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Summary: Sexual Orientation and Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning

young people learning Summary: Sexual Orientation and Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning

The Scottish Government does not currently have information on the experiences of gay, lesbian and bisexual people in employability, skills and lifelong learning.

 

Useful Links

Sexual Orientation Page

Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning Page

Qualifications and Occupation
  • In April 2009 to March 2010, at a United Kingdom level, people (aged 16 and over) who identified themselves as gay or lesbian tended to be educated to a higher level than those who identified as either heterosexual or bisexual. 38.4% of gay/lesbian respondents were educated to degree level or higher, compared with 23.8% of bisexual respondents and 21.6% of heterosexual respondents.

These differences in educational attainment are reflected in the findings from the Integrated Household Survey on both employment and socio-economic class.

  • In April 2009 to March 2010, a higher proportion of gay/lesbian people were in the managerial and professional classifications (48.8%) than heterosexual people (29.7%) or bisexual people (26.5%). A higher proportion of bisexual people had never worked or were long-term unemployed than either gay, lesbian or heterosexual respondents.

External Source: Measuring Sexual Identity: An Evaluation Report (Published: 2010, ONS)

This research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

 

Education, Employment and Training

Sexual orientation by economic activity status1, April 2009 to March 2010

 

In employment

(16-64)

(%'s)

Unemployment

(16 and over)

(%'s)

Economically Inactive

(16-64)

(%'s)

Heterosexual/Straight 68.6 8.7 24.7
Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual 70.8 9.8 21.5
Gay/Lesbian 74.5 9.1 18.0
Bisexual 62.6 11.5 29.1
Other 58.8 13.2 32.0
Don't Know/Refusal 63.4 9.9 29.5
Non Response 70.8 11.7 19.7
  • 68.6 per cent of heterosexual/straight respondents aged 16 to 64 were in employment compared with 74.5% of gay/lesbian respondents. Bisexual people were lower with 62.6%.
  • Unemployment rates for lesbian, gay and bisexual people were higher than heterosexual respondents: 9.8% and 8.7% respectively.

  • Almost one-quarter (24.7%) of heterosexual respondents were economically inactive, compared with 29.1% of bisexual respondents and 18.0% of those aged 16 to 64 who identified as gay/lesbian.

External Source: Measuring Sexual Identity: An Evaluation Report (Published: 2010, ONS)

Note: [1] The headline employment and inactivity rates are based on the population aged 16–64 but the headline unemployment rate is based on the economically active population aged 16 and over. The employment and inactivity rates for those aged 16 and over are affected by the inclusion of the retired population in the denominators and are therefore less meaningful than the rates for those aged 16–64. However, for the unemployment rate for those aged 16 and over, no such effect occurs as the denominator for the unemployment rate is the economically active population which only includes people in work or actively seeking and able to work. [2] The total number of eligible responders to this question was 238,206.

This research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

 

Publications

Publications and Outputs

Sexual Orientation in Scotland 2017: A Summary of the Evidence Base (January 2017) This report draws together statistics and research on sexual orientation from a range of sources and presents these in a single bulletin, providing user-friendly infographics and commentary. It examines the differences between heterosexual adults in Scotland and those who self-identify their sexual orientation as lesbian, gay, bisexual or other in major household surveys.

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Evidence Review (2013) A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to sexual orientation and transgender people

External Research

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

Life in Scotland for LGBT Young People (LGBT Youth Scotland, 2018) Analysis from a survey of LGBT young people in Scotland, covering homophobia, biphobia, and transphobia, discrimination, hate crime, transport, education, health and work.

Education Beyond the Straight and Narrow (NUS, 2014) A National Union of Students report looking at the experiences of LGBT students in higher education, based on a survey of 4,000 students.

How Fair is Britain?: Report of EHRC first triennial review (EHRC, 2011) This Equality and Human Rights review aims to provide an authoritative compilation of the available evidence about equalities in England, Scotland and Wales against 40 indicators agreed by the Commission, the government and other key agencies. It brings together the facts about the experiences and outcomes in life of different individuals and groups. It draws on a range of sources including censuses, government surveys, academic work, and secondary analysis carried out especially for this Review.

External Research Organisations

Equality Network - Works for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) equality and human rights in Scotland

Stonewall Scotland - LGBT research and publications.

Contacts

Contacts

Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning

FHEstatistics@Scotland.gsi.gov.uk