Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a means of drawing together, in a systematic way, an assessment of the likely significant environmental effects arising from a proposed development.
Developments falling within a description in Schedule 1 to the 2011 EIA Regulations always require EIA. Development of a type listed in Schedule 2 to the 2011 EIA Regulations will require EIA if it is likely to have a significant effect on the environment, by virtue of factors such as its size, nature or location.
- The requirement for EIA comes from European Directive 2011/92/EU.
- In Scotland, the EIA Directive has been brought into Scottish law through a number of Scottish Statutory Instruments relevant to individual consenting regimes. These pages relate to the Town and Country Planning EIA regime - information on other Scottish EIA regimes is available.
Agreement reached on EIA Directive: The newly amended Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive (2014/52/EU) entered into force on May 15, 2014. Member States have to apply these rules from May 16, 2017 at the latest. More information here.