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Summary: Age and Health, Social Care & Sport

Nurse and childSummary: Age and Health, Social Care and Sport

 

  • In 2015, the proportion of adults reporting to be in 'very good' or 'good' health declined with age from 88% of those aged 16-24 to 55% of those aged 75 and over.
  • In 2015, levels of 'very good' health for children ranged between 65% and 73% for those aged 0-11 but declined from 63% for those aged 12-13 to 52% for those aged 14-15. 

Levels of wellbeing were significantly lower for women aged 16-24 than for other age groups of men and women in 2015

Levels of wellbeing were significantly lower for women aged 16-24 than for other age groups of men and women

 

 

  • Levels of self-reported self-harm were highest among those aged 16-24 in 2012-2015 (18%) and, particularly, women in that age group (23%).

Prevalence of multiple long-term conditions was much higher among older adults, 2012-2015

Prevalence of multiple long-term conditions was much higher among older adults, 2012-2015

 

  • In 2012-2015, wellbeing scores among 13 to 15 year olds (as measured by WEMWBS) decreased with age for all children (52.3 for those aged 13 compared with 50.0 for those aged 15). 

Source: Scottish Health Survey 2015

 

  • In 2016 the vast majority of both Social Care* at home clients (75%) and long stay care home residents (90%) were aged 65 years old and over.

Source: Social Care Survey / Care Home Census / About the Care Home Census

* Social Care services refer to: Home Care, Telecare / Community alarm, Housing Support, Direct Payments and Meals services.

  • Carers - 17% of people aged 50 to 64 are provide unpaid care to a relative, friend or neighbour; This compares to 2% of under-25s, 10% of 25-49 year olds and 11% of over-65s;

Source: Scotland’s Carers

 

  • As at end June 2017, 14.5% of the NHS Scotland workforce (whole time equivalent) were aged under 30 years, whilst just under half (47.3%) were aged between 30 and 49 years, and 38.2% were aged over 50 years.

Source: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Workforce/

 

 

  • In 2015, the proportion of adults meeting both Moderate or Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA) and muscle strengthening guidelines decreased with age, from 42% of those aged 16-24 to 7% of those aged 75 and over.

Levels of overweight (BMI>=25) tend to increase with age (2015)

Levels of overweight (BMI>=25) tend to increase with age

 

  • In 2015, prevalence of survey-defined hypertension rose from 3% of those aged 16-24 to 71% of those aged 75 and over.

  • In 2013/2015, prevalence of adults reporting an accident in the last 12 months was higher for those aged 16-24 (16%) than those aged 25 and over (9-12%). 

  • In 2013/2015, prevalence of accidents in children tended to increase with age, from 9% among those aged 0-1 to 20-22% among those aged 12-15.

Older women less likely to have natural teeth than men of the same age, in 2015

Older women less likely to have natural teeth than men of the same age

 

  • In 2015, prevalence of drinking at hazardous or harmful levels, or having a possible alcohol dependency, decreased with age from 35% of those aged 16-24 to 2% of those aged 75 and over.
  • Smoking prevalence in 2015 was highest among those aged 25-54 (24-26%), lower among those aged 16-24 (21%) and those aged 55-74 (15-21%) and lowest among those aged 75 and over (8%).

  • A significantly higher mean number of cigarettes were smoked by male smokers (13.9 per day) than female smokers (11.3), in 2015.

  • In 2015, e-cigarette usage was higher for those aged 25-64 (7-9%) than other age groups.  Younger adults were much more likely to have ever tried e-cigarettes than older ones (22-26% of those aged 16-34, compared with 4-10% of those aged 65 and over).

  • In 2015, mean consumption of fruit and vegetables was lowest for those aged 16-24 (2.6 portions) and highest for those aged 55-74 (3.4 portions).

  • In 2015, supplement use was highest among older adults (33-34% of those aged 65 or over), while consumption of vitamin D was highest among those aged 4-5 (25%).

 

Source: Scottish Health Survey 2015

 

  • The Scottish Government collects information on the experiences of people in relation to healthcare services through the Scottish care experience survey programme.  Both patient and non-patient factors influence people’s experiences. While patient characteristics such as age and gender account for some of the variation in experiences, non-patient factors such as the individual GP practice, GP practice size, type of admission to hospital and individual hospital are also an important influence on experience.

  • Analysis has been undertaken which takes all of these factors into account in relation to differences in experiences for GP, Inpatient and Cancer care.  This analysis can be found at:

 Sources: Variations in the Experience of Inpatients in Scotland: Analysis of the 2016 Inpatient Survey

 Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12 Volume 3: Variation in the Experiences of Primary Care Patients

 Inpatient Experience Survey Volume 3: Exploring differences in experience

 Scottish Cancer Patient Experience Survey 2015/16 - Exploring Differences in Cancer Patient Experiences

 

  • Drug-related deaths in Scotland continue to increase and are currently at the highest level recorded.   Over two thirds (73%) of deaths were amongst those aged 35 and over, the same as in 2015. The median age at death increased from 28 years in 1996 to 41 years in 2016.

