The great majority of the UK's oil production and around half of its gas production comes from fields based in the continental shelf around Scotland, and mines in Scotland are responsible for around a quarter of the UK's coal production.
Scotland is estimated to have 60 GW of renewable energy resources - the equivalent of three-quarters of the UK's installed electricity generating capacity. Around 20 per cent of the electricity generated in Scotland is exported to the rest of the UK.
Scotland has two coal-fired power stations, Longannet and Cockenzie, which are both owned by Scottish Power. Together, the two stations provide approximately 33% of Scotland's electricity.