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Description of crisis

The 2010 Pakistan floods began in late July 2010, resulting from heavy monsoon rains in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, Punjab and Balochistan regions of Pakistan and affected the Indus River basin. The floods covered an area of approximately 796,095 square kilometres (one-fifth of Pakistan's total land area.)  The floods directly affected about 20 million people, mostly by destruction of property, livelihood and infrastructure, with a death toll of close to 2,000.

Flag of Pakistan


On 2 September 2010, Scotland’s First Minister Alex Salmond announced total funding of over £1.2 million to assist Scottish-based organisations operating in Pakistan comprising emergency funding of £807,000 for humanitarian aid, and over £400,000 of development funding.  The funding was allocated to a total of 15 organisations including Islamic Relief, Concern Worldwide, Christian Aid, Save the Children, University of Glasgow, UCare Foundation, SCIAF, MercyCorps, Oxfam, CBM, British Red Cross, Sightsavers, Healing Wounds, Islamic Centre Glasgow and Edinburgh Direct Aid.  A full list of the projects funded is available.

The funding announcement complemented an earlier event at Glasgow Airport on 19 August where the Minister for Culture & External Affairs and the Consul General of Pakistan sent off a package of aid from the Scottish Government.

Map of Pakistan

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      sent off a package of aid

Case Study

Concern Worldwide – Emergency Relief in Pakistan

Urgent humanitarian needs of targeted flood-affected families were met with dignity through the timely provision of life saving emergency assistance. Provision of non-food and food items helped targeted beneficiaries in coping with the loss of essential household assets and with hunger/malnutrition at a critical time when local markets and supply chains were totally disrupted.  

The project staff carried out beneficiary selection/registration with the involvement of affected communities with dry food items supplied to a total of the 1000 most vulnerable families.  450 families were supplied with essential non food items such as mosquito nets, blankets, hygiene kits and jerry cans and 215 families were provided with debris clearance kits for the removal of debris from their destroyed/damaged houses to allow them to rebuild their lives.

Shamir Khan, Jumonkaloi Village, Jamshoro District, Sindh Province, Pakistan

When the floods hit Sindh province in August 2010, the small village of Jumonkaloi in Jamshoro District was almost completely ruined. They lost their homes, their crops and all their belongings.

Before the floods hit the villagers were busy cultivating the land of different landlords as well as one or two acres of their own. They were successful in growing cotton, vegetables and chillies but when the water came they lost everything. Now there is no cultivation on the landlords’ land and they are reliant on the few acres they own themselves.

When Concern’s partner, Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum (PFF), visited the village they saw that the biggest priority was safe water. The previous water pump was destroyed in the floods and villagers, mainly women and young girls, were walking long distances to collect clean water from a neighbouring village.

 A water committee was established in the village to decide where the new pump should be and to agree a memorandum of understanding between the villagers and PFF, outlining the roles and responsibilities of each party. The water committee is fully responsible for the maintenance of the pump, ensuring its upkeep and meaning that the village will have access to safe water for as long as possible.

Shamir Khan, President of the water committee explained that of the 20 committee members, five were female. They decided where the pump was to be as they collect the water.  

Shamir says: “We are praying for Concern because you installed the hand pump. Now we don’t need to travel to get water.”