Drug-related deaths in Scotland, 3- and 5-year moving averages, and likely range of values around 5-year moving average

Drug related deaths in Scotland

Source: Drug Related Deaths in Scotland in 2016

 

  • The number and rate of younger people admitted to hospital for drug misuse has remained relatively stable over time, while admissions among older drug users have increased.  Amongst those aged 35 and over, a twelve-fold rise from 11 to 132 patients per 100,000 population between 1996/97 and 2016/17 (general acute)).
  • Drug-related psychiatric patient rates also increased for older individuals, more than doubling between 1997/98 and 2015/16 (from 34 to 90 patients per 100,000 population for 35-39 year olds, from 19 to 79 patients per 100,000 population for 40-44 year olds; and from 12 to 49 patients per 100,000 population for 45-49 year olds).

 

Source: Drug-Related Hospital Statistics Scotland 2016/17

Useful Links

Age page

Health, Social Care and Sport page

National Performance Framework

National Performance Framework

Fifty National Indicators enable progress towards the achievement of the National Outcomes and ultimately the delivery of the Purpose to be tracked.

Indicators are chosen to show how the Scottish Government are progressing on the range of Outcomes. Equality breakdowns illustrate how protected groups are progressing towards achievement of the National Outcomes, particularly ‘we have tackled the significant inequalities in Scottish society’.

National Indicator number 18: Increase physical activity, data tables

National Indicator number 19: Improve self-assessed general health, data tables

National Indicator number 20: Improve mental wellbeing, data tables

National Indicator number 24: Reduce emergency admissions to hospital, data tables

National Indicator number 25: Improve the quality of healthcare experience, data tables

National Indicator number 26: Reduce the percentage of adults who smoke, data tables

National Indicator number 28: Reduce the number of individuals with problem drug use, data tables

- progress against these National Indicators, broken down by Age, can be found under the 'What more do we know about the National indicator?' heading.

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Age Evidence Review (2013) - A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to age equality.

Scottish Health Survey annual reports –annual publications and topic reports (including the Equality Groups topic report).

Scottish Household Survey

Social Care Services, Scotland, 2015

Care Home Census

Home Care

Self Directed Support

Mental Health Officers' Report 2012

Respite Care 2015

Scottish GP Patient Experience Survey

Variations in the Experience of Inpatients in Scotland: Analysis of the 2010 Inpatient Survey

Variations in the Experiences of Primary Care Patients: Analysis of the Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12

The NHS Scotland Workforce - Staff Governance Publication

NHS Scotland Workforce - Provides data on NHSScotland workforce and covers all the equality characteristics

Taulbut, M., Parkinson, J., Catto, S. and Gordon, D. 2009 Scotland’s Mental Health and its Context: Adults 2009. Glasgow: NHS Health Scotland, 2009,

Gordon DS, Graham L, Robinson M, Taulbut M. Dimensions of Diversity:Population Differences and Health Improvement Opportunities. Glasgow: NHS Health Scotland; 2010.

Catto, S., Tod, E. Scotland's Mental Health: Adults 2012. Glasgow: NHS Health Scotland. Published 2012.

ISD Scotland (October 2014) Estimating the National and Local Prevalence of Problem Drug Misuse in Scotland in 2012/13

ISD Scotland (March 2016) The National Drug-Related Deaths Database (Scotland) Report: Analysis of Deaths Occurring in 2014

ISD Scotland (September 2016) Drug-Related Hospital Statistics Scotland 2015/16

National Records of Scotland (2016), Drug Related Deaths in Scotland in 2015

Scottish Government, (2016), 2014/15 Scottish Crime and Justice Survey: Drug Use, Edinburgh: Scottish Government:

Data

Future Developments

Future Developments

Tod, E., Parkinson, J., McCartney, G. Children and young people 2013. Glasgow: NHS Health Scotland (2013)

Developing datasets section of website to include more interactive spreadsheets that provide additional anaylsis than in our publications - http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Health/Data

Health, Social Care and Housing - Data linking project : http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Health/Datalinking/HealthSocialCareandHousin

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. Any research hosted on an external website has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers.

Alzheimer Scotland

Generations Working Together

ISD Care Homes Publication

ISD Emergency Admissions Publication

ISD Home Page

Scottish Consortium for Learning Disability - The Same as You? (eSAY Publication)

The Scottish Public Health Observatory

The British Heart Foundation - Chilrden and Young People statistics 2013 - Presents statistics on children and young people's health and diet. Examines incidence, mortality, treatment and quality of life for congenital heart disease. Looks at medical risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease, setting out figures on blood pressure, diabetes, cholestorol and obesity. Presents findings from Scotland, England, Wales and UK level.

The NHS Health Scotland equality team webpages provide an introduction to equality, health inequalities and human rights in relation to health outcomes for each of the nine protected characteristics, signposting to qualitative research about access to services, practice guidance and case studies to help planners and practitioners design and deliver services which meet the needs of individuals and communities. Their Monthly Equalities Alert provides an update on the latest articles and journals covering health in relation to protected characteristics and population groups.

Contacts

Contacts

Health, Social Care & Sport

swstat@scotland.gsi.gov.uk