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Email

equality-and-poverty-analysis@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

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Equality and Poverty Analysis Team

Communities Analytical Services

Scottish Government

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Summary: Sexual Orientation and Health, Social Care and Sport

Summary: Sexual Orientation and Health, Social Care and Sport

  • In 2014, after age standardisation, the proportion of the "LGB & Other" group reporting good or very good general health is significantly lower than the rest of the population (65.6% compared with 74.5%).

  • In 2014, the "LGB & Other" group has a higher smoking rate overall, but when their younger age distribution is accounted for this apparent difference is found not to be significant.

  • In 2014, the "LGB & Other" group has a lower mental wellbeing score on average than the heterosexual group (1.4 points lower).

Source: Scottish Surveys Core Questions (SSCQ) 2014

 

  • People who self-reported as bisexual reported poorer self-assessed health (68% had good or very good health) and lower mental wellbeing (mean WEMWBS score of 47.9) than average.
  • The mental wellbeing of gay men and lesbians (48.8) was not significantly different from the average. 

Source: Scottish Health Survey Topic Report: Equality Groups

 

  • The Scottish Government collects information on the experiences of people in relation to healthcare services through the Scottish inpatient and primary care experience surveys. In the case of sexual orientation, there were some differences in the experience of patients according to reported sexual orientation. In the primary care survey, gay or lesbian and bisexual groups had similar experiences compared to the heterosexual/straight group.
  • Where there are differences, it is not clear how they can be explained, for example whether they can be accounted for by actual differences in the quality of care provided or different cultural expectations and perceptions between population groups or a combination of these factors. More details can be found in these reports.

Sources: Variations in the Experience of Inpatients in Scotland: Analysis of the 2010 Inpatient Survey.

Variations in the Experiences of Primary Care Patients: Analysis of the Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12

 

  • As at end March 2016, 43.7% of staff employed by NHSScotland declared their sexual orientation as Heterosexual and 0.9% as Lesbian, Gay or Bisexual.  Note that 17.2% of staff declined to declare their sexual orientation, and the sexual orientation of 37.8% of staff is not known.  (Information on disability, ethnicity, religion and sexual orientation is based on data from a self-reported questionnaire. As this is not mandatory, response rates and completion are variable across NHSScotland.)

Source: ISD NHSScotland Workforce Statistics

 

Useful Links

Sexual Orientation Page

Health, Social Care and Sport Page

Publications and Outputs

Data

Data

Scottish Health Survey - via UK Data Service

ScotPHO website: Sexual orientation - These pages summarise what is known about numbers of LGB people in Scotland and reviews the key data sources.

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site.

The Scottish Public Health Observatory

Stonewall - Stonewall work to adress the needs of lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals in the wider community.

The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers.

Experiences of healthcare for Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual people - Research by Stonewall demonstrates that the specific needs of lesbian, gay and bisexual people are too often overlooked in the provision of healthcare.

Gay and Bisexual Men's Health Survey - Stonewall surveyed 6,861 gay and bisexual men to explore whether their health needs are being met.

Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual People in later life Survey - This research by Stonewall examines the expectations that both heterosexual and gay people have about getting older and underlines how their experiences differ. It demonstrates that older gay people are not accessing the services they need and are genuinely afraid about who will support them as they age.

The NHS Health Scotland equality team webpages provide an introduction to equality, health inequalities and human rights in relation to health outcomes for each of the nine protected characteristics, signposting to qualitative research about access to services, practice guidance and case studies to help planners and practitioners design and deliver services which meet the needs of individuals and communities. Their Monthly Equalities Alert provides an update on the latest articles and journals covering health in relation to protected characteristics and population groups.

Contacts

Contacts

Health, Social Care & Sport

swstat@scotland.gsi.gov.uk