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Disability

Summary: Disability

Scottish Government have published a guidance note on collecting information on disability.

Adults with limiting long-term conditions, 2016

 

Business, Enterprise and Tourism
  • Self-employment rates tend to be higher for disabled people. In 2016, the self-employment rate for disabled people was 15% compared to 12% for non-disabled people.

Source: Regional Employment Patterns in Scotland: Statistics from the Annual Population Survey 2016 (Last updated: May 2017)

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Business, Enterprise and Tourism Page

More equality characteristics for Business, Enterprise and Tourism: Business, Enterprise and Tourism Page

Children and Families
  • In 2016, 7% of children and young people (aged under 16) had a limiting long-term physical or mental health condition. Boys were significantly more likely than girls to have a limiting long-term condition (9% and 6% respectively).

Source: Scottish Health Survey 2016 (Last updated: October 2017)

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Children and Families Page

More equality characteristics for Children and Families: Children and Families Page

Crime and Justice
  • Disabled people are no more likely to be victim of crime than non-disabled people (rates of around 15% for each in 2014-15).

  • Disabled people are less likely to feel safe walking alone in their neighbourhood after dark (57% compared to 78% of those with no disability)

Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014/15 (Last updated: March 2016)

 
Offence Aggravations
  • Offence aggravation data show that in 2015-16, 68 people were convicted in Scottish courts of an offence with an associated disability aggravation.

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland 2015/16 (Table 13. Last updated: January 2017)

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Crime and Justice Page

More equality characteristics for Crime and Justice: Crime and Justice Page

Culture

Attendance

  • In 2016, people with disabilities or long-term health conditions reported lower levels of attendance at cultural events or places. Attendance rates were much lower in adults who said that their health caused major reductions in their daily capacity. 

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Culture and Heritage (Last updated: September 2017)

 

Participation

  • In 2016, participation was lower in adults with a physical or mental health condition, particularly among those who said that their health caused major reductions in their daily capacity. When reading was excluded, participation for those with conditions with major reduced daily capacity was 38 per cent compared to 56 per cent for those with no condition.

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Culture and Heritage (Last updated: September 2017)

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Culture Page

More equality characteristics for Culture: Culture Page

Demographics
  • In 2011, the proportion of people in Scotland with a long-term activity-limiting health problem or disability was 20%, the same as reported in the 2001 Census

Source: 2011 Census: Release 2A (Table 8)

 

More facts on this topic: Disability Demographics Page 

More equality characteristics for Demographics: Demographics Page

Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning

Higher Education

  • In 2015-16, 12% of full-time Higher Education students and 20% of full-time Further Education students in colleges declared a disability.

Source: Widening Access For All 2015/16 (SFC report. Formerly Learning for All. Last updated: September 2017)

 

Education, Employment or Training

  • There was a smaller proportion of young people with a disability participating in education (64.4% compared to 71.5%) and employment (12.0% compared to 17.0%).

  • However, young people with a disability were more likely to be participating in training or other development (6.3%) than those without (2.0%).

Source: Participation Measure 2017 (Skills Development Scotland. Last updated: August 2017)

 

Modern Apprenticeships

  •  8.6% of Modern Apprenticeship starts declared they were disabled in 2016-17.

Source: Modern Apprenticeship Statistics 2016/17 (Skills Development Scotland. Last updated: June 2017)

 

More facts on this topics: Disability and Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning page

More equality characteristics for Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning: Employability, Skills and Lifelong Learning page

Health, Social Care and Sport
  • In 2015, those with a long-term limiting condition have considerably lower levels of good/very good general health than the rest of the population (27% compared with 89% in the non-disabled group).

Source: Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2015 (Last updated: November 2016)

 
  • As at end March 2017, 0.7% of the staff employed by NHSScotland declared a disability.

Source: NHS Scotland Workforce (Last updated: June 2017)

Note: Information on disability, ethnicity, religion and sexual orientation is based on data from a self-reported questionnaire. As this is not mandatory, response rates and completion are variable across NHSScotland.

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Health, Social Care and Sport Page

More equality characteristics for Health, Social Care and Sport: Health, Social Care and Sport Page

Housing and Regeneration
  • Social renters are more likely to have a limiting, long-term physical or mental health condition (39  per cent) than any other tenure and the population as a whole (23 per cent).

