Summary: Ethnicity and Health, Social Care and Sport
- In the year to 31 March 2015, 99% of the people who received home care and their ethnicity was known, were of 'White' ethnicity.
- In the year to 31 March 2015, 96% of the people who received direct payments and their ethnicity was known, were of 'White' ethnicity. This is in line with the latest census figure in 2011 that reported that 96% of the Scottish population were white.
Source: Social Care Survey, 2015
- Carers - 96% of people who provide unpaid care to a relative, friend or neighbour are from a “White Scottish/British/Irish” ethnic background.
Source: Scotland’s Carers
In 2014, when the differing age profile of ethnic groups are taken into account, the "White: Other British" and "White: Other" groups have significantly higher levels of good/very good general health compared to the "White: Scottish" majority.
In 2014, accounting for age differences, only the "White: Other British" groups is significantly different to the national average level of long-term limiting health conditions, around 4 percentage points lower than the "White: Scottish" majority.
In 2014, the "White: Polish" group has higher smoking rates than the national average; for "White: Other British" and "Asian" subgroups, the rate is lower. There are also significant differences between sexes across most ethnic groups, the prevalence among women being lower.
In 2014, mental wellbeing is lower in the "White: Scottish" group than in all other "White" ethnic subgroups. Differences for the "Asian" and "All other ethnic groups" are not statistically significant after age standardisation.
Source: Scottish Surveys Core Questions (SSCQ) 2014
- White British respondents had the lowest levels of wellbeing of all ethnic groups (mean WEMWBS score of 49.8). This was significantly lower than that the scores of White Other (51.2), African, Caribbean or Black (53.7) and Asian Other (53.5) ethnic groups.
- Chinese respondents were the most likely to rate their health as good or very good (91%) and this was significantly different from the national average.
Source: Scottish Health Survey Topic Report: Equality Groups
- In the case of ethnicity, due to small numbers, responses in the inpatient survey were grouped into white and non-white. There were generally no differences in the experiences of white and non-white patients. However there may have been variations within these groups.
- For the patient primary care survey, it was possible to compare Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British; Mixed or multiple ethnic groups; African, Caribbean or Black; and Other ethnic groups with the White group. The effects of ethnicity on experiences were generally quite weak, but where there were differences they showed that certain ethnic groups (Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British and other ethnic groups) tended to report less positive experiences. African, Caribbean or Black patients reported a similar experience to White patients.
- It is not clear how any differences can be explained, for example whether they can be accounted for by actual differences in the quality of care provided or different cultural expectations between population groups. More details can be found in the following reports.
Sources: Variations in the Experiences of Primary Care Patients: Analysis of the Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12
Variations in the Experience of Inpatients in Scotland: Analysis of the 2010 Inpatient Survey
- As at end March 2016, 65.0% of staff employed by NHSScotland declared their ethnicity as White, 0.3% as Mixed, 1.9% as Asian, 0.6% as Black and 0.3% as Other. Ethnicity is unknown or not declared for 31.9% of staff. (Information on disability, ethnicity, religion and sexual orientation is based on data from a self-reported questionnaire. As this is not mandatory, response rates and completion are variable across NHSScotland.)
Source: ISD: NHSScotland Workforce Statistics
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