Summary: Ethnic Group Demographics
Detailed population estimates by ethnic group are available through Scotland's 2011 Census.
- The size of the minority ethnic population in 2011 was just over 200,000 or 4% of the total population of Scotland (based on the 2011 ethnicity classification); this has doubled since 2001 when just over 100,000 or 2% of the total population of Scotland (based on the 2001 ethnicity classification) were from a minority ethnic group.
- The Asian population was the largest minority ethnic group (3% of the total population or 141,000 people) and has seen an increase of one percentage point (69,000) since 2001;
- Just over 1% (1.2% or 61,000) of the population recorded their ethnic group as White: Polish. The cities of Edinburgh and Aberdeen had the highest proportions at 3% of their total population.
|2011 ||% of Total Population || |
% of Minority Ethnic
|African ||0.6 ||14 ||30,000 |
|Asian/Asian Scottish/Asian British ||2.7 ||67 ||141,000 |
|Caribbean or Black ||0.1 ||3 ||7,000 |
|Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups ||0.4 ||9 ||20,000 |
|Other ethnic group ||0.3 ||7 ||14,000 |
|White ||96.0 ||n/a ||5,084,000 |
|All Minority Ethnic Population ||4.0 ||100 ||211,000 |
|All Population ||100 ||n/a ||5,295,000 |
Table note: Figures rounded to nearest 1,000 and sums may not total exactly due to this rounding
Minority ethnic groups by council area, Scotland, 2011
- In Glasgow City, 12% of the population were from a minority ethnic group, in City of Edinburgh and Aberdeen City it was 8% and Dundee City it was 6%. These areas also saw the largest increases since 2001 in the proportion of their population who are from minority ethnic groups.
Source: Scotland's Census 2011, Release 2A
Scotland's Annual Population Survey
Population information on Scotland’s ethnic groups is also collected in the Annual Population Survey. The ethnicity question for Scotland was changed in the Labour Force Survey from April 2011 to bring it in line with the 2011 Scottish Census data collection.
Source: Annual Population Survey (Jan to Dec) Table S4.3
- In 2011, the 'White: Other White' (102,000 people), 'White: Polish' (61,000 people) and 'White: Irish' (54,000 people) groups were the largest, followed by the 'Pakistani' (49,000 people), 'Chinese' (34,000 people), 'Indian' and 'African' groups (33,000 and 30,000 people, respectively).
Source: Overview of Equality results from the 2011 Census Release 2 (2014)