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Email
equality-and-poverty-analysis@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

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Equality, Poverty & Welfare Analysis Team
Communities Analytical Services
Scottish Government
1F North Victoria Quay
Edinburgh EH6 6QQ

Summary: Crime and Justice

Image of police talking to members of the publicSummary: Crime and Justice

Age

Risk of Crime

  • The likelihood of being a victim of any crime decreased with age. Just under one fifth (19.5%) of 16 to 24 year olds were a victim of crime in 2016/17, compared with 7.2% of those 60 or over.

Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2016-17 (Last updated: March 2018)

 
 
  • In 2007-08 the age with the highest conviction rate was for those aged 18-20 at 97 convictions per 1,000 population. Since 2007-08, the age with the highest conviction rate has shifted upwards. The highest conviction rate was for those aged 21-30 in 2016-17 and stood at 41 convictions per 1,000 population. Conviction rates by age follow similar trends for both males and females.

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2016-17 (Last updated: February 2018)

 
  • Offenders under the age of 21 had the highest reconviction rate of all the age groups (35.3%) in 2014-15. They also had the highest average number of reconvictions per offender (0.64). This was 14% higher than for the age group with the second highest average number of reconvictions per offender, which was the 31 to 40 age category at 0.56.

Source: Reconviction Rates in Scotland: 2014-15 Offender Cohort (Last updated: May 2017)

 

Useful Links

Age and Crime and Justice Page

Age Page

Disability
  • Disabled people were more likely to have experienced crime in 2016/17 than non-disabled people. An estimated 16.8% of disabled people were victims of at least one crime, compared to 12.5% of non-disabled people.

Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2016-17 (Last updated: March 2018)

 
 

Useful Links

Disability and Crime and Justice Page

Disability Page

Ethnicity
  • In 2013-14, where the ethnicity of the victim/complainer was known, those with a ‘Pakistani’ ethnic background were the most likely to be the victim/complainer of a racist incident recorded by the police with 224.2 victims/complainers per 10,000 population. This was followed by ‘African, Caribbean or Other Black’ with 189.9 victims/complainers recorded per 10,000 population. The Scottish average across all ethnic backgrounds was 10.6 victims/complainers per 10,000 population.

Source: Racist Incidents Recorded by the Police in Scotland, 2013-14 (Last updated: November 2015)

 

Useful Links

Ethnicity and Crime and Justice Page

Ethnicity Page

Gender
  • There was no significant difference in the proportion of men and women who were victims of crime in 2016/17, at 13.9% and 13.0% respectively.

Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2016-17 (Last updated: March 2018)

 
  • Males accounted for 83 per cent of all people convicted in but represented a higher proportion of all custodial sentences (92 per cent) totalling 11,656 men.

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2016-17 (Last updated: February 2018)

 
  • Between 2015-16 and 2016-17, the average daily prison population fell by 1.2% to 7,185 for men, while the female prison population fell by 9% to 366.

Source: Scottish Prison Service annual reports

 

  • Continuing a persistent long-term trend, males have higher reconviction rates and a higher average number of reconvictions per offender than females. The average number of reconvictions per offender for the 2014-15 cohort was 0.51 for males, and 0.44 for females. The reconviction rates were 29.2% for males and 23.4% for females.

Source: Reconviction Rates in Scotland: 2014-15 Offender Cohort (Last updated: May 2017)

 
Victims of homicide
  • In 2016-17, three quarters (75%) of victims of homicide were male with female victims making up the remaining quarter (25%). This has remained relatively unchanged over the past ten years.

Source:  Homicide in Scotland, 2016-17 (Last updated: October 2017)

 

Useful Links

Gender and Crime and Justice Page

Gender Page

Religion
  • Of charges with religious aggravations reported to the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Services (COPFS) in 2016-17, 384 (57%) charges referred to incidents which were derogatory to Roman Catholicism and 165 (25%) were derogatory towards Protestantism. There were 113 charges which referred to conduct which was derogatory to Islam and 23 were derogatory towards Judaism.

Source: Religiously aggravated offending in Scotland 2016-17 (Last updated: June 2017)

 
  • Over half (51%) of offenders in custody in 2011-12 were either Church of Scotland (29%) or Roman Catholic (22%). Roman Catholics however make up only 16% of the population of Scotland. Forty percent of offenders in custody say they do not have a religion. This proportion of ‘no religion’ was higher for women offenders (50%) than men offenders (39%).

Source: Prison statistics and population projections Scotland: 2011-12 (Published: June 2012)

 

Useful Links

Religion and Crime and Justice Page

Religion Page

Sexual Orientation
  • Offence aggravation data indicate that in 2016-17, 356 people were convicted in Scottish courts of an offence with an associated sexual orientation aggravation. Nearly 87% of these were for charges of breach of the peace.

