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Disability

Summary: Disability

Scottish Government have published a guidance note on collecting information on disability.

Disability SSCQ 2014

Business, Enterprise and Tourism
  • Self-employment rates tend to be higher for disabled people. In 2016, the self-employment rate for disabled people was 15% compared to 12% for non-disabled people.

Source: Annual Population Survey (January to December)

More facts on this topic: Disability and Business, Enterprise and Tourism Page

More equality characteristics for Business, Enterprise and Tourism: Business, Enterprise and Tourism Page

Children and Families
  • The Scottish Government does not currently have information on disability in relation to children and families. Information that was previously labelled as 'disability' does not meet the definition of disability outlined in the Equality Act 2010 and is more accurately described as additional support needs. The Scottish Government will implement a new disability question from 2015/16 for children looked after, child protection and secure care accommodation data collections.

Information on Long-term conditions (including limiting long-term conditions) in children are collected in the Scottish Health Survey; the latest published results are for 2008-2011, and can be accessed via the following link: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0040/00402627.pdf

The 2013 Scottish Household Survey report contained ‘Household members with a long-standing limiting illness, health problem or disability by age and gender’ (the age categories presented here included 0 to 9, and 10 to 19 years), which can be found in Figure 9.9 of the Excel document in the following link:

http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2014/08/7973/downloads#res-1

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Children and Families Page

More equality characteristics for Children and Families: Children and Families Page

Crime and Justice
  • Disabled people are no more likely to be victim of crime than non-disabled people (rates of around 15% for each in 2014-15).

  • Disabled people are less likely to feel safe walking alone in their neighbourhood after dark (57% compared to 78% of those with no disability)

  • Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014-15

 

Offence Aggravations
  • Offence aggravation data show that in 2015-16, 68 people were convicted in Scottish courts of an offence with an associated disability aggravation.

Source:  Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2015-16 (Table 13)

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Crime and Justice Page

More equality characteristics for Crime and Justice: Crime and Justice Page

Culture

Attendance

  • People with disabilities or long-term health conditions report lower levels of attendance at cultural events or places; the gap between the groups was greater when cinema trips were included. SHS figures also show that attendance rates were much lower in adults who said that their health caused major reductions in their daily capacity.

Participation

  • Figures from SHS show that participation was lower in adults with a physical or mental health condition, particularly among those who said that their health caused major reductions in their daily capacity. When reading was excluded, only one in three with a major limiting condition said that they had participated in any cultural activity in the last year.

Source: Scottish Household Survey, 2014

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Culture Page

More equality characteristics for Culture: Culture Page

Demographics
  • In 2011, the proportion of people in Scotland with a long-term activity-limiting health problem or disability was 20%, the same as reported in the 2001 Census

Source: Scotland's 2011 Census (Release 2A, Table 8)

 

More facts on this topic: Disability Demographics Page 

More equality characteristics for Demographics: Demographics Page

Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning
  • In 2014-15, 10% of all Higher Education students and 20% of Further Education students in colleges declared a disability.

Source: Learning for All: Measures of Success 2016

 

  • There was a smaller proportion of young people with a disability participating in education (64.4% compared to 71.5%) and employment (12.0% compared to 17.0%).

  • However, young people with a disability were more likely to be participating in training or other development (6.3%) than those without (2.0%).

Source: Annual Participation Measure 2016, Skills Development Scotland

  •  8.6% of Modern Apprenticeship starts declared they were disabled in 2016-17.

Source: Modern Apprenticeship Statistics, 2016-17 Q4

 

More facts on this topics: Disability and Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning page

More equality characteristics for Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning: Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning page

Health, Social Care and Sport
  • In 2014, those with a long-term limiting condition have considerably lower levels of good/very good general health than the rest of the population (27.5% compared with 88.6% in the non-disabled group).

Source: Scottish Surveys Core Questions (SSCQ) 2014

  • As at end March 2016, 0.7% of the staff employed by NHSScotland declared a disability.  (Information on disability, ethnicity, religion and sexual orientation is based on data from a self-reported questionnaire. As this is not mandatory, response rates and completion are variable across NHSScotland.)

Source: ISD: NHSScotland Workforce Statistics

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Health, Social Care and Sport Page

More equality characteristics for Health, Social Care and Sport: Health, Social Care and Sport Page

Housing and Regeneration
  • Social renters are more likely to have a limiting, long-term physical or mental health condition (39  per cent) than any other tenure and the population as a whole (23 per cent).

Source: Scottish Survey Core Questions, 2014.

 

  • Adults with a long-term physical/mental health condition are more likely to have experienced discrimination (11 per cent in 2015) than those without such a condition (6 per cent).

