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Summary: Religion and Health, Social Care & Sport

Summary: Religion and Health, Social Care & Sport

  • In 2014, after the age distribution of religion groups is taken into account, most of the apparent differences in good/very good general health disappear. Only the lower than average rates for the "Roman Catholic" and "Other" groups are significant, at 72.5% and 70.4% respectively.

  • In 2014, when age standardisation is applied, the apparent differences in the prevalence of long-term limiting health conditions are no longer statistically significant

  • In 2014, after age standardisation, the smoking rate for Church of Scotland, Other Christian and Muslims is considerably lower than the national average rate, and higher among Roman Catholics and those with no religious affiliation. Smoking rates are significantly higher for men compared with women in all religion groups except for those who identified as having 'no religion' and for Roman Catholics, where the rates for men and women are approximately equal

Source: Scottish Survey core Questions (SSCQ) 2014

 

  • Hindus had the highest self-assessed health (92% rated their health as good or very good) whilst those who reported their religious faith as Other were the least likely to rate their health as good or very good (67%). Respondents whose religion was Church of Scotland were slightly, but significantly, more likely to rate their health as good or very good (78%) than the Scottish average (76%) and Roman Catholics were significantly less likely to do so (72%).

 

  • People who belonged to no religious group were most likely to drink excessively (26% drank at hazardous or harmful levels) whilst Muslims (5%), Hindus (6%) and Buddhists (10%) were the least likely religious groups to do so. 

Source: Scottish Health Survey Topic Report: Equality Groups

 

  • The Scottish Government collects information on the experiences of people in relation to healthcare services through the Scottish care experience survey programme.  Both patient and non-patient factors influence people’s experiences. While patient characteristics such as age and gender account for some of the variation in experiences, non-patient factors such as the individual GP practice, GP practice size, type of admission to hospital and individual hospital are also an important influence on experience.
  • Analysis has been undertaken which takes all of these factors into account in relation to differences in experiences for GP, Inpatient and Cancer care.  This analysis can be found at:

 Sources: Variations in the Experience of Inpatients in Scotland: Analysis of the 2016 Inpatient Survey

Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12 Volume 3: Variation in the Experiences of Primary Care Patients

Inpatient Experience Survey Volume 3: Exploring differences in experience

Scottish Cancer Patient Experience Survey 2015/16 - Exploring Differences in Cancer Patient Experiences

 

  • As at end March 2017, 33.8% of staff employed by NHSScotland declared their reigion as Christian. 5.8% of staff declared their religion as belonging to another faith group (Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, Sikh or Other).  19.5% declared they follow no religion, and religion is unknown or was not declared for 40.9% of staff.  (Information on disability, ethnicity, religion and sexual orientation is based on data from a self-reported questionnaire. As this is not mandatory, response rates and completion are variable across NHSScotland.)

Source: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Workforce/

 

Useful Links

Religion Page

Health, Social Care and Sport Page

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Measuring Use of Health Services by Equality Group (NHS Scotland Information Services Division, 2017) This report describes the current availability of equality data in routine national administrative health datasets in Scotland that are used for a number of secondary uses such as planning, performance monitoring, benchmarking and research. It covers age, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion, sexual orientation and transgender

Experiences of Muslims living in Scotland (2011) This is the final report of a study into the experiences of Muslims living in Scotland, with specific focus on experiences of discrimination and religious intolerance.

ISD Equality Evidence Finder (NHS Scotland Information Services Division) Summarises the NHS data available by equality characteristics

Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2016 (April 2018) Official statistics publication on equality groups across a range of measures from harmonised questions across the major SG population surveys. This publication provides statistics centred around protected equality characteristics and sub-national geographies: age, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion, sexual orientation, country of birth, deprivation and Health Board/Police Scotland Division.

Scottish Household Survey 2016 (September 2017) This report presents reliable and up-to-date information on the composition, characteristics and behaviour of Scottish households, both nationally and at a sub-national level. This includes analysis of age, deprivation, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion and sexual orientation

 

Inpatient Experience Survey Volume 3: Exploring differences in experience (April 2017) This report explores differences in the self-reported experiences of different groups of people based on the 2015/16 Scottish Inpatient Experience Survey. It considers age, deprivation, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion and sexual orientation

Active Scotland Outcomes: Indicator Equality Analysis (November 2015) This report presents an analysis of equality data across the indicators from the Active Scotland Outcomes Framework. Many data gaps were highlighted, however, available evidence points to inequality of opportunities and outcomes for all groups with protected characteristics across all the Active Scotland outcomes.

Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12 Volume 3: Variation in the Experiences of Primary Care Patients (March 2013) This report explores variations in the self-reported experiences of different people using GP and out-of–hours health services. The main source of information is the Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12. It considers age, deprivation, disability, ethnicity, gender and religion

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Religion and Belief Evidence Review (2013) A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to religion

Dimensions of Diversity:Population Differences and Health Improvement Opportunities (NHS Health Scotland, 2010) This gives a concise overview, of basic health information about a range of population groups in Scotland, linking users to further sources of information.

Data

Data

Scottish Health Survey - via UK data Service

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Research Organisations

NHS Health Scotland - Provide an introduction to equality, health inequalities and human rights in relation to health outcomes for each of the nine protected characteristics, signposting to qualitative research about access to services, practice guidance and case studies to help planners and practitioners design and deliver services which meet the needs of individuals and communities. Their Monthly Equalities Alert provides an update on the latest articles and journals covering health in relation to protected characteristics and population groups.

 

Scottish Public Health Observatory - Presents information on health inequalities covering children and young people, older people, ethnicity, religion and sexual orientation.

Contacts

Contacts 

Health, Social Care & Sport

swstat@scotland.gsi.gov.uk