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Statistics in more details

Summary: Ethnicity and Business and Enterprise

  • In 2016, around 3% of small to medium-sized enterprise employers in Scotland were run by a member or mostly by members of a minority ethnic group.

Source: Small Business Survey Scotland 2016


  • Self-employment rates tend to be higher for minority ethnic groups. In 2016, the self-employment rate for ethnic minorities was 16% compared to 13% for those of white ethnic origin.

Source: Annual Population Survey (January to December)


  • In 2011, the proportion of all people in employment who were self-employed was highest for the following ethnic groups: Pakistani (27%), followed by White: Gypsy/Traveller (23%). By comparison, self-employment rates among for those of White: Scottish ethnicity stood at 11%, and self-employment rates were lowest in the African ethnic group at 7%.

Source: 2011 Census, National Records of Scotland


Useful Links

Ethnicity Page

Business and Enterprise Page

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Information in this section will be updated with relevant publications and outputs into the needs and experiences of people with characteristics protected by equality legislation for the policy area Business and Enterprise.

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Ethnicity Evidence Review (2013) - a comprehensive review of the available evidence relating to ethnicity, across the policy areas.

Small Business Survey Scotland Reports

Statistics from the Annual Population Survey for year to December 2016

Businesses in Scotland 2017



Annual Population Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive.

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

Delivering through diversity: Diversity and financial performance in 2017 (McKinsey & Company, 2018) Research looking at the correlation between diversity in the leadership of large corporations and financial performance. Includes analysis of ethnicity and gender

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (University of Strathclyde) An annual report published by the Hunter Centre for Entrepreneurship at the University of Strathclyde, on entrepreneurship within Scotland and the UK.



Business and Enterprise