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Summary: Gender and Health, Social Care and Sport

Summary: Gender and Health, Social Care and Sport

 

  • As at end June 2017, over three-quarters (77.2%) of NHSScotland workforce (whole-time equivalent) were women (107,302.5 WTE employees out of 138,931.4 WTE).

Source: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Workforce/

  • In 2016 a clear majority of both Social Care* at home clients (62%) and long stay care home residents (68%) were female.

Source: Social Care Survey / Care Home Census / About the Care Home Census

*Social Care services refer to: Home Care, Telecare / Community Alarm, Housing Support, Direct Payments and Meals services.

  • Carers - 41% of people who provide unpaid care to a relative, friend or neighbour are men; 59% are women.

Source: Scotland’s Carers

 

  • The Scottish Government collects information on the experiences of people in relation to healthcare services through the Scottish care experience survey programme.  Both patient and non-patient factors influence people’s experiences. While patient characteristics such as age and gender account for some of the variation in experiences, non-patient factors such as the individual GP practice, GP practice size, type of admission to hospital and individual hospital are also an important influence on experience.
  • Analysis has been undertaken which takes all of these factors into account in relation to differences in experiences for GP, Inpatient and Cancer care.  This analysis can be found at:

 Sources: Variations in the Experience of Inpatients in Scotland: Analysis of the 2016 Inpatient Survey

Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12 Volume 3: Variation in the Experiences of Primary Care Patients

Inpatient Experience Survey Volume 3: Exploring differences in experience

Scottish Cancer Patient Experience Survey 2015/16 - Exploring Differences in Cancer Patient Experiences

  • In 2014-2015, the average mental wellbeing (WEMWBS) score for 13 to 15 year old boys (52.0) was significantly higher than for girls of the same age (49.9).

  • In 2014/2015, the proportion of women with two or more symptoms of anxiety (15%) was higher than for men (9%).

Prevalence of borderline or abnormal total difficulties scores (as measured in the SDQ) were higher for boys than girls in 2014/2015

Prevalence of borderline or abnormal total difficulties scores (as measured in the SDQ) were higher for boys than girls in 2014/2015

Women more likely then men to use dental floss or restrict sugar to help improve their dental health, 2013/2015

Women more likely then men to use dental floss or restrict sugar to help improve their dental health, 2013/2015

In 2015, male drinkers consume around twice as much a week on average as female drinkers

Male drinkers consume around twice as much a week on average as female drinkers

  • In 2015, smoking prevalence does not differ significantly between men (22%) and women (20%), but a significantly higher mean number of cigarettes are smoked by male smokers (13.9 per day) than female smokers (11.3).
  • In 2015, current e-cigarette usage was at comparable levels for men (6%) and women (7%).

  • The proportion of non-smokers aged 16 and over who said they'd been exposed to second-hand smoke in their own or other people's homes was significantly higher in 2015 for women (14%) than men (11%).

  • Adults consumed a mean of 3.1 portions of fruit and vegetables a day in 2015 (3.3 for women compared with 3.0 for men

  • More women than men took supplements in 2015; 30% of women and 24% of men took any supplement, and 16% of women and 12% of men took vitamin D.

Men were more likely than women to meet the Moderate or Vigorous Physical Activity guidelines in 2015

Men were more likely than women to meet the Moderate or Vigorous Physical Activity guidelines

More boys than girls met the physical activity guidelines in 2015

Activity by Gender

  • Men remained significantly more likely than women to be overweight including obese (67% compared with 62%) in 2015, with women being more likely to have a BMI within the healthy weight range (36% compared with 32% of men). There was no statistically significant difference between the proportion of women (30%) and men (28%) who were obese (including morbidly obese).

  • Waist circumferences were higher on average in 2014/2015 than in 2003 for both men (98.2 cm in 2014/2015 and 95.3cm in 2003) and women (89.5 cm in 2014/2015, 86.3 cm in 2003).

  • In 2014/15, around two-thirds of all women (66%) and three in five men (59%) had an increased risk of disease based on their BMI and waist circumference.

  • In 2015, 15% of boys and 14% of girls were at risk of obesity, figures which were identical to those in 1998.

The proportion of boys of healthy weight has increased every year since 2011

The proportion of boys of healthy weight has increased every year since 2011

  • Prevalence levels of Ischaemic heart disease or stroke were significantly higher for men (9%) than women (6%) in 2015.

  • Prevalence of survey-defined hypertension was higher for men (31%) than women (27%) in 2015.

  • In 2013/15, prevalence of adults reporting an accident in the last 12 months was similar for men (12%) and women (11%), but more common for boys (17%) than girls (12%).

