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Summary: Ethnicity

Scottish Government have published a guidance note on collecting information on ethnic group.

Adults by ethnic group, 2015

Business, Enterprise and Tourism
  • In 2017, the self-employment rate for minority ethnic people was 18.5%. The self-employment rate was higher for minority ethnic people than for the 'White' ethnic group. 18.5% of minority ethnic adults were self-employed compared to 12.1% for the 'White' ethnic group.

Source: Annual Population Survey results for year to December 2017 (Last updated: May 2018)

 

More facts on this topic: Ethnicity and Business, Enterprise and Tourism Page

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 Children and Families
  • 8.6% of children registered for early learning and childcare (ELC) in September 2016 whose home language was not English.

Source: Summary Statistics for Schools, No. 8: 2017 Edition: Early Learning and Childcare (Last updated: December 2017)


     

More facts on this topic: Ethnicity and Children and Families Page

More equality characteristics for Children and Families: Children and Families Page

Crime and Justice

Offence aggravations

  • Offence aggravation data show that in 2015-16 761 people were convicted in Scottish courts of an offence with an associated racial aggravation.

  • Over half of these were for a main charge of breach of the peace or common assault.

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland 2015/16 (Table 13. Last updated: January 2017)

 

Racist Incidents

  • In 2013-14, where the ethnicity of the victim/complainer was known, those with a ‘Pakistani’ ethnic background were the most likely to be the victim/complainer of a racist incident recorded by the police with 224.2 victims/complainers per 10,000 population. This was followed by ‘African, Caribbean or Other Black’ with 189.9 victims/complainers recorded per 10,000 population. The Scottish average across all ethnic backgrounds was 10.6 victims/complainers per 10,000 population.
  • Where information on the ethnic group of perpetrators was available, in 2013-14, 90.4% of perpetrators of a racist incident recorded by the police were of ‘White British’ ethnic background (which includes ‘White Scottish’ and ‘White English’) and 4.9% of perpetrators were of an ‘Other White’ ethnic background (which includes ‘White Polish’ and ‘White Irish’).

Source: Racist Incidents Recorded by the Police in Scotland 2013/14 (Last updated: November 2015)

 

More facts on this topic: Ethnicity and Crime and Justice Page

More equality characteristics for Crime and Justice: Crime and Justice Page

Culture
  • In 2016, the percentage of adults who engaged in culture in the previous 12 months (those who attended a cultural event or place or participated in a cultural activity) varied by ethnicity of respondents, although it is not possible to obtain detailed information on many groups. Cultural engagement of the White Other ethnic group was 96%, and 90% for the Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British ethnic groups.

Source: National Indicator: Cultural Engagement (Published: September 2017)

Note: Results on ethnicity should be treated with caution due to sample sizes, and no comparable results are available for more recent surveys

 

More facts on this topic: Ethnicity and Culture Page

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Demographics

Detailed population estimates by ethnic group are available through Scotland's 2011 Census.

  • The size of the minority ethnic population in 2011 was just over 200,000 or 4% of the total population of Scotland (based on the 2011 ethnicity classification); this has doubled since 2001 when just over 100,000 or 2% of the total population of Scotland (based on the 2001 ethnicity classification) were from a minority ethnic group.

Source: 2011 Census: Release 2A (Table 2)

 

More facts on this topic: Ethnicity Demographics Page

More equality characteristics for Demgraphics: Demographics Page

Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning

This research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

  • In Higher Education, students who declared their ethnicity to be 'White' constituted 87.6% of all students with an ethnicity recorded in 2016-17. Students who declared their ethnicity to be Chinese were the second largest ethnic group (2.7%).

External Source: Higher Education Students and Qualifiers at Scottish Institutions 2016/17 (Published: March 2018, SFC)

 
  • In 2015-16, 92.9% of young people (aged 16-19) from ethnic minority groups were participating in education, employment or training, compared to 90.3% of those from non-minority ethnic groups.

