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Email
equality-and-poverty-analysis@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

Post
Equality, Poverty & Welfare Analysis Team
Communities Analytical Services
Scottish Government
1F North Victoria Quay
Edinburgh EH6 6QQ

Summary: Business, Enterprise and Tourism

Summary: Business and Enterprise

Age
  • In 2014, more than 1 in 3 of small to medium-sized enterprise employers in Scotland fell in the 45 to 54 age category (34%). The two next largest categories were the 55 to 64 (22%) and 35 to 44 (19%) age categories.  The proportion in the under 35 and 65 and over age groups were smaller at 11% each.
  • Between 2012 and 2014 the proportion of small to medium-sized enterprise employers in the 55 to 64 age group decreased markedly, and there were also small decreases in the under 35 and 35 to 44 cohorts.  Increases were seen however in the 45 to 54 and 65 and over cohorts.

           Percentage of SME Employers by Age Band, 2012 and 2014

Source: Small Business Survey 2012, Small Business Survey 2014 (More recent data is currently unavailable. Last updated: March 2015)

 

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Age and Business and Enterprise Page

Age Page

Disability
  • Self-employment rates tend to be higher for disabled people. In 2016, the self-employment rate for disabled people was 15% compared to 12% for non-disabled people.

Source: Regional Employment Patterns in Scotland: Statistics from the Annual Population Survey 2016 (Last updated: May 2017)

 

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Disability and Business and Enterprise Page

Disability Page

Ethnicity
  • Self-employment rates tend to be higher for minority ethnic groups. In 2016, the self-employment rate for ethnic minorities was 16% compared to 13% for those of white ethnic origin.

Source: Regional Employment Patterns in Scotland: Statistics from the Annual Population Survey 2016 (Last updated: May 2017)

 

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Ethnicity and Business and Enterprise Page

Ethnicity Page

Gender
  • Out of the 327,200 self-employed people in Scotland in 2016, 112,900 were women (35%) while 214,400 were men (65%).  Female self-employment has increased over recent years, from 76,000 in 2007 to 112,900 in 2016, representing a rise of 49%. Although male self-employment also experienced a rise over the same time period, it was significantly smaller at 14%.

Male and Female Self-Employment Rates, 2007-2016

Source: Regional Employment Patterns in Scotland: Statistics from the Annual Population Survey 2016 (Last updated: May 2017)

 

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Gender and Business and Enterprise Page

Gender Page

Religion
  • In 2011, the proportion of all people (16 years+) in employment who were self-employed was highest for the following religion groups: Jewish (28%), Sikhs (27%) and Muslim (26%). By comparison, self-employment rates were substantially lower for the following religion groups: No religion (12%), Hindu (11%) and Roman Catholic which had the lowest self-employment rate at 10%.

Source: Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census - Part 2 (Published: March 2015)

 

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Religion and Business and Enterprise Page

Religion Page

Sexual Orientation

The Scottish Government does not currently have information on the position of gay, lesbian and bisexual people in relation to business, enterprise and tourism.

Transgender

The Scottish Government does not currently have information on the position of transgender people in relation to business, enterprise and tourism.

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Small Business Survey Scotland 2016 (August 2017) Findings from the Longitudinal Small Business Survey. It outlines the key characteristics of small and medium-sized enterprises with employees, in Scotland. Includes statistics on ethnicity and gender

Regional Employment Patterns in Scotland: Statistics from the Annual Population Survey 2016 (May 2017) Summary publication of results from the Annual Population Survey, presenting analysis on the labour market, education and training. The main publication contains data on age, disability, ethnicity and gender, with further equalities analysis found in the Supplementary Local Authority Tables.

Data

Data

Annual Population Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive.

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

Stonewall Scotland Workplace Equality Index 2017 (Stonewall Scotland, 2017) An annual report measuring workplace inclusivity of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans employees, including staff survey results

Female FTSE Index (Cranfield School of Management) An annual report on the gender balance of executive directors on boards of the UK's top 100 companies

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (University of Strathclyde) An annual report published by the Hunter Centre for Entrepreneurship at the University of Strathclyde, on entrepreneurship within Scotland and the UK.

Small Business Survey reports (Department for Business, Innovation and Skills) A collection of UK small business survey reports. The surveys for 2012 and 2014 contain a breakdown for Scotland by age

Statistics in more details

Contacts

Business and Enterprise

industrystatistics@gov.scot