Source: Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2015 (Last updated: November 2016)

 
  • In 2016, adults with a long-term physical/mental health condition are more likely to have experienced discrimination (9 per cent) than those without such a condition (6 per cent).

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Neighbourhoods and Communities (Last updated: September 2017)

 

More Information

More facts on this topic: Disability and Housing and Regeneration Page

More equality characteristics for Housing and Regeneration: Housing and Regeneration Page

Income and Poverty  
  • In 2015-16, 19% of people in families containing a disabled adult were in relative poverty before housing costs. For families with no disabled adults the figure was 15%. After housing costs, 23% of people in families containing a disabled adult were in poverty, compared with 18% for those without.

Relative poverty AHC Disability 2016

Source: Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland 2015/16: Additional Analysis (Last updated: June 2017)

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Income and Poverty

More equality characteristics for Income and Poverty: Income and Poverty Page

Labour Market
  • In 2016, the employment rate for those aged 16-64 who were Equality Act disabled was 42.9% compared to 80.1% for those who were not Equality Act disabled and 72.9% for the total population aged 16-64. 52.5% of people who were Equality Act disabled were economically inactive, an increase of 0.9 percentage points over the year.

Source: Regional Employment Patterns in Scotland: Statistics from the Annual Population Survey 2016 (Last updated: May 2017)

Note: Estimates [from April 2013 onwards] are based on the core definition of disability under the Equality Act 2010, as specified in the Government Statistical Service (GSS) Harmonised Standards for questions on disability. It includes people with a health condition or illness lasting 12 months or more that reduces their ability to carry out day-to-day activities. It excludes certain non-core groups covered by the Equality Act, such as those with progressive or past conditions that do not currently limit their activities, and conditions that only limit their activities without medication or treatment. The introduction of this new definition means that estimates are not directly comparable with earlier periods.

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Labour Market Page

More equality characteristics for Labour Market: Labour Market Page

Local Government
  • In 2016 there was a slight difference between the proportion of disabled (53%) and non-disabled (57%) people who were satisfied with the quality of local schools, local health services and public transport (as a composite measure).

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Local Services (Last updated: September 2017)

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Local Government Page

More equality characteristics for Local Government: Local Government Page

Rural and Environment
  • There is a roughly equal proportion of adults with a long term illness or disability living in rural areas compared to urban areas. In 2016, the proportion of people reporting having a long term health condition or illness was 27% in urban areas and 24% in rural areas. This proportion is despite the fact there is a higher proportion of older people living in rural areas and the prevalence of disability and long term limiting illness increases with age.

Source: Scottish Household Survey 2016: Environment (Last updated: September 2017)

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Rural and Environment Page

More equality characteristics for Rural and Environment: Rural and Environment Page

School Education

Attainment

  • School leavers with additional support needs (including special schools) in 2015/16 continued to have lower attainment, with only 34.1% of pupils with an additional support need achieving one or more Highers or better compared to 69.1% for those with no additional support needs.

Source: Attainment and Leaver Destinations Supplementary Data 2015/16 (Last updated: June 2017)

 

Exclusion

  • In 2014/15, the rate of exclusions at 69 per 1,000 pupils for those with additional support needs is more than 4 times higher than for pupils with no additional support needs (16 per 1,000).

Source: Summary Statistics for Schools in Scotland, No.6: 2015 Edition (Exclusion statistics published every two years. Last updated: December 2015)

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and School Education Page

More equality characteristics for School Education: School Education Page

Third Sector
  • In 2015, 16% of people employed in the third sector considered themselves to have a disability, compared with 10% in the private sector and 11% in the public sector.

Source: Regional Employment Patterns in Scotland: Statistics from the Annual Population Survey 2015 (Last updated: May 2016)

 

More facts on this topic: Disability and Third Sector Page

More equality characteristics for Third Sector: Third Sector Page

Transport and Travel
  • There were 41,348 concessionary fare passes issued to disabled people at October 2016. A further 111,486 disabled and companion cards were issued.
  • There were 3,921 concessionary fare passes issued to visually impaired people at October 2016. A further 9,745 visually impaired and companion cards were issued.
  • Around a third of bus journeys were undertaken by concessionary pass holders.