Source: Participation Measure 2016 (Skills Development Scotland. Last updated: August 2017)

 

More facts on this topic: Ethnicity and Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning page

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Health, Social Care and Sport
  • In 2014, when the differing age profile of ethnic groups are taken into account, the "White: Other British" and "White: Other" groups have significantly higher levels of good/very good general health compared to the "White: Scottish" majority.

Source: Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2014 (Last updated: May 2016)

 

More facts on this topic: Ethnicity and Health, Social Care and Sport Page

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Housing and Regeneration
  • In 2016, only 58% of adults in the private rented sector recorded their ethnicity as white Scottish, which is much lower than other tenures and adults as a whole; 79%. Whilst 85% in social sector properties recorded their ethnicity as white Scottish.
  • In 2016 minority ethnic people were less likely to have a ‘very strong’ sense of belonging to their community (19%) than those from ‘white’ ethnic groups (34%).

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Housing (Last updated: September 2017)

 

More facts on this topic: Ethnicity and Housing and Regeneration Page

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Income and Poverty

Relative Poverty After Housing Costs, by Ethnic Group

Relative Poverty After Housing Costs, by Ethnic Group

  • Over a third of people in minority ethnic groups were in poverty after housing costs were taken into account. For comparison, the poverty rate for the ‘White – British’ group was 18%.

Source: Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2014-17 (Last updated: March 2018)

 

More facts on this topic: Ethnicity and Income and Poverty Page

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Labour Market
  • In 2016 the employment rate for people from minority ethnic groups decreased by 1.3 percentage points over the year, from 58.9% to 57.6%.

Source: Regional Employment Patterns in Scotland: Statistics from the Annual Population Survey 2016 (Last updated: May 2017)

 

More facts on this topic: Ethnicity and Labour Market Page

More equality characteristics for Labour Market: Labour Market Page

Local Government
  • In 2016 a higher proportion of people from minority ethnic backgrounds (64%) expressed satisfaction with local schools, local health care and public transport (as a composite measure) compared to people from a 'White' ethnic group (56%).

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Local Services (Last updated: September 2017)

 

More facts on this topic: Ethnicity and Local Government Page

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Rural and Environment
  • The 2011 Census showed that households where the Household Reference Person (HRP) was from a minority ethnic group were more likely to be in urban areas in Scotland. The vast majority of 'African' households were in large urban areas (85%) compared to only 40% of all households.

Source: Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census (Last updated: October 2014)

 

More facts on this topic: Ethnicity and Rural and Environment Page 

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School Education
  • In 2015/16, school leavers who identified their ethnicity as Asian-Chinese had the highest levels of attainment with 91.8 per cent of leavers achieving at least one qualification at SCQF level 6 or better, far higher than the percentage for leavers with an ethnicity of White-Scottish (61.1 per cent achieving this level).

Source: Attainment and Leaver Destinations 2015/16 (Table 6. Last updated: June 2017)

 
 
  • In September 2017, 1% of school teachers recorded a minority ethnic background. The majority were from a white ethnic background (93%).

Source: Summary Statistics for Schools in Scotland, No.8: 2017 Edition (Table 3.4. Last updated: December 2017)

 
 
  • In 2017, 85% of pupils were recorded as being white Scottish or white other British. The largest other ethnic backgrounds include white other (5 per cent), Asian Pakistani (2 per cent) and mixed (1 per cent).

Source: Summary Statistics for Schools in Scotland, No.8: 2017 Edition (Table 4.5. Last updated: December 2017)

 

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Third Sector
  • In 2016, 2% of volunteers were from an ethnic group other than 'white'.

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Volunteering (Last updated: September 2017)

 

More facts on this topic: Ethnicity and Third Sector Page

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Transport and Travel
  • Indian, Pakistani and Chinese households are most likely to have access to a car.  African households are least likely to.  At the time of the 2011 census, three quarters of households in Scotland had access to a car or van. The proportion was over 80% for Pakistani and White: Other British households and lowest (47%) for African households.

