The Scottish TIMES model has been used to develop the Climate Change Plan and the Scottish Energy Strategy. It is a whole-system energy model that provides high-level, strategic insight into the evolution of energy and emissions flows across the Scottish economy.
Scottish TIMES belongs to a group of models that examine long-term energy dynamics and are ideally suited for the preparation of emissions reduction strategies, such as the Climate Change Plan. The application of Scottish TIMES ensures our climate change planning captures the complex interactions between and within sectors.
TIMES identifies the least-cost pathway for meeting our climate change targets and energy demands. The pathway is informed by sector models and includes a suggested mix of technologies, fuels and other carbon abatement measures for meeting our targets, as well as a set of carbon envelopes that indicate a potential future pathway for emissions within sectors.
This annex provides an overview of the TIMES approach; it details the model development between the draft and final Climate Change Plans; and outlines the data inputs to the model, the constraints applied and the results by sector.