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equality-and-poverty-analysis@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

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Equality, Poverty & Welfare Analysis Team
Communities Analytical Services
Scottish Government
1F North Victoria Quay
Edinburgh EH6 6QQ

Summary: Labour Market

Summary: Labour Market

Age

In 2016 in Scotland:

  • The employment rate for those aged 16-64 stood at 72.9%.The employment rate was highest for 35-49 year olds (81.9%) and lowest for the 16-24 year old age group (55.7%).

  • For those aged 16 and over, the lowest employment rates were seen by those aged 16-24, 50-64 and 65+ (55.7%, 68.8% and 9.1%); 16-24 year olds are more likely than other age groups to be in full-time education, whereas those in the 50-64 and 65+ age groups are more likely to be retired or long-term sick.

Source: Annual Population Survey

For the latest labour market statistics see the monthly briefing papers

 

More Information

Age and Labour Market Page 

Age Page

Disability

In 2016 in Scotland:

  • The employment rate for those aged 16-64 who were Equality Act disabled was 42.9% compared to 80.1% for those who were not Equality Act disabled and 72.9% for the total population aged 16-64.

  • The employment rate for those who were Equality Act disabled rose by 0.9 percentage points from 41.9% in 2015.

  • 52.5% of people who were Equality Act disabled were economically inactive, an increase of 0.9 percentage points over the year.

Source: Annual Population Survey

Note: Estimates [from April 2013 onwards] are based on the core definition of disability under the Equality Act 2010, as specified in the Government Statistical Service (GSS) Harmonised Standards for questions on disability. It includes people with a health condition or illness lasting 12 months or more that reduces their ability to carry out day-to-day activities. It excludes certain non-core groups covered by the Equality Act, such as those with progressive or past conditions that do not currently limit their activities, and conditions that only limit their activities without medication or treatment. The introduction of this new definition means that estimates are not directly comparable with earlier periods.

 

More Information

Disability and Labour Market Page

Disability Page

Ethnicity

In 2016 in Scotland:

  • The employment rate for people from minority ethnic groups decreased by 1.3 percentage points over the year, from 58.9% to 57.6%.

Source: Annual Population Survey

 

More Information

Ethnicity and Labour Market Page

Ethnicity Page

Gender

In 2016 in Scotland:

  • 87.2% of men in employment are in full time employment compared to 58.3% of women.

  • 18.1% of men in employment work in the public sector1 compared to 35.0% of women.

Source: Annual Population Survey

1. The official source for employment in the public sector at national & regional level is the Quarterly Public Sector Employment series (QPSE) but that Annual Population Survey is used to obtain breakdowns such as gender.

More Information

Gender and Labour Market Page

Gender Page 

Religion

In Scotland in 2016:

  • the highest employment rates were seen for those with no religion (74.2%) followed by Christians (72.8%), Other religion (69.2%), Buddhists (68.5%), Hindus (61.9%) and Muslims (50.5%).The employment rate for Scotland as a whole was 72.9%.

Source: Annual Population Survey 

 

More Information

Religion and Labour Market Page

Religion Page 

Sexual Orientation

In 2013, people who identified as ‘LGB and other’ were twice as likely to be unemployed compared to those who identified as ‘heterosexual’ (8.5% versus 4.3%).  It is important to note that a higher proportion of those identifying as ‘LGB and other’ were in the age groups 16-24 and 25-34, which were also the age groups where unemployment was higher.

Source: Scottish Surveys Core Questions

Transgender

The Scottish Government currently does not have information on the position of transgender people in the labour market.

Publications and Outputs

Data

Data

Labour Market briefs

Annual Population Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive.

External Links

External Links

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Office for National Statistics website

Nomis

Statistics in more details

Contacts

Labour Market

Email
lmstats@gov.scot