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Statistics in more details

Image of police talking to members of the publicSummary: Age and Crime and Justice

Risk of Crime

  • The Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014-15 estimates that around one in seven (14.5%) adults aged 16 or over was the victim of at least one crime.

  • The risk of being a victim of any crime decreased with age. One fifth (20.4%) of 16 to 24 year olds were a victim of crime, compared with a 6.8% of those 60 or over.

  • The risk of being a victim of violent crime decreased with age. The risk of being a victim of violent crime was 6.0% for 16-24 year olds compared with 0.4% of those aged 60 or over.

    Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014-15

 

civil lawLegal System - Civil Law
  • 21% of adults had experienced at least one civil law problem in the last three years. Including:
    • 14% of adults had experienced problems with home, family or living arrangements;
    • 7% had experienced problems with money, finance or things they had paid for.

 

  • The most common civil law problem was with neighbours, which 9% had experienced, followed by problems to do with money & debt (3%) and problems to do with faulty goods or services (3%).

 

  • People aged over 60 are less likely to have experienced civil legal problems in the last three years than those in other age brackets (11% of those aged over 60, compared to 18% of those aged 16-24, 29% of those aged 25-44, and 24% of those aged 45-59).

 

  • In addition those aged over 60 tend to suffer from a fewer number of problem and dispute types: an average 1.37 types compared to 1.72 for those aged 16-24, 1.61 for those aged 25-44, and 1.49 for those aged 45-59[1]

Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014-15

 

[1] In the 2012-13 SCJS survey the civil justice problem and disputes types were reviewed and expanded to cover specific issues with child contact, education of children, partner behaviour, and divorce and separation.

 

  • Across all types of civil assistance in 2010-11 the most common age groups seeking assistance lie between the late 20’s through to the early 40’s (most commonly 27 to 31 years).

Source: Scottish Legal Aid Board, Single Equality Scheme: annual report 2011

This research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers.

scales of justiceLegal System - Criminal Law
  • The most common ages for criminal legal aid were 17 to 21 years. The age pattern for those applying for solemn legal aid is similar. 

Source: Scottish Legal Aid Board, Single Equality Scheme: annual report 2011

This research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers.

  • In 2006-07 the age with the highest conviction rate was for those aged 18-20 at 100 convictions per 1,000 population. Since 2006-07 the age with the highest conviction rate has shifted upwards. The highest conviction rate was for those aged 21-30 in 2015-16 and stood at 45 convictions per 1,000 population. Conviction rates by age follow similar trends for both males and females.

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2015-16

criminal justice social workCriminal Justice Social Work
  • Among the population aged 16 to 70 as a whole, there were 70 Criminal Justice Social Work Reports (CJSWRs) per 10,000 population in 2014-15. Reflecting the general age distribution of offenders, CJSWRs were most commonly submitted for young adults, particularly those aged 18 to 20 (157 per 10,000 population).
  • The incidence was also relatively high amongst 21 to 25 year olds (135 per 10,000 population) and 26 to 30 year olds (125 per 10,000 population).

Source: Criminal Justice Social Work Statistics 2014-15

Prison Population 

Age distribution of prisoners by gender: 30 June 2013

EEF - prison

 

  

Reconviction Rates

There has been a marked fall in the average number of reconvictions for offenders aged under 25 over the past decade. In 2005-06 the average number of reconvictions per offenders in the under 21 age group was 0.80 and it has decreased 20 per cent to 0.64 in 2013-14. In the same period the average number of reconvictions per offender for the 21 to 25 age group decreased by 26 per cent from 0.68 to 0.50.

More recently however, the reconviction rate for the under 21 age group has increased for the second time in a row, rising by nearly 2 percentage points from 33.4% in 2012-13 to 35.3% in 2014-15.

In contrast to the younger age groups, average numbers of reconvictions per offender for the older age groups have generally increased over the past decade. Between 2005-06 and 2014-15 the average number of reconvictions per offender for the 31 to 40 age group increased by 14 per cent from 0.49 to 0.56, and increased by 13 per cent for the over 40 age group from 0.31 to 0.35.

Average number of reconvictions per offender by age: 2005-06 and 2014-15 cohorts

rwc1

Source:  Reconviction Rates in Scotland: 2014-15 Offender Cohort

Recorded Crime

Sexual crimes known to involve children recorded by the police, 2015-16

Sexual crimes

Number of

crimes recorded

Rape or attempted rape of a child aged 13-15 225
Rape or attempted rape of a child aged under 13 121

Sexual assault against a child aged 13-15 years

462

Sexual assault against a child under 13 years

489

Lewd and libidinous practices 1,071

Other sexually coercive conduct against a child aged 13-15 years

350

Other sexually coercive conduct against a child under 13 years

460

Other sexual offences involving 13-15 year old children

485

Taking, distribution, possession etc. of indecent photos of children

645

Other sexual offences against children 60

Total

4,368

  • Whilst the specific age of the victim cannot generally be determined from the data supplied by Police Scotland, many of the sexual offence crime codes used by the Police to record crime make it clear when the victim was aged under 18 (for example, Sexual assault of older male child (13-15 years)). By adding up all those crime codes, we know that at least 43% of the 10,273 sexual offences recorded in 2015-16 by the police related to a victim under the age of 18.

Source : Recorded Crime in Scotland, 2015-16

Domestic abuse
  • In 2015-16, the 26-30 year old age group had the highest rate per 10,000 population for both victims (283 incidents of domestic abuse recorded by the police per 10,000 population) and perpetrators (272 incidents recorded per 10,000 population).

  • In 2015-16, female victims aged 26 to 30 had the highest rate (463) of incidents of domestic abuse recorded by the police per 10,000 population. Among male victims, the highest rate of incidents of domestic abuse recorded per 10,000 population in 2014-15, was for those aged, 31 to 35 years, where the rate was 106 incidents recorded per 10,000 population.

  • For perpetrators in 2015-16, the highest rate of incidents of domestic abuse per 10,000 population was amongst males aged 26-30 (447 incidents recorded per 10,000 population). Among female perpetrators, the highest rate of incidents of domestic abuse per 10,000 population in 2015-16 was by those aged 26 to 30 years old (100 incidents recorded per 10,000 population).

 Source: Domestic abuse recorded by the police in Scotland, 2015-16

National Performance Framework

National Performance Framework

Fifty National Indicators enable progress towards the achievement of the National Outcomes and ultimately the delivery of the Purpose to be tracked.

Indicators are chosen to show how the Scottish Government are progressing on the range of Outcomes. Equality breakdowns illustrate how protected groups are progressing towards achievement of the National Outcomes, particularly ‘we have tackled the significant inequalities in Scottish society’.

National Indicator number 29: Improve people's perceptions about the crime rate in their area, data tables

National Indicator number 30: Reduce reconviction rates, data tables

National Indicator number 31: Reduce crime victimisation rates, data tables

- progress against these National Indicators, broken down by Age, can be found under the 'What more do we know about the National indicator?' heading.

Publications and Outputs

External Links

Contacts

Contacts

Crime and Justice
justiceanalysts@gov.scot

Telephone
0131 244 2927