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Summary: Gender and Health, Social Care and Sport

Summary: Gender and Health, Social Care and Sport

 

  • As at end June 2017, over three-quarters (77.2%) of NHSScotland workforce (whole-time equivalent) were women (107,302.5 WTE employees out of 138,931.4 WTE).

Source: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Workforce/

  • In 2016 a clear majority of both Social Care* at home clients (62%) and long stay care home residents (68%) were female.

Source: Social Care Survey / Care Home Census / About the Care Home Census

*Social Care services refer to: Home Care, Telecare / Community Alarm, Housing Support, Direct Payments and Meals services.

  • Carers - 41% of people who provide unpaid care to a relative, friend or neighbour are men; 59% are women.

Source: Scotland’s Carers

 

  • The Scottish Government collects information on the experiences of people in relation to healthcare services through the Scottish care experience survey programme.  Both patient and non-patient factors influence people’s experiences. While patient characteristics such as age and gender account for some of the variation in experiences, non-patient factors such as the individual GP practice, GP practice size, type of admission to hospital and individual hospital are also an important influence on experience.
  • Analysis has been undertaken which takes all of these factors into account in relation to differences in experiences for GP, Inpatient and Cancer care.  This analysis can be found at:

 Sources: Variations in the Experience of Inpatients in Scotland: Analysis of the 2016 Inpatient Survey

Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12 Volume 3: Variation in the Experiences of Primary Care Patients

Inpatient Experience Survey Volume 3: Exploring differences in experience

Scottish Cancer Patient Experience Survey 2015/16 - Exploring Differences in Cancer Patient Experiences

  • In 2014-2015, the average mental wellbeing (WEMWBS) score for 13 to 15 year old boys (52.0) was significantly higher than for girls of the same age (49.9).

  • In 2014/2015, the proportion of women with two or more symptoms of anxiety (15%) was higher than for men (9%).

Prevalence of borderline or abnormal total difficulties scores (as measured in the SDQ) were higher for boys than girls in 2014/2015

Prevalence of borderline or abnormal total difficulties scores (as measured in the SDQ) were higher for boys than girls in 2014/2015

Women more likely then men to use dental floss or restrict sugar to help improve their dental health, 2013/2015

Women more likely then men to use dental floss or restrict sugar to help improve their dental health, 2013/2015

In 2015, male drinkers consume around twice as much a week on average as female drinkers

Male drinkers consume around twice as much a week on average as female drinkers

  • In 2015, smoking prevalence does not differ significantly between men (22%) and women (20%), but a significantly higher mean number of cigarettes are smoked by male smokers (13.9 per day) than female smokers (11.3).
  • In 2015, current e-cigarette usage was at comparable levels for men (6%) and women (7%).

  • The proportion of non-smokers aged 16 and over who said they'd been exposed to second-hand smoke in their own or other people's homes was significantly higher in 2015 for women (14%) than men (11%).

  • Adults consumed a mean of 3.1 portions of fruit and vegetables a day in 2015 (3.3 for women compared with 3.0 for men

  • More women than men took supplements in 2015; 30% of women and 24% of men took any supplement, and 16% of women and 12% of men took vitamin D.

Men were more likely than women to meet the Moderate or Vigorous Physical Activity guidelines in 2015

Men were more likely than women to meet the Moderate or Vigorous Physical Activity guidelines

More boys than girls met the physical activity guidelines in 2015

Activity by Gender

  • Men remained significantly more likely than women to be overweight including obese (67% compared with 62%) in 2015, with women being more likely to have a BMI within the healthy weight range (36% compared with 32% of men). There was no statistically significant difference between the proportion of women (30%) and men (28%) who were obese (including morbidly obese).

  • Waist circumferences were higher on average in 2014/2015 than in 2003 for both men (98.2 cm in 2014/2015 and 95.3cm in 2003) and women (89.5 cm in 2014/2015, 86.3 cm in 2003).

  • In 2014/15, around two-thirds of all women (66%) and three in five men (59%) had an increased risk of disease based on their BMI and waist circumference.

  • In 2015, 15% of boys and 14% of girls were at risk of obesity, figures which were identical to those in 1998.

The proportion of boys of healthy weight has increased every year since 2011

The proportion of boys of healthy weight has increased every year since 2011

  • Prevalence levels of Ischaemic heart disease or stroke were significantly higher for men (9%) than women (6%) in 2015.

  • Prevalence of survey-defined hypertension was higher for men (31%) than women (27%) in 2015.

  • In 2013/15, prevalence of adults reporting an accident in the last 12 months was similar for men (12%) and women (11%), but more common for boys (17%) than girls (12%).

Accidents

Accidents by gender

Source: Scottish Health Survey 2015

 

  • Self-reported drug use in Scotland is higher for men than for women.  In 2014/15 8.9% of men reported illicit drug use in the last year compared with 3.4% of women.

More men than women reported taking drugs in the last year

Self-reported drug use in Scotland is higher for men than for women.

Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014/15: Drug Use, Edinburgh: Scottish Government

  • In 2012/13, 70% of problem drug users (people engaged in problematic use of opiates and/or benzodiazepines) in Scotland were male and 30% were female. 

