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Email
equality-and-poverty-analysis@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

Post
Equality, Poverty & Welfare Analysis Team
Communities Analytical Services
Scottish Government
1F North Victoria Quay
Edinburgh EH6 6QQ

Summary: Crime and Justice

Image of police talking to members of the publicSummary: Crime and Justice

Age

Risk of Crime

 

  • Over the past 10 years the gap between the number of convictions per 1,000 population for younger people compared to older people has become smaller. This has been driven by a fall in the number of convictions per 1,000 population for younger people, whilst the rate for older people (aged 31 or above) has remained relatively stable.

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2015-16

 

  • Offenders under the age of 21 had the highest reconviction rate of all the age groups (35.3%) in 2014-15. They also had the highest average number of reconvictions per offender (0.64). This was 14% higher than for the age group with the second highest average number of reconvictions per offender, which was the 31 to 40 age category at 0.56.

Source: Reconviction Rates in Scotland: 2014-15 Offender Cohort

Useful Links

Age and Crime and Justice Page

Age Page

Disability
  • Disabled people are no more likely to be victim of crime than non-disabled people (rates of around 15% for each in 2014-15).

  • Disabled people are less likely to feel safe walking alone in their neighbourhood after dark (57% compared to 78% of those with no disability)

Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014-15

 

Useful Links

Disability and Crime and Justice Page

Disability Page

Ethnicity
  • 1 in 3 people from a minority ethnic group experienced civil law problems over a five year period compared to 1 in 4 for the general population.

Source: The Experience of Civil Law Problems in Scotland 1997-2004

 

  • In 2013-14, where the ethnicity of the victim/complainer was known, those with a ‘Pakistani’ ethnic background were the most likely to be the victim/complainer of a racist incident recorded by the police with 224.2 victims/complainers per 10,000 population. This was followed by ‘African, Caribbean or Other Black’ with 189.9 victims/complainers recorded per 10,000 population. The Scottish average across all ethnic backgrounds was 10.6 victims/complainers per 10,000 population.

Source: Racist Incidents Recorded by the Police in Scotland, 2013-14

 

Useful Links

Ethnicity and Crime and Justice Page

Ethnicity Page

Gender
  • The risk of being a victim of any crime was slightly higher for men than for women. 15.6% of men had been the victim of at least one crime compared with 13.6% of women.

Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014-15

 

  • Males accounted for 83 per cent of all convictions in 2015-16 (where the gender was known), unchanged from 2014-15. More males than females were convicted in all crime/offence categories except for offences associated with prostitution (63% of all convictions were for females).

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2015-16

 

  • Between 2015-16 and 2016-17, the average daily prison population fell by 1.2% to 7,185 for men, while the female prison population fell by 9% to 366.

Source: Scottish Prison Service annual reports

 

  • Continuing a persistent long-term trend, males have higher reconviction rates and a higher average number of reconvictions per offender than females. The average number of reconvictions per offender for the 2014-15 cohort was 0.51 for males, and 0.44 for females. The reconviction rates were 29.2% for males and 23.4% for females.

Source: Reconviction Rates in Scotland: 2014-15 Offender Cohort

 

Useful Links

Gender and Crime and Justice Page

Gender Page

Religion
  • Of charges with religious aggravations reported to the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Services (COPFS) in 2016-17, 384 (57%) charges referred to incidents which were derogatory to Roman Catholicism and 165 (25%) were derogatory towards Protestantism. There were 113 charges which referred to conduct which was derogatory to Islam and 23 were derogatory towards Judaism.

Source: Religiously Aggravated Offending in Scotland 2016-17 

 

  • Over half (51%) of offenders in custody in 2011-12 were either Church of Scotland (29%) or Roman Catholic (22%). Roman Catholics however make up only 16% of the population of Scotland. Forty percent of offenders in custody say they do not have a religion. This proportion of ‘no religion’ was higher for women offenders (50%) than men offenders (39%).

Source: Prison statistics and population projections Scotland: 2011-12

 

Useful Links

Religion and Crime and Justice Page

Religion Page

Sexual Orientation
  • Offence aggravation data show that in 2015-16, 368 people were convicted in Scottish courts of an offence with an associated sexual orientation aggravation. The majority of these were for charges of breach of the peace.

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2015-16 (Table 13)

 

Useful Links

Sexual Orientation and Crime and Justice Page

Sexual Orientation Page

Transgender
  • Offence aggravation data show that in 2015-16,7 people were convicted in Scottish courts of an offence with an associated transgender aggravation. The majority of these were for charges of breach of the peace.

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2015-16 (Table 13)

 

  • 25% of respondents stated that they had to move out of their home (often ending up homeless) due to the transphobic reactions of their families, flatmates or neighbours.
  • 62% of respondents stated that they had experienced transphobic harassment from strangers in public places who perceived them to be transgender: mostly this took the form of verbal abuse but 31% experienced transphobic threatening behaviour, 17% experienced transphobic physical assault and 4% experienced transphobic sexual assault.

Source: Transgender Experience in Scotland

This research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers.

 

Useful Links

Transgender and Crime and Justice Page

Transgender Page

National Performance Framework

National Performance Framework

Fifty National Indicators enable progress towards the achievement of the National Outcomes and ultimately the delivery of the Purpose to be tracked.

Indicators are chosen to show how the Scottish Government are progressing on the range of Outcomes. Equality breakdowns illustrate how protected groups are progressing towards achievement of the National Outcomes, particularly ‘we have tackled the significant inequalities in Scottish society’

Where available, equality breakdowns of progress against these National Indicators can be found under the 'What more do we know about the National indicator?' heading.

Improve people's perceptions about the crime rate in their area, Data Tables (including Age)

Reduce reconviction rates, Data Tables (including Age and Gender, in the second and third tabs)

Reduce crime victimisation rates, Data Tables (including Age)

Publications and Outputs

Data

Data

Scottish Crime and Justice Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive.

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site.

Equality and Human Rights Commission 2011 Hidden in Plain Sight - Report of the EHRC's inquiry into disability-related harassment.

Scottish Legal Aid Board, Single Equality Scheme: annual report 2011

Transgender Experience in Scotland (2008)

Scottish Prison Service annual reports

Statistics in more details

Contacts

If you have any enquiries relating to Crime and Justice Statistics then please contact us at:

Email
justiceanalysts@gov.scot

 

 

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