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Summary: Gender and Labour Market

Summary: Gender and Labour Market




Employment rates (16-64) by gender for Scotland and UK in 2016, with change over year.

Employment Rates by Gender

Source: Annual Population Survey, Jan-Dec 2016, ONS.

In 2016 in Scotland:

  • 87.2% of men in employment are in full time employment compared to 58.3% of women.

  • 18.1% of men in employment work in the public sector1 compared to 35.0% of women. Since 2008 there has been a larger reduction in the proportion of women in employment in the public sector than men (2.9 percentage points for women and 0.9 percentage points for men).

Source: Annual Population Survey

1. The official source for employment in the public sector at national & regional level is the Quarterly Public Sector Employment series (QPSE) but that Annual Population Survey is used to obtain breakdowns such as gender.

See the monthly briefing papers for the latest labour market statistics


Results from Scotland's Census show that in 2011:

  • Almost five times more women were part-time employees compared with men (33% of economically active women compared with 7% of economically active men).
  • The proportion of men working in the ‘Construction’ (14%), ‘Manufacturing’ (11%) and ‘Transport and Storage’ (7.8%) sectors was much higher than the proportion of women, while there were higher proportions of women than men working in ‘Health and Social Work’ (24.8%) and ‘Education’ (12.4%) sectors.
  • Around nine times more men than women worked in ‘Skilled trades occupations’ and seven times more men than women worked as ‘Process, plant and machine operatives’.
  • In contrast, around five times more women than men worked in ‘Caring, leisure and other service occupations’ and four times more women worked in ‘Administrative and secretarial occupations’.

Source: Scotland's Census 2011, Release 2B


Useful Links

Gender Page

Labour Market Page

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Regional Employment Patterns in Scotland - Statistics from the Annual Population Survey

The main publication contains data on age and gender while further equalities analysis can be found in the Local Authority Web Tables.

Women's Employment Summit, 2012 - Research and Evidence Paper



Labour Market briefs

Annual Population Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive.

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site.

Office for National Statistics website



Other Reports relating to Women in the Labour Market

Chartered Management Institute - Women in Leadership

Counting Women In - Sex and Power

The Female FTSE Board Report (2013) - a report from Cranfield University on the progress to date of women on boards in business

Women and Part-time Work (2012)

The Fawcett Society - The Changing Labour Market (2013)

Older Women and the Labour Market (2013)



Labour Market