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Summary: Transgender

It is widely recognised that there is limited evidence on the experiences of transgender people in Scotland. Currently, there is no fully tested recommended question with which to collect information on gender identity in surveys or other data sources. A recent project carried out for the Equality and Human Rights Commission began work into this and the Scottish Government is considering future work in this area.

Scottish Social Attitudes to Discrimination

Information on public attitudes toward transgender people was collected in the 2015 Scottish Social Attitudes Survey.

  • 39% of respondents said they would be unhappy about a family member forming a relationship with someone who cross-dresses in public.
  • 32% said the same of someone who has undergone gender reassignment.
  • The research found that context is important when understanding public attitudes. Whilst 32% of people would be unhappy with a family member forming a relationship with someone who has undergone gender reassignment, 20% felt someone who has undergone gender reassignment would be an unsuitable primary school teacher.

Scottish social attitudes towards a family member being in a relationship with a trans person

Source: Scottish Social Attitudes Survey 2015: Attitudes to Discrimination and Positive Action (Published: September 2016)

 

Crime and Justice
  • Offence aggravation data indicate that in 2015-16, 7 people were convicted in Scottish courts of an offence with an associated transgender aggravation. Six of these were for charges of breach of the peace.

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland 2015/16 (Table 13. Last updated: January 2017)

 

More facts on this topic: Transgender and Crime page

More equality characteristics for this topic: Crime and Justice page

Demographics
  • The Registrar General for Scotland maintains a Gender Recognition Register in which the birth of a transgender person whose acquired gender has been legally recognised is registered showing any new name(s) and the acquired gender. This enables the transgender person to apply to the Registrar General for Scotland for a new birth certificate showing the new name(s) and the acquired gender. In 2015, there were 25 entries in the Gender Recognition Register, an increase of 9 since 2014.  The Gender Recognition Register is not open to public scrutiny.

Source: NRS Registration Division (Last updated: 2016)

 

More facts on this topic: Transgender Demographics page

More equality characteristics for Demographics: Demographics page

Housing and Regeneration
  • 25 per cent of transgender people within the UK have experienced homelessness at some point in their life

External Source: LGBT in Britain: Trans Report (Stonewall. Published: January 2018)

This research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

 

More equality characteristics for Housing and Regeration: Housing and Regeneration

Income and Poverty

Regarding welfare reform, the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) has published an Equality Impact Assessment for the Universal Credit. This explains that the Department for Work and Pensions does not hold information on its administrative systems on gender reassignment, but also that it does not envisage any adverse impacts on these grounds.

External Source: Welfare Reform Bill, Universal Credit: Equality impact assessment (DWP. Published: 2011)

This research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

 

More equality characteristics for Income and Poverty: Income and Poverty

Labour Market

A 2006 survey of the legal profession in Scotland found that:

  • Six percent did not state whether they consider themselves to be Transgender.
  • Less than one percent considered themselves to be Transgender.

External Source: Law Society of Scotland (2006) Survey, reported in Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Evidence Review (Published: 2013)

The research above has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers.

 

More equality characteristics for Labour Market: Labour Market

School Education
  • 71 per cent of trans young people reported having experienced bullying at school
  • 53 per cent of trans young people said that staff at their school weren't familar with what the term 'trans' means

External Source: School Report Scotland (Stonewall Scotland. Published: 2017)

This research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

 

More equality characteristics for School Education: School Education

Publications and Outputs

Scottish Social Attitudes Survey 2015: Attitudes to Discrimination and Positive Action (September 2016) This report explores attitudes to discrimination and positive action in Scotland in relation to: age, disability, gender, race, religion, gender reassignment and sexual orientation.

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Evidence Review (2013) A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to sexual orientation and transgender people

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

LGBT in Britain: Trans Report (Stonewall, January 2018) Report based on research with 871 trans and non-binary people within the UK. It covers hate crime, discrimination, work, higher education, healthcare and housing

Life in Scotland for LGBT Young People (LGBT Youth Scotland, 2018) Analysis from a survey of LGBT young people in Scotland, covering homophobia, biphobia, and transphobia, discrimination, hate crime, transport, education, health and work.

School Report Scotland 2017 (Stonewall Scotland, 2017) A survey of LGBT young people's experiences of secondary education including bullying, how schools responded, teaching, and support.

Stonewall Scotland Workplace Equality Index 2017 (Stonewall Scotland, 2017) An annual report measuring workplace inclusivity of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans employees, including staff survey results

Supporting Trans Employees in the Workplace (ACAS, 2017) Research paper looking at experiences of trans people within the workplace. Contains a review of existing literature, as well as results of a qualitative study of trans employees experiences.

Inequality among lesbian, gay bisexual and transgender groups in the UK: A review of evidence (Government Equalities Office, July 2016) A review of evidence to identify the inequality and disadvantage experienced by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in the UK.

Non-binary people's experiences in the UK (STA, 2016) A Scottish Transgender Alliance survey of 895 non-binary people's experiences of services and employment within the UK.

European Union lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender survey (EU, 2013) A UK-level comparison with other European Countries in areas including employment and crime. Additionally, results are disaggregated by LGBT sub-group.

Trans Mental Health and Emotional Wellbeing Study (Scottish Transgender Alliance, 2012) A Scottish Transgender Alliance survey of trans and non-binary people living in the UK covering, mental and physical health, employment and housing

External Research Organisations

Equality Network - Works for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) equality and human rights in Scotland

Office for National Statistics: Labour Market - ONS publications on UK labour market statistics

Stonewall Scotland - LGBT research and publications.

Equality and Human Rights Commission - The Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC) encourages equality and diversity, and is responsible for enforcing the Equality Act. EHRC produce research and analysis on equality characteristics

Government Equalities Office - The Government Equalities Office (GEO) is part of the UK Government and publishes research and analysis relating to equality legislation in the UK