Summary: Gender and Labour Market
Employment rates (16-64) by gender for Scotland and UK in 2016, with change over year.
Source: Annual Population Survey, Jan-Dec 2016, ONS.
In 2016 in Scotland:
87.2% of men in employment are in full time employment compared to 58.3% of women.
18.1% of men in employment work in the public sector1 compared to 35.0% of women. Since 2008 there has been a larger reduction in the proportion of women in employment in the public sector than men (2.9 percentage points for women and 0.9 percentage points for men).
Source: Annual Population Survey
1. The official source for employment in the public sector at national & regional level is the Quarterly Public Sector Employment series (QPSE) but that Annual Population Survey is used to obtain breakdowns such as gender.
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Results from Scotland's Census show that in 2011:
- Almost five times more women were part-time employees compared with men (33% of economically active women compared with 7% of economically active men).
- The proportion of men working in the ‘Construction’ (14%), ‘Manufacturing’ (11%) and ‘Transport and Storage’ (7.8%) sectors was much higher than the proportion of women, while there were higher proportions of women than men working in ‘Health and Social Work’ (24.8%) and ‘Education’ (12.4%) sectors.
- Around nine times more men than women worked in ‘Skilled trades occupations’ and seven times more men than women worked as ‘Process, plant and machine operatives’.
- In contrast, around five times more women than men worked in ‘Caring, leisure and other service occupations’ and four times more women worked in ‘Administrative and secretarial occupations’.
Source: Scotland's Census 2011, Release 2B
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