Summary: Gender and Business and Enterprise
In 2016, the majority of small to medium-sized enterprise employers were owned by men, or led by a management team with a majority of men. Around 19% of Scottish small to medium-sized enterprise employers were majority-led by women in 2016. Around 42% of small to medium-sized enterprise employers had at least 50% female leadership.
SME Employer Leadership in Scotland by Gender, 2016
Majority-led by women
At least 50 per cent female leadership (majority-led by women & equally led)
Source: Small Business Survey Scotland 2016
Out of the 327,200 self-employed people in Scotland 112,900 were women (35%) while 214,400 were men (65%). Female self-employment has increased over recent years, from 76,000 in 2007 to 112,900 in 2016, representing a rise of 49%. Although male self-employment also experienced a rise over the same time period, it was significantly smaller at 14%.
- In Scotland, the female self-employment rate (self-employed as a proportion of those in employment) was 9% in 2016 – lower than the male self-employment rate at 16%, but an increase of around 3 percentage points since 2007. The male self-employment rate increased by around 2 percentages point over the same period.
- There are more self-employed men than self-employed women in all broad industrial sectors, with the exception of ‘Public Administration, Education and Health’ (in 2016, women made up 67% of the self-employed workforce in the sector) and ‘Other services’ (in 2016, women made up 61% of the self-employed workforce in the sector). Around 48% of all self-employed women work in these two sectors alone – compared to 14% of self-employed men.
In 2016, the female self-employment rate was lower in Scotland (at 9%), than in the UK as a whole (at 11%).The UK figure is particularly influenced by comparatively high rates in London and the south of England.The gap between female and male self-employment rates is narrower in Scotland (9% v 16% - gap of around 7 percentage points) compared to that for the UK as a whole (19% v 11% - gap of around 9 percentage points).
Source: Annual Population Survey (January to December)
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