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Mapping Flood Disadvantage in Scotland

On 23 December 2015 we published research to identify and map the neighbourhoods in Scotland that would be most disadvantaged by flooding. The research identifies the personal, social and environmental factors that make people vulnerable to flooding, and maps the neighbourhoods in Scotland that could be most disadvantaged by flooding.

You can find the research summary here.

You can find the main report here.

You can find the methodology report here.

You can access the flood disadvantage maps here.

And a short guide on how to use the maps here.

You can also access the dataset used to determine flood vulnerability here.

And the dataset user guide here.

Natural Flood Management - Assessing the mechanisms for compensating land managers

The Scottish Government commissioned Risk & Policy Analysts (RPA), in association with Royal HaskoningDHV and Allathan Associates, to conduct a study looking at compensation mechanisms for land managers who allow natural flood management measures to be implemented on their land.  The study has produced four papers which are linked to below.

The research summary paper can be found here.

The technical report can be found here.

The case study report can be found here.

Guidance for local authorities can be found here.

Assessing the Flood Risk Management Benefits of Property Level Protection

The Scottish Government commissioned JBA Consulting to carry out research to assess the flood risk management benefits of property level flood protection. The final evidence and technical reports are published below. JBA has also written a ‘blueprint’ for setting up a local authority led scheme.

The Evidence Summary is published here.

The Technical Report is published here.

The Blueprint Report is published here.

Flood Insurance Provision and Affordability. Beyond the Statement of Principles: Implications for Scotland

The Scottish Government commissioned the University of Dundee through CREW to undertake a research project, to assess the possible social implications that may follow the end of the Scottish Statement of Principles on the provision of Flood Insurance in 2013. Full Details

Landowner Compensation and Approaches for Flood Protection Work

The Scottish Government commissioned the land management firm Smiths Gore to undertake a research project, which assesses different approaches to compensating landowners for allowing their land to be used for flood risk management (FRM) purposes. Full Details

The Eddleston Water Project

This study led by the Tweed Forum, part funded by the Scottish Government, investigated the potential to restore and enhance the Eddleston Water to benefit the local community and wildlife. Full Details

For further information please visit the Eddleston Water Project.


In late 2004, the Scottish Government with its counterparts in 10 European countries formed  the CRUE network established and funded as a European Research Area Network (ERANet) under the 6th EU Framework Programme.  Its aim was to consolidate existing European flood research programmes and projects, promote best practice and identify gaps and opportunities for collaboration. The vision for the CRUE network was to provide a coordinated and comprehensive transnational evidence base on flood risk management.

The CRUE partners designed two joint calls for research funding, where the universal applicability of strategies and methods as well as the trans-boundary relevance were central criteria for the selection of research bids.

The first CRUE funding initiative centred on risk assessment and risk management. Key research results and conclusions of the seven funded projects were published in a Synthesis Report in 2009.

The 2nd funding initiative focused on flood resilient communities and managing the consequences of flooding. It consists of seven research projects and a scientific coordination project at a cost of €2.35 million. Details of all the research projects, their key findings and recommendations for policymakers, practitioners and researchers are summarised in this Synthesis Report.

One of the selected research projects was Understanding Uncertainty and Risk in communicating about floods (UR-Flood) led by the James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen in collaboration with research partners in Ireland, Finland, Italy and England.

Formal funding from the European Union for the ERA-Net CRUE ended in October 2009.  Nevertheless, since this time the CRUE partners have continued to cooperate and fund the second joint research initiative to its completion.

ERA-Net CRUE has now published the Synthesis Report addressing the key findings of 2nd CRUE Funding Initiative related to Flood resilient communities – managing the consequences of flooding.  This report aims to synthesise the results and recommendations of the seven research projects funded through the 2nd Funding Initiative.  It provides an overview of the methods and approaches that were developed and identifies key findings that may be helpful for implementation of the Flood Risk Management (Scotland) Act 2009.  Recommendations for practitioners and decision-makers are also summarised in this report.

The Synthesis Report and more detailed information on findings and recommendations can be found in the individual project reports published by CRUE. Full Details.