SourceEstimating the National and Local Prevalence of Problem Drug Misuse in Scotland in 2012/13

 

  • Males accounted for the majority of drug-related deaths in 2016 (68% of deaths and 69% in 2015).  However, comparing the latest 5-year period with the averages for 2002-2006 (to reduce the effect of year-to-year fluctuations), the percentage increase was greater for women (169%) than men (60%).

SourceDrug Related Deaths in Scotland in 2016

Useful Links

Gender Page

Health, Social Care and Sport Page

National Performance Framework

National Performance Framework

Fifty National Indicators enable progress towards the achievement of the National Outcomes and ultimately the delivery of the Purpose to be tracked.

Indicators are chosen to show how the Scottish Government are progressing on the range of Outcomes.

National Indicator number 18: Increase physical activity, data table

National Indicator number 19: Improve self-assessed general health, data table

National Indicator number 20: Improve mental wellbeing, data table

National Indicator number 24: Reduce emergency admissions to hospital, data table

National Indicator number 25: Improve the quality of healthcare experience, data table

National Indicator number 26: Reduce the percentage of adults who smoke, data table

National Indicator number 27: Reduce alcohol related hospital admissions, data table

National Indicator number 28: Reduce the number of individuals with problem drug use, data table

- progress against these National Indicators, broken down by Gender, can be found under the 'What more do we know about the National indicator?' heading.

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Scottish Health Survey 2016 (October 2017) The Scottish Health Survey 2016 report presents statistics on mental health, general health and caring, alcohol consumption, smoking, diet, physical activity, obesity, respiratory conditions, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Contains analysis on age, deprivation and gender

Measuring Use of Health Services by Equality Group (NHS Scotland Information Services Division, 2017) This report describes the current availability of equality data in routine national administrative health datasets in Scotland that are used for a number of secondary uses such as planning, performance monitoring, benchmarking and research. It covers age, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion, sexual orientation and transgender

ISD Equality Evidence Finder (NHS Scotland Information Services Division) Summarises the NHS data available by equality characteristics

Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2016 (April 2018) Official statistics publication on equality groups across a range of measures from harmonised questions across the major SG population surveys. This publication provides statistics centred around protected equality characteristics and sub-national geographies: age, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion, sexual orientation, country of birth, deprivation and Health Board/Police Scotland Division.

Scottish Household Survey 2016 (September 2017) This report presents reliable and up-to-date information on the composition, characteristics and behaviour of Scottish households, both nationally and at a sub-national level. This includes analysis of age, deprivation, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion and sexual orientation

 

Drug Related Deaths in Scotland 2016 (NRS, August 2017) Statistics of drug-related deaths in 2016 and earlier years, broken down by cause of death, selected drugs reported, age and gender.

Inpatient Experience Survey Volume 3: Exploring differences in experience (April 2017) This report explores differences in the self-reported experiences of different groups of people based on the 2015/16 Scottish Inpatient Experience Survey. It considers age, deprivation, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion and sexual orientation

Active Scotland Outcomes: Indicator Equality Analysis (November 2015) This report presents an analysis of equality data across the indicators from the Active Scotland Outcomes Framework. Many data gaps were highlighted, however, available evidence points to inequality of opportunities and outcomes for all groups with protected characteristics across all the Active Scotland outcomes.

Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12 Volume 3: Variation in the Experiences of Primary Care Patients (March 2013) This report explores variations in the self-reported experiences of different people using GP and out-of–hours health services. The main source of information is the Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12. It considers age, deprivation, disability, ethnicity, gender and religion

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Gender Evidence Review (2013) A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to gender

Scotland’s Mental Health and its Context: Adults (NHS Health Scotland, 2012) Report describing the state of mental health and the associated contextual factors that influence it. It identifies inequalities in mental health within the Scottish population, by socio-economic status, age and gender.

Dimensions of Diversity:Population Differences and Health Improvement Opportunities (NHS Health Scotland, 2010) This gives a concise overview, of basic health information about a range of population groups in Scotland, linking users to further sources of information.

Data

Future Developments

Future Developments

Tod, E., Parkinson, J., McCartney, G. Children and young people 2013. Glasgow: NHS Health Scotland (2013)

Developing datasets section of website to include more interactive spreadsheets that provide additional anaylsis than in our publications - http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Health/Data

Health, Social Care and Housing - Data linking project : http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Health/Datalinking/HealthSocialCareandHousin

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Research Organisations

NHS Health Scotland - Provide an introduction to equality, health inequalities and human rights in relation to health outcomes for each of the nine protected characteristics, signposting to qualitative research about access to services, practice guidance and case studies to help planners and practitioners design and deliver services which meet the needs of individuals and communities. Their Monthly Equalities Alert provides an update on the latest articles and journals covering health in relation to protected characteristics and population groups.

 

Scottish Public Health Observatory - Presents information on health inequalities covering children and young people, older people, ethnicity, religion and sexual orientation.

Contacts

Contacts 

Health, Social Care & Sport

swstat@scotland.gsi.gov.uk