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2016-17 (Table 13. Last updated: February 2018)

 

Useful Links

Sexual Orientation and Crime and Justice Page

Sexual Orientation Page

Transgender
  • Offence aggravation data indicate that in 2016-17, 14 people were convicted in Scottish courts of an offence with an associated transgender aggravation. Thirteen of these were for charges of breach of the peace.

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2016-17 (Table 13. Last updated: February 2018)

 
  • 25% of respondents stated that they had to move out of their home (often ending up homeless) due to the transphobic reactions of their families, flatmates or neighbours.
  • 62% of respondents stated that they had experienced transphobic harassment from strangers in public places who perceived them to be transgender: mostly this took the form of verbal abuse but 31% experienced transphobic threatening behaviour, 17% experienced transphobic physical assault and 4% experienced transphobic sexual assault.

External Source: Transgender Experience in Scotland (Published: 2013, Scottish Transgender Alliance)

This research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers.

 

Useful Links

Transgender and Crime and Justice Page

Transgender Page

National Performance Framework

National Performance Framework

Fifty National Indicators enable progress towards the achievement of the National Outcomes and ultimately the delivery of the Purpose to be tracked.

Indicators are chosen to show how the Scottish Government are progressing on the range of Outcomes. Equality breakdowns illustrate how protected groups are progressing towards achievement of the National Outcomes, particularly ‘we have tackled the significant inequalities in Scottish society’

Where available, equality breakdowns of progress against these National Indicators can be found under the 'What more do we know about the National indicator?' heading.

Improve people's perceptions about the crime rate in their area, Data Tables (including Age)

Reduce reconviction rates, Data Tables (including Age and Gender, in the second and third tabs)

Reduce crime victimisation rates, Data Tables (including Age)

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Police Officer Quarterly Strength (May 2018) Statistics on the number of full-time equivalent police officers in Scotland.

Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2016-17 (March 2018) A large-scale social survey which asks people about their experiences and perceptions of crime. Includes statistics by age, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion, and sexual orientation

Criminal Justice Social Work Statistics 2016-17 (February 2018) National level information on criminal justice social work activity in Scotland, including CJSW reports and social work orders. Includes breakdowns by age, ethnicity and gender

Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2016-17 (February 2018) Statistics are presented on criminal proceedings concluded in Scottish courts and on a range of measures available as alternatives to prosecution. Covers convictions by age and gender, as well as crimes with disability, racial, religious, sexual orientation, transgender aggravators.

Domestic abuse recorded by the police in Scotland, 2016-17 (October 2017) Characteristics of victims and perpetrators of domestic abuse incidents recorded by the police in Scotland. Includes analysis by age and gender

Recorded Crime in Scotland, 2016-17 (September 2017) This bulletin presents statistics on crimes and offences recorded and cleared up by the police in Scotland, disaggregated by crime/offence group and by local authority. Includes statistics on racially aggravated offences

Religiously aggravated offending in Scotland 2016-17 (June 2017) Analysis about the nature of the religiously aggravated offending charges, the accused and the victims of incidents. Includes age and gender of the accused

Reconviction Rates in Scotland: 2014-15 Offender Cohort (May 2017) This publication provides analyses of trends in reconviction statistics up to the latest cohort of 2014-15. Breakdowns are available by age and gender

Prison statistics and population projections Scotland 2013/14 (December 2015) This publication shows data on Scottish prison population levels and characteristics, receptions to/liberations from Scottish prisons, and international comparisons

Racist Incidents Recorded by the Police in Scotland, 2013-14 (November 2015) This bulletin presents statistics on racist incidents recorded by Police Scotland in 2013-14.

Fire and Rescue Statistics Scotland - Statistical reports produced by the Scottish Fire and Rescue Services. Includes number of staff by age, ethnicity and gender

Data

Data

Scottish Government Survey Data

Scottish Crime and Justice Survey - Scottish Crime and Justice Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

LGBT in Britain: Trans Report (Stonewall, January 2018) Report based on research with 871 trans and non-binary people within the UK. It covers hate crime, discrimination, work, higher education, healthcare and housing

How Fair is Britain?: Report of EHRC first triennial review (EHRC, 2011) This Equality and Human Rights review aims to provide an authoritative compilation of the available evidence about equalities in England, Scotland and Wales against 40 indicators agreed by the Commission, the government and other key agencies. It brings together the facts about the experiences and outcomes in life of different individuals and groups. It draws on a range of sources including censuses, government surveys, academic work, and secondary analysis carried out especially for this Review.

Fire and Rescue Statistics Scotland (Fire Scotland) Statistical reports produced by the Scottish Fire and Rescue Services. Includes number of staff by age, ethnicity and gender

Statistics in more details

Contacts

If you have any enquiries relating to Crime and Justice Statistics then please contact us at:

Email
justiceanalysts@gov.scot

 

 

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