicity in Scotland.
The Poverty Site
The Poverty Site, links to further analyses
Poverty and Social Exclusion survey - an Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) funded UK survey of the dimensions of relative poverty. The Scottish Government has funded a rural boost of the Scottish sample to enable better analysis of this rich data source. Analysis of the Scottish results by the Heriot-Watt and Glasgow University partners in the project were published in 2013.
The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers
This paper, produced by Save the Children, gives a statistical snapshot of child poverty in different cities across Scotland, with a specific focus on Income and Education.
Save the Children - Child Povery in Scotland: a local snapshot
Save the Children - Severe Child Poverty in Scotland (2011)
Welsh Government 'An analysis on the impact of the UK Government's welfare reforms in Wales' (2013) - this paper focuses on those with protected equality characteristics.
Income and Poverty
If you have any enquiries relating to Income and Poverty evidence then please contact us at:
0131 244 3004
Equality and Poverty Analysis Team
Communities Analytical Services
Edinburgh EH6 6QQ
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Page updated: Tuesday, August 29, 2017