Summary: Age and Health, Social Care and Sport
- In 2015, the proportion of adults reporting to be in 'very good' or 'good' health declined with age from 88% of those aged 16-24 to 55% of those aged 75 and over.
- In 2015, levels of 'very good' health for children ranged between 65% and 73% for those aged 0-11 but declined from 63% for those aged 12-13 to 52% for those aged 14-15.
Levels of wellbeing were significantly lower for women aged 16-24 than for other age groups of men and women in 2015
Prevalence of multiple long-term conditions was much higher among older adults, 2012-2015
- In 2012-2015, wellbeing scores among 13 to 15 year olds (as measured by WEMWBS) decreased with age for all children (52.3 for those aged 13 compared with 50.0 for those aged 15).
Source: Scottish Health Survey 2015
- In 2015 the vast majority of both Social Care* at home clients (75%) and long stay care home residents (89%) were aged 65 years old and over.
Source: Social Care Survey / Care Home Census
* Social Care services refer to: Home Care, Telecare / Community alarm, Housing Support, Direct Payments and Meals services.
- Carers - 17% of people aged 50 to 64 are provide unpaid care to a relative, friend or neighbour; This compares to 2% of under-25s, 10% of 25-49 year olds and 11% of over-65s;
Source: Scotland’s Carers
- As at end June 2016, 14.4% of the NHS Scotland workforce (whole time equivalent) were aged under 30 years, whilst just under half (48.0%) were aged between 30 and 49 years, and 37.6% were aged over 50 years.
Source: ISD: NHSScotland Workforce Statistics
In 2015, the proportion of adults meeting both Moderate or Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA) and muscle strengthening guidelines decreased with age, from 42% of those aged 16-24 to 7% of those aged 75 and over.
Levels of overweight (BMI>=25) tend to increase with age (2015)
In 2015, prevalence of survey-defined hypertension rose from 3% of those aged 16-24 to 71% of those aged 75 and over.
In 2013/2015, prevalence of adults reporting an accident in the last 12 months was higher for those aged 16-24 (16%) than those aged 25 and over (9-12%).
In 2013/2015, prevalence of accidents in children tended to increase with age, from 9% among those aged 0-1 to 20-22% among those aged 12-15.
Older women less likely to have natural teeth than men of the same age, in 2015
- In 2015, prevalence of drinking at hazardous or harmful levels, or having a possible alcohol dependency, decreased with age from 35% of those aged 16-24 to 2% of those aged 75 and over.
Smoking prevalence in 2015 was highest among those aged 25-54 (24-26%), lower among those aged 16-24 (21%) and those aged 55-74 (15-21%) and lowest among those aged 75 and over (8%).
A significantly higher mean number of cigarettes were smoked by male smokers (13.9 per day) than female smokers (11.3), in 2015.
In 2015, e-cigarette usage was higher for those aged 25-64 (7-9%) than other age groups. Younger adults were much more likely to have ever tried e-cigarettes than older ones (22-26% of those aged 16-34, compared with 4-10% of those aged 65 and over).
In 2015, mean consumption of fruit and vegetables was lowest for those aged 16-24 (2.6 portions) and highest for those aged 55-74 (3.4 portions).
In 2015, supplement use was highest among older adults (33-34% of those aged 65 or over), while consumption of vitamin D was highest among those aged 4-5 (25%).
Source: Scottish Health Survey 2015
- The Scottish Government collects information on the experiences of people in relation to healthcare services through the Scottish inpatient and primary care experience surveys. Both patient and non-patient factors influence people’s experiences. While patient characteristics such as age and gender account for some of the variation in experiences, non-patient factors such as the individual GP practice, GP practice size, type of admission to hospital and individual hospital are also an important influence on experience.
- In the case of age, older patients were generally more likely to report a positive experience in both the primary care and inpatient surveys. However it is not clear how these differences can be explained, for example whether they can be accounted for by actual differences in the quality of care provided or different cultural expectations between population groups. For instance differences may be accounted for by lower expectations of quality of care among older people. More details can be found in these reports.
Source: Variations in the Experience of Inpatients in Scotland: Analysis of the 2010 Inpatient Survey
Variations in the Experiences of Primary Care Patients: Analysis of the Scottish Patient Experience Survey of GP and Local NHS Services 2011/12
- The average age of individuals experiencing a drug-related death has increased.
In 2009, over 35s made up half of drug-related deaths
By 2015, over 35s made up over two thirds of drug-related deaths (73%)
Source: Drug Related Deaths in Scotland in 2015
- General acute misuse hospital stays have increased for older age groups of drug users. The number and rate of older people admitted to hospital for drug misuse has increased. Amongst 40 - 44 year olds, there has been a fifteen-fold rise from 20 to 291 patients per 100,000 population between 1996/97 and 2015/16 (general acute).
- Drug-related psychiatric patient rates increased for older individuals. These more than doubled between 1997/98 and 2014/15 (from 34 to 82 patients per 100,000 population for 35-39 year olds, from 19 to 63 patients per 100,000 population for 40-44 year olds; and from 12 to 36 patients per 100,000 population for 45-49 year olds).
Source: Drug-Related Hospital Statistics Scotland 2015/16
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