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equality-and-poverty-analysis@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

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Equality, Poverty & Welfare Analysis Team

Communities Analytical Services

Scottish Government

1F North

Victoria Quay

Edinburgh EH6 6QQ

Summary: Gender

The Scottish Government have published a guidance note on collecting information on gender.

Gender NRS Mid-2015 Population Estimates Scotland

Business, Enterprise and Tourism
  • Out of the 301,500 self-employed people in Scotland in 2014, 101,600 were women (34%) while 199,900 were men (66%).  Female self-employment has increased over recent years, from 76,000 in 2007 to 101,600 in 2014, representing a rise of 34%. Although male self-employment also experienced a rise over the same time period, it was significantly smaller at 6%.

 

APS equalities 2014 - GenderSource: Annual Population Survey (January to December)

 

 

More facts on this topic: Gender and Business, Enterprise and Tourism

More equality characteristics for Business, Enterprise and Tourism: Business, Enterprise and Tourism Page

Children and Families
  • Of the 4,198 children who started to be looked after during 1 August 2014 and 31 July 2015 - 53% were boys and 47% were girls. On the child protection register at 31 July 2015, there were 50% boys and 45% girls with the others unborn. 69% of those in secure care at this date were boys.

Source: Scottish Government, Additional Tables that accompany the Children's Social Work Statistics 2014-15 publication

 

More facts on this topic: Gender and Children and Families Page

More equality characteristics for Children and Families: Children and Families Page

Crime and Justice

 

  • The risk of being a victim of any crime was slightly higher for men than for women. 15.6% of men had been the victim of at least one crime compared with 13.6% of women.
  • Men had a higher risk of being a victim of violent crime compared with women (3.5% and 1.8% respectively).

  • Young men (aged 16-24) had the highest risk of being a victim of any crime (23.6%). Young men also had the highest risk of violent crime (8.7%), and were over twice as likely to be a victim of violent crime than women of the same age (3.2%).

  • Women were less likely than men to feel safe walking alone in their neighbourhood after dark (64% compared to 86% of men)

  • Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014-15

 

  • Men accounted for 83 per cent of all people convicted in 2014-15 but represented a higher proportion of all custodial sentences (91 per cent). By contrast women accounted for 17 per cent of people convicted compared to a lower proportion for custodial sentences (9 per cent of custodial sentences).
  • Women were more likely to be issued with an “Other sentence” with 26 per cent of these types of punishments been given to women compared to the 17 per cent of all convictions that women represent. “Other sentences” are mostly admonishments i.e. a verbal warning from the sheriff.

  • Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2014-15

 

More facts on this topic: Gender and Crime and Justice Page

More equality characteristics for Crime and Justice: Crime and Justice Page

Culture

Attendance

  • Women tended to report slightly higher levels of attendance to cultural events or places than men. The most common place to visit for both men and women was the cinema, where more than half had been in the last year. The largest differences between men and women were in visits to the theatre and libraries, where attendance rates for men were much lower.

Participation

  • Participation in cultural activities were also higher in women than men, but there was a larger difference between them than with attendance rates. 84% of women said they had participated in some cultural activity in the last year, compared with less than 75% of men.

Source: Scottish Household Survey, 2014

 

More facts on this topic: Gender and Culture Page

More equality characteristics for Culture: Culture Page

Demographics

 

Population Pyramid Mid 2015

 

More facts on this topic: Gender Demographics Page

More equality characteristics for Demographics: Demographics Page

Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning
  • Over half of students in Higher Education in 2014-15 were women (56%) while students in Further Education were more evenly split (51% women, 49% men).

  Source: Higher Education Students and Qualifiers at Scottish Institutions 2014-15, Learning for All 2016

 

  • In 2015/16, there were more men starting Modern Apprenticeships than women (59% of new starts were men). 74% of Modern Apprenticeship frameworks had a gender balance of 75:25 or worse.

Source: Modern Apprenticeship Statistics Full Year Report 2015-16

 

More facts on this topic: Gender and Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning Page

More equality characteristics for Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning: Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning Page

Health, Social Care and Sport
  • As at end June 2016, over three-quarters (77.1%) of the NHSScotland workforce (whole-time equivalent) were women (106,533.9 WTE employees out of 138,125.4 WTE).

Source: ISD: NHSScotland Workforce Statistics

 

In 2012-2015 the average mental wellbeing (WEMWBS) score for 13 to 15 year old boys (52.0) was significantly higher than for girls of the same age (49.9).