Source: Scottish Transport Statistics 2016 (Tables 2.12, 2.13 and 2.2a. Last updated: February 2017)

 

More facts on this Topic: Disability and Transport and Travel Page

More equality characteristics for Transport and Travel: Transport and Travel Page

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Scottish Household Survey 2016 (September 2017) - This report presents reliable and up-to-date information on the composition, characteristics (including disability) and behaviour of Scottish households, both nationally and at a sub-national level.

Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2015 (November 2016) - Official statistics publication on equality groups across a range of measures from harmonised questions across the major SG population surveys. This publication provides statistics centred around protected equality characteristics and sub-national geographies: age, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion, sexual orientation, country of birth, deprivation and Health Board/Police Scotland Division.

Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census - Part 2 (2015) - Brings together relevant statistics from the census and other sources to paint a highly detailed picture of equality in Scotland. The policy areas covered are Labour Market, Education, Housing and Transport. Chapter 4 presents an analysis of disability in relation to these topics.

Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census - Part 1 (2014)  - Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census, including Ethnicity, Religion, and Disability.

Overview of Equality Results from the 2011 Census Release 2 (2014) - This paper provides further analysis of equality data originally released from the Census by the National Records of Scotland (NRS). It pulls this together into a user friendly format providing new analysis and insight, particularly around deprivation. The main equality strands included in the paper are ethnicity, religion and disability.

Scottish Ministers' Duty Reports: Events with Disabled People (2009) -A written summary report of 3 events that were held with disabled people in May 2009. Purpose of events was to find out disabled people's views on the Scottish Government's proposals for coordination of action across the public sector, as identified in Minister's Duty Reports published in November 2008.

Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland (2008) - Reporting on Progress towards Equality of Opportunity between Disabled Persons and Other Persons made by Public Authorities in Scotland

Communication Support Needs: A Review of the Literature (2007) - This research reviews existing literature on the needs and experiences of people with communication support needs and highlights the implications these have for service provision.

Disability and Employment in Scotland: A Review of the Evidence Base (2005) - The report discusses the evidence base in relation to disabled people's access to and participation within the labour market and identifies gaps in current research in order to inform future research.

Investigation of Access to Public Services in Scotland Using British Sign Language (2005) - Research report exploring the extent of access to public services in British Sign language (BSL) by Deaf people. A DVD reporting on the research is available in British Sign Language.

 

Data

Data

Scottish Government Survey data

Scottish Household Survey - Information on how to access Scottish Household Survey data.

UK Data Archive - Annual Population Survey, Scottish Crime and Justice Survey and Scottish Household Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme).

Scottish Health Survey data can be accessed via the UK Data Service

2011 Census data

Scotland's Census Data Explorer - download data, charts and tables from the 2011 Census.

Official Statistics

statistics.gov.scot  provides access to the official statistics datasets, which can be broken down by disability status.

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on the following link, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site.

Making disability data work for you: a community data toolkit - The Office for Disability Issues launched in January 2014. This is a toolkit created for Disabled Peoples User Led Organisations (DPULOs), other small organisations and charities. It aims to provide guidance to help organisations find and use data, for example, to better target services and/or resources to meet the needs of disabled people.

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

Datashine Scotland - Datashine Scotland maps key statistics from the 2011 Scottish Census on an interactive map, including disability.

How does personal well-being vary by sex, disability, ethnicity and religion?  (ONS, 2015) - Reports that different equality groups have different personal well-being ratings, reporting that people who report being disabled have lower personal wellbeing scores than people without a disability.

Life Opportunities Survey (DWP, 2015)- The Life Opportunities Survey compares how disabled and non-disabled people participate in society across areas including work, education, social participation, transport, and use of public services.

Independent Living in Scotland Project (2013) - A report on the progress to make independent living the reality for disabled people in Scotland.

External Research Organisations

Equality and Human Rights Commission - Research Reports and briefings produced by the Equality and Human Rights Commision

Office for Disability Issues - Department for Work and Pensions, Disability statistics & research.

Inclusion Scotland - Work to challenge the social exclusion experienced by disabled people in Scotland.