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Summary: Gender and Culture

Gender and Culture

The Scottish Household Survey is the primary source for measuring both the attendance at, and participation rates for, cultural events and activities in Scotland.

The data is used to inform the Scotland Performs National Indicator to 'increase cultural engagement'; engagement is measured as the percentage of adults who have either attended or visited a cultural event or place or participated in an activity like reading or playing a musical instrument. In 2016, around 9 in 10 adults were culturally engaged in Scotland (92%).



Women tended to report slightly higher levels of attendance to cultural events or places than men in 2016. The most common place to visit for both men and women was the cinema, where more than half had been in the last year. The largest differences were in visits to the theatre, libraries and dance events, where attendance rates for men were much lower.



Participation in cultural activities were also higher in women than men, and the difference between them was higher than for attendance rates. The 2016 results show that 85% of women said they had participated in some cultural activity in the last year, compared with 73% of men.


Source: Scottish Household Survey, 2016


Useful Links

Gender Page

Culture Page

National Performance Framework

National Performance Framework

Fifty National Indicators enable progress towards the achievement of the National Outcomes and ultimately the delivery of the Purpose to be tracked.

Indicators are chosen to show how the Scottish Government are progressing on the range of Outcomes.

National Indicator number 39: Widen use of the internet, data table

National Indicator number 41: Increase cultural engagement, data table

- progress against these National Indicators, broken down by Gender, can be found under the 'What more do we know about the National indicator?' heading.

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Scottish Household Survey Annual Report - Scotland's People

People, Culture & Heritage in Scotland - Topic Report on results from the 2013 Scottish Household Survey

This report contains data for a number of equality groups on participation in cultural activities and attendance at cultural events.



The Scottish Government website provides further information on accessing Scottish Household Survey data.

Scottish Household Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive.

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site.

Department for Culture, Media and Sport

Creative Scotland

Museums Galleries Scotland

Historic Scotland






Culture Analysis

Communities Analytical Services 

1-F North

Victoria Quay

Edinburgh EH6 6QQ