Source: Scottish Health Survey 2015

 

  • In 2015, male drinkers consumed around twice as much a week on average as female drinkers

Male drinkers consume around twice as much a week on average as female drinkers

Source: Scottish Health Survey 2015

 

  • Men were more likely than women to meet the Moderate or Vigorous Physical Activity guidelines in 2015

Men were more likely than women to meet the Moderate or Vigorous Physical Activity guidelines

Source: Scottish Health Survey 2015

 

  • In 2015, 15% of boys and 14% of girls were at risk of obesity, figures which were identical to those in 1998.
  • The proportion of boys of healthy weight has increased every year since 2011

The proportion of boys of healthy weight has increased every year since 2011

 

  • Self-reported drug use in Scotland is higher for men than for women.  In 2014/15 8.9% of men reported illicit drug use in the last year compared with 3.4% of women.
  • Self-reported drug use in Scotland is higher for men than for women.  

Self-reported drug use in Scotland is higher for men than for women.

Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014/15: Drug Use, Edinburgh: Scottish Government:

 

More facts on this topic: Gender and Health, Social Care and Sport Page

More equality characteristics for Health, Social Care and Sport: Health, Social Care and Sport Page

Housing and Regeneration
  • Women are slightly more likely to rate their neighbourhood as a ‘very good’ place to live than men: 58 per cent  compared to 55 per cent.

Source: Scottish Household Survey, 2015.

 

  • Women are more likely to be long stay residents in care homes than men. In 2015 69% were women whilst 31% men.

Source: Care Home Census , 2015.

 

  • Males were the main applicant in 54% of cases assessed as homeless or potentially homeless in 2015/16. Females were the main applicant in 46% of cases.

Source:  HL1 Dataset as at 25 May 2016

 

More facts on this topic: Gender and Housing and Regeneration Page 

More equality characteristics for Housing and Regeneration: Housing and Regeneration Page

Income and Poverty
  • After housing costs 18% of women and 16% of men were living in poverty in 2014/15.  Prior to this the rates of poverty for men and women had often been similar in the last ten years.

  • The rates of poverty are higher for single working age adults than the population as a whole, though there is little difference between men and women on average. In 2014-15, 26% of single working age women without children were in poverty after housing costs, compared with  25% of single working age men.

Source: Income and Poverty – Equality Analysis

 

More facts on this topic: Gender and Income and Poverty Page

More equality characteristics for Income and Poverty: Income and Poverty Page

Labour Market

In 2015 in Scotland:

  • 86.8% of men in employment were in full time employment compared to 58.1% of women.

  • 18.5% of men in employment worked in the public sector compared to 35.3% of women.

Source: Annual Population Survey 

 

More facts on this topic: Gender and Labour Market page

More equality characteristics for Labour Market: Labour Market Page

Local Government
  • There is a slight difference between men and women's satisfaction with public services overall. In 2015, 59% of men compared to 56% of women said they were satisfied with local schools, local health services and public transport (as a composite measure).

Source: Scottish Household Survey (2015)

 

More facts on this topic: Gender and Local Government Page

More equality characteristics for Local Government: Local Government Page

 Rural and Environment

 

UR_L

Source: Rural Scotland Key Facts 2015

 

More facts on this topic: Gender and Rural and Environment Page

More equality characteristics for Rural and Environment: Rural and Environment Page

School Education
  • In 2014/15, female school leavers had the highest levels of attainment with 65.9 per cent achieving one or more qualifications at SCQF level 6 or better, compared to 54.7 per cent for male school leavers.

Source: Summary Statistics for Attainment, Leaver Destinations and Healthy Living, No 6: 2016 Edition, table 6 

  • In 2014/15, 92.8% of female school leavers were in a positive follow-up destination compared to 91.3% of male school leavers.

Source: Summary Statistics for Attainment, Leaver Destinations and Healthy Living, No 6: 2016 Edition, table 3  

 

More facts on this topic: Gender and School Education Page

More equality characteristics for School Education: School Education Page

Third Sector
  • In 2015, 67% of the people employed in the third sector were women, compared with 64% in the public sector and 42% in the private sector.

Source: Annual Population Survey (2015)

 

More facts on this topic: Gender and Third Sector Page

More equality characteristics for Third Sector: Third Sector Page

Scottish Council for Voluntary Organisations - Third Sector Evidence Library.

Transport and Travel
  • Men were more likely own a driver's licence than women. 73% of men owned a driving licence compared to 63% of women in 2015.

Source: Transport and Travel in Scotland 2015 (Table 1)

 

More facts on this topic: Gender and Transport and Travel Page

More equality characteristics for Transport and Travel: Transport and Travel Page

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Scottish Household Survey 2015 (2016) - This report presents reliable and up-to-date information on the composition, characteristics (including gender) and behaviour of Scottish households, both nationally and at a sub-national level.

Scottish Household Survey Local Authority Tables 2015 (2016) - The SHS Annual Report presents reliable and up-to-date information on the composition, characteristics and behaviour of Scottish households at a national level. The SHS 2015 Local Authority Tables provide comparable information at sub-national level (including for gender).

Characteristics of migrants in Scotland: Analysis of the 2011 Census (Revised October 2016) Compares characteristics (including gender) of migrants from European Economic Area (EEA) and non-EEA countries with the Scotland-born population and migrants from the rest of the UK.

Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2014 (2016) - Official statistics publication on equality groups across a range of measures from harmonised questions across the major SG population surveys. This publication provides statistics centred around protected equality characteristics and sub-national geographies: age and sex, disability, ethnic groups, religion, sexual orientation, country of birth, deprivation and Health Board/Police Scotland Division.

Equality Statement: Scottish Draft Budget 2016-17  - The Equality Budget Statement (EBS) ensures that we understand, as far as possible, the impacts of the spending decisions that we make. This document contains a section on gender in Chapter 15.

Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census - Part 2 (2015) - Brings together relevant statistics from the census and other sources to paint a highly detailed picture of equality in Scotland. The policy areas covered are Labour Market, Education, Housing and Transport.  Gender is considered as part of the analysis.

Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census (2014) - Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census, including Ethnicity, Religion, and Disability. Gender is considered as part of the analysis.

Forced Marriage Statutory Guidance Analysis Of Consultation Findings (2012) - A consulation was carried out by the Scottish Government from March to July 2011 on draft Forced Marriage Statutory Guidance, to inform the final document.

The Position of Scotland’s Equality Groups. Revisiting Resilience in 2011 - This study seeks to offer discussion and analysis to inform an understanding of how well positioned people in Scotland with equalities characteristics are to access the benefits of economic recovery.

Reporting on Progress Towards Equality of Opportunity for Women and Men Made by Public Authorities in Scotland: Ministerial Priorities for Gender Equality: Tackling Violence Against Women (2010) - Reporting on Progress Towards Equality of Opportunity for Women and Men Made by Public Authorities in Scotland: Ministerial Priorities for Gender Equality: Tackling Violence Against Women.

Reporting on Progress Towards Equality of Opportunity for Women and Men made by Public Authorities in Scotland: Ministerial Priorities for Gender Equality: Tackling Violence Against Women: A Review of Key Evidence and National Policies (2010) - This work was undertaken as part of the Scottish Ministers Gender Duty to report on progress made by Scottish public authorities in tackling violence against women. 

Reporting on Progress Towards Equality of Opportunity for Women and Men made by Public Authorities in Scotland: Ministerial Priorities for Gender Equality: Tackling Occupational Segregation (2010) - This research was carried out to identify progress made by Scottish public authorities in tackling occupational segregation to enable Scottish Ministers to report against the requirements of the Gender Equality Duty.

Reporting on Progress Towards Equality of Opportunity for Women and Men made by Public Authorities in Scotland: Ministerial Priorities for Gender Equality: Tackling Occupational Segregation: A Review of Key Evidence and National Policies (2010) - This review complements research carried out to identify progress made by Scottish public authorities in tackling occupational segregaton to enable Scottish Ministers to report against the requirements of the Gender Equality Duty.

A Gender Audit of Statistics: Comparing the Position of Women and Men in Scotland (2007) - This research provides a review of statistics on gender differences and inequalities in Scotland across a range of key areas of social and economic life.

Violence Against Women: A literature review (2005) - literature review on violence against women.

Data

Data

The Scottish Government website provides further information on accessing Scottish Household Survey data.

Annual Population Survey, Scottish Crime and Justice Survey and Scottish Household Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive.

Scottish Health Survey - via UK Data Service.

Scotland's Census Data Explorer - download data, charts and tables from the 2011 Census.

statistics.gov.scot  provides access to the official statistics datasets, which can be broken down by gender.

http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept-scheme/gender

A range of gender categories can be selected, for example:

Female

http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/gender/female

Male

http://statistics.gov.scot/def/concept/gender/male

Future Developments

Future Developments

Results from the 2011 Census have been published throughout the year. More detailed data is available on the census website data explorer.

Select below for further information on:

Planned 2011 Census output releases

Census

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. Any research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers.

Public sector equality duty: Guidance for reporting on gender and employment, equal pay, and occupational segregation (2016) - Close the Gap guidance providing information to help Scottish public authorities meet the public sector equality duty as it relates to gender and employment.

Pregnancy and maternity-related discrimination and disadvantage: final reports (BIS and EHRC, 2016) - Results of research on pregnancy and maternity-related discrimination and disadvantage in the workplace.

How does personal well-being vary by sex, disability, ethnicity and religion?  (ONS, 2015) - Reports that different equality groups have different personal well-being ratings, reporting that women are more likely than men to find the things that they do in their lives are worthwhile, but are also more likely to report higher anxiety.

Engender - Work to increase women's power and influence, to make equality a reality in Scotland.

Scottish Women's Convention - Works to ensure women in Scotland can influence the policies which affect them.

Close the Gap - Work to close the gender pay gap.

Glasgow Women's Library - Information hub relating to women's lives, histories and achievements.

Equality and Human Rights Commission - Focus on gender equality.

Government Equalities Office - The Government Equalities Office (GEO) is part of the UK Government and has responsibility for equality legislation in GB.