Accidents

Accidents by gender

Source: Scottish Health Survey 2015

 

  • Self-reported drug use in Scotland is higher for men than for women.  In 2014/15 8.9% of men reported illicit drug use in the last year compared with 3.4% of women.

More men than women reported taking drugs in the last year

Self-reported drug use in Scotland is higher for men than for women.

Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014/15: Drug Use, Edinburgh: Scottish Government

  • In 2012/13, 70% of problem drug users (people engaged in problematic use of opiates and/or benzodiazepines) in Scotland were male and 30% were female. 

SourceEstimating the National and Local Prevalence of Problem Drug Misuse in Scotland in 2012/13

 

  • Males accounted for the majority of drug-related deaths in 2016 (68% of deaths and 69% in 2015).  However, comparing the latest 5-year period with the averages for 2002-2006 (to reduce the effect of year-to-year fluctuations), the percentage increase was greater for women (169%) than men (60%).

SourceDrug Related Deaths in Scotland in 2016

Useful Links

Gender Page

Health, Social Care and Sport Page

National Performance Framework

National Performance Framework

Fifty National Indicators enable progress towards the achievement of the National Outcomes and ultimately the delivery of the Purpose to be tracked.

Indicators are chosen to show how the Scottish Government are progressing on the range of Outcomes.

National Indicator number 18: Increase physical activity, data table

National Indicator number 19: Improve self-assessed general health, data table

National Indicator number 20: Improve mental wellbeing, data table

National Indicator number 24: Reduce emergency admissions to hospital, data table

National Indicator number 25: Improve the quality of healthcare experience, data table

National Indicator number 26: Reduce the percentage of adults who smoke, data table

National Indicator number 27: Reduce alcohol related hospital admissions, data table

National Indicator number 28: Reduce the number of individuals with problem drug use, data table

- progress against these National Indicators, broken down by Gender, can be found under the 'What more do we know about the National indicator?' heading.

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Scottish Health Survey annual reports –annual publications and topic reports (including the Equality Groups topic report).

Scottish Household Survey

Social Care Services, Scotland, 2015

Care Home Census

Home Care

Self Directed Support - Presents the latest figures on the number of people in Scotland who use Direct Payments to purchase and manage for themselves some or all of the social care and support services they need.

Mental Health Officers' Report 2012

Respite Care 2015

Scottish GP Patient Experience Survey

Variations in the Experience of Inpatients in Scotland: Analysis of the 2010 Inpatient Survey

Variations in the Experiences of Primary Care Patients: Analysis of the Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12

NHS Scotland Workforce - Provides data on NHSScotland workforce and covers all the equality characteristics

Taulbut, M., Parkinson, J., Catto, S. and Gordon, D. 2009 Scotland’s Mental Health and its Context: Adults 2009. Glasgow: NHS Health Scotland, 2009,

Gordon DS, Graham L, Robinson M, Taulbut M. Dimensions of Diversity:Population Differences and Health Improvement Opportunities. Glasgow: NHS Health Scotland; 2010.

Catto, S., Tod, E. Scotland's Mental Health: Adults 2012. Glasgow: NHS Health Scotland. Published 2012.

ISD Scotland (October 2014) Estimating the National and Local Prevalence of Problem Drug Misuse in Scotland in 2012/13

ISD Scotland (March 2016) The National Drug-Related Deaths Database (Scotland) Report: Analysis of Deaths Occurring in 2014

ISD Scotland (September 2016) Drug-Related Hospital Statistics Scotland 2015/16

National Records of Scotland (2016), Drug Related Deaths in Scotland in 2015

Scottish Government, (2016), 2014/15 Scottish Crime and Justice Survey: Drug Use, Edinburgh: Scottish Government:

Data

Future Developments

Future Developments

Tod, E., Parkinson, J., McCartney, G. Children and young people 2013. Glasgow: NHS Health Scotland (2013)

Developing datasets section of website to include more interactive spreadsheets that provide additional anaylsis than in our publications - http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Health/Data

Health, Social Care and Housing - Data linking project : http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Health/Datalinking/HealthSocialCareandHousin

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site.

ISD Care Homes Publication

ISD Emergency Admissions Publication

ISD Home Page

Scottish Consortium for Learning Disability - The Same as You? (eSAY Publication)

The Scottish Public Health Observatory

The NHS Health Scotland equality team webpages provide an introduction to equality, health inequalities and human rights in relation to health outcomes for each of the nine protected characteristics, signposting to qualitative research about access to services, practice guidance and case studies to help planners and practitioners design and deliver services which meet the needs of individuals and communities. Their Monthly Equalities Alert provides an update on the latest articles and journals covering health in relation to protected characteristics and population groups.

Contacts

Contacts 

Health, Social Care & Sport

swstat@scotland.gsi.gov.uk