Source: Scottish Household Survey, 2015.

 

More Information

More facts on this topic: Disability and Housing and Regeneration Page

More equality characteristics for Housing and Regeneration: Housing and Regeneration Page

Income and Poverty  

Relative poverty AHC Disability 2016

  • In 2015-16, 19% of people in families containing a disabled adult were in relative poverty before housing costs. For families with no disabled adults the figure was 15%. After housing costs, 23% of people in families containing a disabled adult were in poverty, compared with 18% for those without.

Source: Income and Poverty – Main Analysis

More facts on this topic: Disability and Income and Poverty

More equality characteristics for Income and Poverty: Income and Poverty Page

Labour Market

In 2016, the employment rate for those aged 16-64 who were Equality Act disabled was 42.9% compared to 80.1% for those who were not Equality Act disabled and 72.9% for the total population aged 16-64. 52.5% of people who were Equality Act disabled were economically inactive, an increase of 0.9 percentage points over the year.

Source: Annual Population Survey 

Note: Estimates [from April 2013 onwards] are based on the core definition of disability under the Equality Act 2010, as specified in the Government Statistical Service (GSS) Harmonised Standards for questions on disability. It includes people with a health condition or illness lasting 12 months or more that reduces their ability to carry out day-to-day activities. It excludes certain non-core groups covered by the Equality Act, such as those with progressive or past conditions that do not currently limit their activities, and conditions that only limit their activities without medication or treatment. The introduction of this new definition means that estimates are not directly comparable with earlier periods.

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Labour Market Page

More equality characteristics for Labour Market: Labour Market Page

Local Government
  • In 2015 there was a slight difference between the proportion of disabled (55%) and non-disabled (59%) people who were satisfied with the quality of local schools, local health services and public transport (as a composite measure).

Source: Scottish Household Survey (2015)

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Local Government Page

More equality characteristics for Local Government: Local Government Page

Rural and Environment
  • There is a roughly equal proportion of adults with a long term illness or disability living in rural areas compared to urban areas. In 2015, the proportion of people reporting having a long term health condition or illness was 26% in urban areas and 27% in rural areas. This proportion is despite the fact there is a higher proportion of older people living in rural areas and the prevalence of disability and long term limiting illness increases with age.

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2015

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Rural and Environment Page

More equality characteristics for Rural and Environment: Rural and Environment Page

School Education
  • In 2014/15, the rate of exclusions at 69 per 1,000 pupils for those with additional support needs is more than 4 times higher than for pupils with no additional support needs (16 per 1,000).

Source: Summary Statistics for Schools in Scotland, No 6: 2015 Edition, table 8.2

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and School Education Page

More equality characteristics for School Education: School Education Page

Third Sector
  • In 2015, 16% of people employed in the third sector considered themselves to have a disability, compared with 10% in the private sector and 11% in the public sector.

  • Source: Annual Population Survey (2015)

     

More facts on this topic: Disability and Third Sector Page

More equality characteristics for Third Sector: Third Sector Page

Transport and Travel
  • Adults with a disability or long-term illness were more likely to use a local bus service than those with no disability or long-term illness. In 2015, 50.4% of adults who had a long term illness or disability had used a bus service in the previous month compared to 43.9% of adults who had no long term illness or disability.

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2015

 

More facts on this Topic: Disability and Transport and Travel Page

More equality characteristics for Transport and Travel: Transport and Travel Page

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Scottish Household Survey 2015 (2016) - This report presents reliable and up-to-date information on the composition, characteristics (including disability) and behaviour of Scottish households, both nationally and at a sub-national level.

Scottish Household Survey Local Authority Tables 2015 (2016) - The SHS Annual Report presents reliable and up-to-date information on the composition, characteristics and behaviour of Scottish households at a national level. The SHS 2015 Local Authority Tables provide comparable information at sub-national level (including for disability).

Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2014 (2016) - Official statistics publication on equality groups across a range of measures from harmonised questions across the major SG population surveys. This publication provides statistics centred around protected equality characteristics and sub-national geographies: age and sex, disability, ethnic groups, religion, sexual orientation, country of birth, deprivation and Health Board/Police Scotland Division.

Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census - Part 2 (2015) - Brings together relevant statistics from the census and other sources to paint a highly detailed picture of equality in Scotland. The policy areas covered are Labour Market, Education, Housing and Transport. Chapter 4 presents an analysis of disability in relation to these topics.

Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census (2014)  - Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census, including Ethnicity, Religion, and Disability.

