Summary: Gender and Health, Social Care and Sport
As at end June 2017, over three-quarters (77.2%) of NHSScotland workforce (whole-time equivalent) were women (107,302.5 WTE employees out of 138,931.4 WTE).
- In 2016 a clear majority of both Social Care* at home clients (62%) and long stay care home residents (68%) were female.
Source: Social Care Survey / Care Home Census / About the Care Home Census
*Social Care services refer to: Home Care, Telecare / Community Alarm, Housing Support, Direct Payments and Meals services.
- Carers - 41% of people who provide unpaid care to a relative, friend or neighbour are men; 59% are women.
Source: Scotland’s Carers
Sources: Variations in the Experience of Inpatients in Scotland: Analysis of the 2016 Inpatient Survey
Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12 Volume 3: Variation in the Experiences of Primary Care Patients
Inpatient Experience Survey Volume 3: Exploring differences in experience
Scottish Cancer Patient Experience Survey 2015/16 - Exploring Differences in Cancer Patient Experiences
In 2014-2015, the average mental wellbeing (WEMWBS) score for 13 to 15 year old boys (52.0) was significantly higher than for girls of the same age (49.9).
In 2014/2015, the proportion of women with two or more symptoms of anxiety (15%) was higher than for men (9%).
Prevalence of borderline or abnormal total difficulties scores (as measured in the SDQ) were higher for boys than girls in 2014/2015
Women more likely then men to use dental floss or restrict sugar to help improve their dental health, 2013/2015
In 2015, male drinkers consume around twice as much a week on average as female drinkers
- In 2015, smoking prevalence does not differ significantly between men (22%) and women (20%), but a significantly higher mean number of cigarettes are smoked by male smokers (13.9 per day) than female smokers (11.3).
In 2015, current e-cigarette usage was at comparable levels for men (6%) and women (7%).
The proportion of non-smokers aged 16 and over who said they'd been exposed to second-hand smoke in their own or other people's homes was significantly higher in 2015 for women (14%) than men (11%).
Adults consumed a mean of 3.1 portions of fruit and vegetables a day in 2015 (3.3 for women compared with 3.0 for men
More women than men took supplements in 2015; 30% of women and 24% of men took any supplement, and 16% of women and 12% of men took vitamin D.
Men were more likely than women to meet the Moderate or Vigorous Physical Activity guidelines in 2015
More boys than girls met the physical activity guidelines in 2015
Men remained significantly more likely than women to be overweight including obese (67% compared with 62%) in 2015, with women being more likely to have a BMI within the healthy weight range (36% compared with 32% of men). There was no statistically significant difference between the proportion of women (30%) and men (28%) who were obese (including morbidly obese).
Waist circumferences were higher on average in 2014/2015 than in 2003 for both men (98.2 cm in 2014/2015 and 95.3cm in 2003) and women (89.5 cm in 2014/2015, 86.3 cm in 2003).
In 2014/15, around two-thirds of all women (66%) and three in five men (59%) had an increased risk of disease based on their BMI and waist circumference.
In 2015, 15% of boys and 14% of girls were at risk of obesity, figures which were identical to those in 1998.
The proportion of boys of healthy weight has increased every year since 2011
Prevalence levels of Ischaemic heart disease or stroke were significantly higher for men (9%) than women (6%) in 2015.
Prevalence of survey-defined hypertension was higher for men (31%) than women (27%) in 2015.
In 2013/15, prevalence of adults reporting an accident in the last 12 months was similar for men (12%) and women (11%), but more common for boys (17%) than girls (12%).
Source: Scottish Health Survey 2015
More men than women reported taking drugs in the last year
Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014/15: Drug Use, Edinburgh: Scottish Government
Source: Estimating the National and Local Prevalence of Problem Drug Misuse in Scotland in 2012/13
- Males accounted for the majority of drug-related deaths in 2016 (68% of deaths and 69% in 2015). However, comparing the latest 5-year period with the averages for 2002-2006 (to reduce the effect of year-to-year fluctuations), the percentage increase was greater for women (169%) than men (60%).
Source: Drug Related Deaths in Scotland in 2016
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