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Statistics in more details

Housing & Regeneration montageSummary: Ethnicity and Housing and Regeneration

  • In 2016, only 58% of adults in the private rented sector recorded their ethnicity as white Scottish, which is much lower than other tenures and adults as a whole; 79%. Whilst 85% in social sector properties recorded their ethnicity as white Scottish.
  • In 2016 minority ethnic people were less likely to have a ‘very strong’ sense of belonging to their community (19%) than those from ‘white’ ethnic groups (34%).

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016

  • During 2013-15 80% of new social housing lets were to people who identified their ethnic group as ‘White Scottish’.

Source: Social Tenants in Scotland 2015

Useful Links

Ethnicity Page

Housing and Regeneration Page

Type of Accomodation
  • People from minority ethnic groups were more likely to be living in ‘flats or temporary structure’ accommodation compared to the population as a whole. *This is likely to be influenced by geographical location.

Chart: Ethnic Group by Type of Accommodation, All People in Households, Scotland, 2011

Ethnicity and Housing

Source: Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census, Part 2

  • Gypsy/Travellers were half as likely to own their homes compared to those in the population as a whole. Only 33% of Gypsy/Travellers owned their home compared to two 67% of the general population.
  • Gypsy/Travellers were twice as likely to live in rented accommodation, with 40% social renting compared to only 21%  of the population as a whole.

Chart:  Gypsy/Traveller by Tenure - All People in Households aged 16+, Scotland.

GypsyTraveller Tenure

  • A much higher percentage of Gypsy/Traveller households lived in a 'caravan or other mobile or temporary structure' – 14% did so compared to less than 1% of all households.
  • Gypsy/Traveller households were more than twice as likely to be overcrowded – 24% of Gypsy/Traveller households were overcrowded compared to 9% of all households * Scotland’s Census measures whether a household’s accommodation is overcrowded according to the occupancy rate, which is calculated by subtracting the notional number of rooms required from the actual number of rooms. This differs from the legislative definition which classifies a house as overcrowded if it fails to achieve either the room standard or bedroom standard. More information on how the Census measures overcrowding is available on their website.

Chart:  Gypsy/Travellers Households by Occupancy Rating, Scotland 2011

GypsyTraveller Overcrowding

Source: Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census, Part 2

  • The analysis of ethnicity within the homelessness data is slightly complicated by the fact that it also contains a number of cases where the applicant has been given leave to remain or refugee status.  These applicants originally came from abroad but are now lawfully present in the UK.  We therefore analyse the data in two parts – UK and EU nationals (which we compare with the Scottish population) and those granted leave to remain/refugee status.
  •  There were around 27,000 cases assessed as homeless during 2016/17, who were entitled to apply for assistance as a result of their UK or EU nationality.   The ethnic composition of this group is broadly in line with that for the Scottish population as a whole.  The proportion of white homeless is around 91% in the homelessness data compared with 96% for Scotland (taken from the Scottish Household Survey (SHS) 2017).  However, there are some differences within the white population.  The proportion of cases from a white: Scottish background is higher than in the population as a whole (82% compared to 79% for Scotland).  At the same time the proportion of white: other British - is also less than in the wider population (6% compared to 12% for Scotland). The proportion of Asian homeless is slightly less than in the wider population (0.8% compared with 2.3% for Scotland).
  • There were around 1,400 cases assessed as homeless during 2016/17, who were entitled to apply after being granted leave to remain or refugee status. Of these, 3% described themselves as white: other (and outside of the EU),  9% as Asian, 17% as Black and 54% as ‘other’

Source: HL1 Dataset as at 23 May 2017

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Review of the Twice Yearly Count of Gypsy/Travellers in Scotland

Findings of a review into the Twice Yearly Count of the Gypsy/Traveller population in Scotland, including recommended options for the future of the Count.

Views and experiences of tenants in the private rented sector in Scotland.  Review of the private rented sector volume 2.

As part of wider Scottish Government review on the Private Rented Sector, this report looks at the views and experiences of tenants in the sector in Scotland.

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Ethnicity Evidence Review (2013)

A comprehensive review of the available evidence relating to ethnicity, across the policay areas.



  • The Scottish Government website provides further information on accessing Scottish Household Survey (SHS) data and Scottish House Conditions Survey (SHCS) data.  Subject to small numbers and disclosure control, it is possible to request ad hoc analysis of any of the housing variables on the SHS and SHCS by age, gender, disability and ethnicity and also religion in the case of the SHS.  Data requests should be made to the SHS Mailbox or the SHCS Mailbox
  • Scottish Household Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive.
  • SCORE microdata are available on request from the Scottish Government subject to data users signing a data access agreement. 

Future Developments

Future Developments

2011 Census results.  The 2011 Census included a range of housing questions on house type, tenure, size, occupancy and type of landlord.   Data users will be able to analyse these findings by age, gender, ethnicity, religion and disability or by any other of the Census variable they are interested in.  A new and more detailed ethnicity question was included on the Census and should allow more detailed data analysis for this group.  The first Census findings are due to be released by the National Records Office in stages throughout 2013/14.

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site.

  • GoWell

Health, Wellbeing and Social Inclusion of Migrants in North Glasgow’ 

Briefing Paper 3: Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Glasgow's Regeneration Areas 2006-07’


  • Local Authorities and Planning Authorities

Local Authority level information on the housing needs of groups including families, older people, households with specific needs, and minority and hard to reach groups should be evidenced in Housing Need and Demand Assessments (HNDAs).  These are produced by Local and Planning Authorities and are available on their websites.   





Housing and Regeneration




Centre for Housing Market Analysis

Communities Analytical Services

Scottish Government

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