Overview of Equality Results from the 2011 Census Release 2 (2014) - This paper provides further analysis of equality data originally released from the Census by the National Records of Scotland (NRS). It pulls this together into a user friendly format providing new analysis and insight, particularly around deprivation. The main equality strands included in the paper are ethnicity, religion and disability.

Scottish Ministers' Duty Reports: Events with Disabled People (2009) -A written summary report of 3 events that were held with disabled people in May 2009. Purpose of events was to find out disabled people's views on the Scottish Government's proposals for coordination of action across the public sector, as identified in Minister's Duty Reports published in November 2008.

Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland: The Scottish Ministers' Duties: The Arts, Culture and Built Heritage (2008) - Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland: The Scottish Ministers' Duties: The Arts, Culture and Built Heritage.

Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland: the Scottish Ministers' Duties: Health and Wellbeing (2008) - Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland: the Scottish Ministers' Duties: Health and Wellbeing.

Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland: The Scottish Ministers' Duties: Finance and Sustainable Growth (2008) - Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland: The Scottish Ministers' Duties: Finance and Sustainable Growth.

Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland: the Scottish Ministers' Duties: Education and Lifelong Learning (2008) - Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland: the Scottish Ministers' Duties: Education and Lifelong Learning.

Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland: The Scottish Ministers' Duties: Justice (2008) - Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland: The Scottish Ministers' Duties: Justice.

Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland: The Scottish Ministers' Duties: Rural Affairs and the Environment (2008) - Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland: The Scottish Ministers' Duties: Rural Affairs and the Environment.

Reporting on Progress Towards Equality of Opportunity Between Disabled Persons and Other Persons Made by Public Authorities In Scotland: The Scottish Ministers' Duties: Proposals for the Coordination of Action by Scottish Public Authorities (2008) - Reporting on Progress Towards Equality of Opportunity Between Disabled Persons and Other Persons Made by Public Authorities In Scotland: The Scottish Ministers' Duties: Proposals for the Coordination of Action by Scottish Public Authorities.

Communication Support Needs: A Review of the Literature (2007) - This research reviews existing literature on the needs and experiences of people with communication support needs and highlights the implications these have for service provision.

Disability and Employment in Scotland: A Review of the Evidence Base (2005) - The report discusses the evidence base in relation to disabled people's access to and participation within the labour market and identifies gaps in current research in order to inform future research.

Investigation of Access to Public Services in Scotland Using British Sign Language (2005) - Research report exploring the extent of access to public services in British Sign language (BSL) by Deaf people. A DVD reporting on the research is available in British Sign Language.

 

Data

Data

The Scottish Government website provides further information on accessing Scottish Household Survey data.

Annual Population Survey, Scottish Crime and Justice Survey and Scottish Household Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive.

Scottish Health Survey - via UK Data Service.

Scotland's Census Data Explorer - download data, charts and tables from the 2011 Census.

statistics.gov.scot  provides access to the official statistics datasets, which can be broken down by disability status.

http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept-scheme/disability-status

A range of disability status categories can be selected, for example:

Disability or Long-Term Sick

http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/disability-status/disability-or-long-term-sick

No disability/ Not long term sick

http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/disability-status/no-disability-/-not-long-term-sick

External Link:

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on the following link, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site.

The Office for Disability Issues launched Making disability data work for you: a community data toolkit in January 2014. This is a toolkit created for Disabled Peoples User Led Organisations (DPULOs), other small organisations and charities. It aims to provide guidance to help organisations find and use data, for example, to better target services and/or resources to meet the needs of disabled people.

Future Developments

Future Developments

Results from the 2011 Census have been published throughout the year. More detailed data is available on the census website data explorer.

Select below for further information on:

Planned 2011 Census output releases

Census

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. Any research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers.

How does personal well-being vary by sex, disability, ethnicity and religion?  (ONS, 2015) - Reports that different equality groups have different personal well-being ratings, reporting that people who report being disabled have lower personal wellbeing scores than people without a disability.

Alliance Scotland  - Intermediary for health and social care organisations.

Life Opportunities Survey - The Life Opportunities Survey compares how disabled and non-disabled people participate in society across areas including work, education, social participation, transport, and use of public services.

Inclusion Scotland - Work to challenge the social exclusion experienced by disabled people in Scotland.

Independent Living in Scotland Project - A report on the progress to make independent living the reality for disabled people in Scotland.

Equality and Human Rights Commission - Focus on disability equality.

Office for Disability Issues - Disability statisitcs & research.

Scottish Disability Equality Forum -Promote independent living and equality for those affected by disability across Scotland.

Scottish Accessible Information Forum - Represents the interests of people living with information needs across Scotland.

Mobility and Access Committee for Scotland - provides advice on the planning and regulating of transport facilities to ensure that they are accessible for those with a disability.