Summary: Age and Health, Social Care and Sport
- In 2015, the proportion of adults reporting to be in 'very good' or 'good' health declined with age from 88% of those aged 16-24 to 55% of those aged 75 and over.
- In 2015, levels of 'very good' health for children ranged between 65% and 73% for those aged 0-11 but declined from 63% for those aged 12-13 to 52% for those aged 14-15.
Levels of wellbeing were significantly lower for women aged 16-24 than for other age groups of men and women in 2015
Prevalence of multiple long-term conditions was much higher among older adults, 2012-2015
- In 2012-2015, wellbeing scores among 13 to 15 year olds (as measured by WEMWBS) decreased with age for all children (52.3 for those aged 13 compared with 50.0 for those aged 15).
Source: Scottish Health Survey 2015
- In 2016 the vast majority of both Social Care* at home clients (75%) and long stay care home residents (90%) were aged 65 years old and over.
Source: Social Care Survey / Care Home Census / About the Care Home Census
* Social Care services refer to: Home Care, Telecare / Community alarm, Housing Support, Direct Payments and Meals services.
- Carers - 17% of people aged 50 to 64 are provide unpaid care to a relative, friend or neighbour; This compares to 2% of under-25s, 10% of 25-49 year olds and 11% of over-65s;
Source: Scotland’s Carers
As at end June 2017, 14.5% of the NHS Scotland workforce (whole time equivalent) were aged under 30 years, whilst just under half (47.3%) were aged between 30 and 49 years, and 38.2% were aged over 50 years.
In 2015, the proportion of adults meeting both Moderate or Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA) and muscle strengthening guidelines decreased with age, from 42% of those aged 16-24 to 7% of those aged 75 and over.
Levels of overweight (BMI>=25) tend to increase with age (2015)
In 2015, prevalence of survey-defined hypertension rose from 3% of those aged 16-24 to 71% of those aged 75 and over.
In 2013/2015, prevalence of adults reporting an accident in the last 12 months was higher for those aged 16-24 (16%) than those aged 25 and over (9-12%).
In 2013/2015, prevalence of accidents in children tended to increase with age, from 9% among those aged 0-1 to 20-22% among those aged 12-15.
Older women less likely to have natural teeth than men of the same age, in 2015
- In 2015, prevalence of drinking at hazardous or harmful levels, or having a possible alcohol dependency, decreased with age from 35% of those aged 16-24 to 2% of those aged 75 and over.
Smoking prevalence in 2015 was highest among those aged 25-54 (24-26%), lower among those aged 16-24 (21%) and those aged 55-74 (15-21%) and lowest among those aged 75 and over (8%).
A significantly higher mean number of cigarettes were smoked by male smokers (13.9 per day) than female smokers (11.3), in 2015.
In 2015, e-cigarette usage was higher for those aged 25-64 (7-9%) than other age groups. Younger adults were much more likely to have ever tried e-cigarettes than older ones (22-26% of those aged 16-34, compared with 4-10% of those aged 65 and over).
In 2015, mean consumption of fruit and vegetables was lowest for those aged 16-24 (2.6 portions) and highest for those aged 55-74 (3.4 portions).
In 2015, supplement use was highest among older adults (33-34% of those aged 65 or over), while consumption of vitamin D was highest among those aged 4-5 (25%).
Source: Scottish Health Survey 2015
The Scottish Government collects information on the experiences of people in relation to healthcare services through the Scottish care experience survey programme. Both patient and non-patient factors influence people’s experiences. While patient characteristics such as age and gender account for some of the variation in experiences, non-patient factors such as the individual GP practice, GP practice size, type of admission to hospital and individual hospital are also an important influence on experience.
Analysis has been undertaken which takes all of these factors into account in relation to differences in experiences for GP, Inpatient and Cancer care. This analysis can be found at:
Sources: Variations in the Experience of Inpatients in Scotland: Analysis of the 2016 Inpatient Survey
Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12 Volume 3: Variation in the Experiences of Primary Care Patients
Inpatient Experience Survey Volume 3: Exploring differences in experience
Scottish Cancer Patient Experience Survey 2015/16 - Exploring Differences in Cancer Patient Experiences
- Drug-related deaths in Scotland continue to increase and are currently at the highest level recorded. Over two thirds (73%) of deaths were amongst those aged 35 and over, the same as in 2015. The median age at death increased from 28 years in 1996 to 41 years in 2016.
Drug-related deaths in Scotland, 3- and 5-year moving averages, and likely range of values around 5-year moving average
Source: Drug Related Deaths in Scotland in 2016
- The number and rate of younger people admitted to hospital for drug misuse has remained relatively stable over time, while admissions among older drug users have increased. Amongst those aged 35 and over, a twelve-fold rise from 11 to 132 patients per 100,000 population between 1996/97 and 2016/17 (general acute)).
- Drug-related psychiatric patient rates also increased for older individuals, more than doubling between 1997/98 and 2015/16 (from 34 to 90 patients per 100,000 population for 35-39 year olds, from 19 to 79 patients per 100,000 population for 40-44 year olds; and from 12 to 49 patients per 100,000 population for 45-49 year olds).
Source: Drug-Related Hospital Statistics Scotland 2016/17
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