10 Energy Pledges
The Scottish Government announced 10 Energy Pledges on February 2, 2009 as part of a Greener Deal for Scotland. The Pledges form a coherent approach to energy issues in Scotland. The actions - ranging across key areas of energy generation and transmission, energy efficiency and transport - are focused on addressing both short and longer term opportunities for Scotland to benefit from competitive advantage. They are aimed at creating new jobs, reducing emissions and saving households and businesses money, thereby contributing to economic recovery and growth and to addressing climate change.
The Pledges support the key themes of the Update on the Scottish Economic Recovery Programme, published on 15 June: jobs and communities; education and skills; and innovation and industries of the future. In May the Scottish Government published a Key Sector Paper which shows that Scotland's energy sector is making a significant contribution to economic recovery and green jobs. For example:
- energy sector employment (excluding renewables) rose 10% between 2006 and 2007 to 40,700, which represents 23% of GB energy sector total
- renewables account for at least 3,000 renewables jobs in Scotland, with potential for at least 16,000 new jobs over the next decade
- around 10,000 jobs are estimated in clean fossil fuels and carbon capture and storage in Scotland
- Scotland exported around 17% of its electricity 2000-2007
The Climate Change (Scotland) Bill (as passed) sets a statutory emissions reduction target of at least 80% by 2050 and a 2020 target of 42%, with a requirement to seek expert advice from the UK Committee on Climate Change on the highest achievable 2020 target for Scotland and amend the 42% target accordingly. The Scottish Government is a partner in the delivery of the UK's Climate Change Act 2008 which also sets an 80% target by 2050.
The Climate Change Delivery Plan, published on 17 June 2009, identified 4 transformational outcomes which will need to be substantially delivered by 2030 to put Scotland on the correct pathway to meet the 2050 target. The Energy Pledges support 3 of these outcomes:
- a largely decarbonised electricity generation sector by 2030, primarily using renewable sources for electricity generation with other electricity generation from fossil fuelled plants utilising carbon capture and storage
- a largely de-carbonised heat sector by 2050 with significant progress by 2030 through a combination of reduced demand and energy efficiency, together with a massive increase in the use of renewable or low carbon heating
- almost complete decarbonisation of road transport by 2050 with significant progress by 2030 through wholesale adoption of electric cars and vans and significant decarbonisation of rail by 2050
Underpinning these transformational outcomes is the need to give primacy to cost effective demand reduction and energy efficiency across all sectors. Delivery of the 10 Energy Pledges will make a vital contribution to delivering a low carbon economy.
On 22 March 2010, the 'Towards a Low Carbon Economy for Scotland' discussion paper was published. This discussion paper sets out the Scottish Government's plans to move towards a low carbon economy in Scotland, as part of the overarching Government Economic Strategy. It identifies the key dimensions of a transition strategy towards a low carbon economy, describes our approach and timeframe to develop the strategy and seeks to engage key stakeholders in the strategy process. An Appendix paper has been produced to complement the discussion paper, as part of the Government's overarching Economic Strategy. It summarises key developments across the energy sector, which is leading the way towards a low carbon future.