Source: Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census - Part 2 (Last updated: March 2015)

 

More facts on this topic: Ethnicity and Transport and Travel Page 

More equality characteristics for Transport and Travel: Transport and Travel Page

Publications and Output

Publications and Outputs

Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2016 (April 2018) Official statistics publication on equality groups across a range of measures from harmonised questions across the major SG population surveys. This publication is available for individual years, as well as a combined multi-year SSCQ which pools several years of data allowing for more in-depth analysis. This publication provides statistics centred around protected equality characteristics and sub-national geographies: age, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion, sexual orientation, country of birth, deprivation and Health Board/Police Scotland Division.

 

Scottish Household Survey 2016 (September 2017) This report presents reliable and up-to-date information on the composition, characteristics and behaviour of Scottish households, both nationally and at a sub-national level. This includes analysis of age, deprivation, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion and sexual orientation

 

Characteristics of migrants in Scotland: Analysis of the 2011 Census (October 2016) Compares characteristics (including Age) of migrants from European Economic Area (EEA) and non-EEA countries with the Scotland-born population and migrants from the rest of the UK.

Scottish Social Attitudes Survey 2015: Attitudes to Discrimination and Positive Action (September 2016) This report explores attitudes to discrimination and positive action in Scotland in relation to: age, disability, gender, race, religion, gender reassignment and sexual orientation.

Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census: Part 2 (March 2015) Brings together relevant statistics from the census and other sources to paint a highly detailed picture of equality in Scotland. The policy areas covered are Labour Market, Education, Housing and Transport. The BSL section contains data by age.

Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census: Part 1 (October 2014) Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census, including Ethnicity, Gypsy/Travellers, Religion, Disability and BSL and contains data by age.

Overview of Equality Results from 2011 Census Release 2 (March 2014) This paper provides further analysis of equality data originally released from the Census by the National Records of Scotland (NRS). It pulls this together into a user friendly format providing new analysis and insight, particularly around deprivation. The main equality strands included in the paper are ethnicity, religion and disability.

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Ethnicity Evidence Review (2013) A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to ethnicity.

Data

Data

Scottish Government Survey Data

Scottish Health Survey - Access to Scottish Health Survey data is available via the UK Data Service

Scottish Household Survey - The Scottish Government website provides further information on accessing Scottish Household Survey data

UK Data Archive - Annual Population Survey, Scottish Crime and Justice Survey and Scottish Household Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive

Scotland's Census

Scotland's Census Data Explorer - Download data, charts and tables from the 2011 Census

Official Statistics

statistics.gov.scot - Explore, visualise and download over 200 datasets from a range of producers. Start browsing by theme, organisation, or geography. Or access programmatically using our APIs. A range of datasets are available that can be broken down by ethnic group

 

Future Developments

Results from the 2011 Census have been published throughout the year. More detailed data is available on the census website data explorer.

Select below for further information on:

Planned 2011 Census output releases

Census

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

UK Ethnicity Facts and Figures (UK Government, October 2017) This website brings together a range of UK government statistics covering ethnicity. It includes crime, culture, education, health, housing and work

Scotland's Councillors 2017-22 (Improvement Service, 2017) his report presents the findings of a survey of all councillors in Scotland following the May 2012 local elections. It includes age, ethnicity, gender and religion of councillors in Scotland

How does personal well-being vary by sex, disability, ethnicity and religion? (ONS, 2015) Report exploring differences in personal well-being rating for different equality groups. It includes disability, ethnicity, gender and religion

Interactive census profiler (Centre on Dynamics of Ethnicity ) The Economic and Social Research Council's Centre on Dynamics of Ethnicity (CoDE) has produced an excel-based that allows users to create tailored census analysis using England and Wales data.

External Research Organisations

BEMIS - Support for the ethnic minority voluntary sector in Scotland.

Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights (CRER) - Tackles racial inequality and promotes racial justice across Scotland.

Council of Ethnic Minority Voluntary Sector Organisations (Scotland) - Intermediary organisation for Scotland’s ethnic minority voluntary sector and its communities.

Equality and Human Rights Commission - The Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC) encourages equality and diversity, and is responsible for enforcing the Equality Act. EHRC produce research and analysis on equality characteristics

Government Equalities Office - The Government Equalities Office (GEO) is part of the UK Government and publishes research and analysis relating to equality legislation in the UK