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Scottish Health Survey 2016: Volume 1: Main Report

Description
ISBN9781788512763
Official Print Publication Date
Website Publication DateOctober 03, 2017

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A National Statistics Publication for Scotland

ISBN 978 1 78851 276 3 (Web publication only)
PPDAS 291526

This document is also available in pdf format (5.5 MB)

The tables for Chapter 1: Alcohol is also available in excel format (181 KB)
The tables for Chapter 2: Smoking is also available in excel format (202 KB)
The tables for Chapter 3: Physical Activity is also available in excel format (170 KB)
The tables for Chapter 4: Diet is also available in excel format (164 KB)
The tables for Chapter 5: Obesity is also available in excel format (260 KB)
The tables for Chapter 6: Multiple Risks is also available in excel format (50 KB)
The tables for Chapter 7: General Health And Caring is also available in excel format (149 KB)
The tables for Chapter 8: Mental Health And Wellbeing is also available in excel format (179 KB)
The tables for Chapter 9: Cardiovascular Conditions And Diabetes is also available in excel format (181 KB)
The tables for Chapter 10: Respiratory Health is also available in excel format (244 KB)

Editors:
Joanne McLean1, Shanna Christie1 and Linsay Gray3.

Principal authors:
Diana Bardsley1, Alice Calder2, Eilidh Currie1, Linsay Gray3, Suzanne Hill4, Alastair H Leyland3, Ian Montagu1, Keeva Rooney4, Anna Terje1.

1 ScotCen Social Research, Edinburgh.
2 University of Edinburgh.
3 MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow.
4 NatCen Social Research, London.

Contents

Editors’ Acknowledgements

Foreword from the Chief Medical Officer

Introduction

Notes to Tables

Chapter 1: Alcohol
1.1 Introduction
1.1.1 Policy background
1.1.2 Measuring alcohol consumption in surveys
1.1.3 Reporting on alcohol consumption in the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS)
1.1.4 Comparability with other UK statistics
1.2 Methods and definitions
1.2.1 Methods
1.2.2 Calculating alcohol consumption in SHeS
1.2.3 Age-standardised estimates for weekly alcohol consumption
1.2.4 Definitions
1.3 Usual Weekly Alcohol Consumption
1.3.1 Trends in usual weekly alcohol consumption since 2003
1.3.2 Usual weekly alcohol consumption in 2016, by age and sex
1.3.3 Usual weekly alcohol consumption in 2016, by area deprivation
1.4 Alcohol consumption on the heaviest drinking day in last week
1.4.1 Trends since 2003 in alcohol consumption on the heaviest drinking day in last week
1.4.2 Alcohol consumption on the heaviest drinking day in last week for 2015/2016 combined
1.5 Number of days on which drank alcohol in the past week
1.5.1 Trends since 2003 in the number of days on which adults drank alcohol in the past week
1.5.2 The number of days on which adults drank alcohol in the past week for 2015/2016 combined
1.5.3 The number of days on which adults drank alcohol in the past week, by area deprivation for 2015/2016 combined

Table 1.1 Estimated usual weekly alcohol consumption level, 2003 to 2016
Table 1.2 Estimated usual weekly alcohol consumption level, 2016 by age and sex
Table 1.3 Estimated usual weekly alcohol consumption level (age-standardised), 2016, by area deprivation and sex
Table 1.4 Estimated units consumed on heaviest drinking day, 2003 to 2016
Table 1.5 Units consumed on heaviest drinking day, 2015/2016 combined, by age and sex
Table 1.6 Number of days on which adults drank alcohol in the past week, 2003 to 2016
Table 1.7 Number of days on which adults drank alcohol in the past week, 2015/2016 combined, by age and sex
Table 1.8 Number of days on which adults drank alcohol in the past week (age-standardised), 2015/2016 combined, by area deprivation and sex

Chapter 2: Smoking
2.1 Introduction
2.1.1 Policy background
2.1.2 Reporting on smoking in the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS)
2.1.3 Comparability with other UK statistics
2.1.4 Adolescent smoking in Scotland
2.2 Methods and definitions
2.2.1 Methods of collecting data on smoking behaviour
2.2.2 Questions on smoking behaviour
2.2.3 Definitions
2.3 Cigarette smoking status
2.3.1 Trends in cigarette smoking status since 2003
2.3.2 Cigarette smoking status in 2016, by age and sex
2.3.3 Cigarette smoking status by area deprivation (age-standardised), 2013-2016 combined
2.3.4. Cigarette smoking status by BMI (age-standardised), 2013-2016 combined
2.4 E-Cigarette use
2.4.1 E-cigarette use in 2014 to 2016
2.5 Exposure to second-hand smoke
2.5.1 Trends in non-smokers' exposure to second-hand smoke
2.5.2 Non-smokers' exposure to second-hand smoke (age-standardised) by area deprivation in 2016
2.5.3 Children’s exposure to second-hand smoke since 2012
2.5.4. Children's exposure to second-hand smoke by area deprivation in 2016

Table 2.1 Cigarette smoking status, 2003 to 2016
Table 2.2 Cigarette smoking status, 2016, by age and sex
Table 2.3 Cigarette smoking status (age-standardised), 2013-2016 combined, by area deprivation and sex
Table 2.4a Cigarette smoking status (age-standardised), 2013-2016 combined by BMI and sex
Table 2.4b Mean number of cigarettes smoked per current smoker per day (age-standardised), 2013-2016 combined, by body mass index (BMI) and sex
Table 2.5 E-cigarette use, 2014 to 2016, by age and sex
Table 2.6 Non-smokers’ exposure to second-hand smoke, 2003 to 2016
Table 2.7 Non-smokers' exposure to second-hand smoke (age-standardised), 2016, by area deprivation and sex
Table 2.8 Children's exposure to second-hand smoke, 2012 to 2016
Table 2.9 Children's exposure to second-hand smoke, 2016, by area deprivation and sex

Chapter 3: Physical Activity
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Policy background
3.2.1 Reporting on physical activity in the Scottish Health survey
3.3 Methods and definitions
3.3.1 Adult physical activity questionnaire
3.3.2 Adherence to adult physical activity guidelines
3.3.3 Child physical activity questionnaire
3.3.4.Adherence to child physical activity guidelines
3.4 Adult physical activity levels
3.4.1 Summary activity levels since 2012
3.4.2 Summary adult physical activity levels, 2016, by age and sex
3.4.3 Summary adult physical activity levels, 2016, by area deprivation and sex
3.4.4 Adult sport participation in 2016, by age and sex
3.5 Child physical activity levels
3.5.1 Proportion of children meeting physical activity guideline since 1998
3.5.2 Physical activity levels in children in 2016, by age and sex
3.5.3 Physical activity levels in children, 2016, by area deprivation and sex
3.5.4 Percentage of children participating in sport, 1998 to 201687

Table 3.1 Adult summary activity levels, 2012 to 2016
Table 3.2 Adult summary activity levels, 2016, by age and sex
Table 3.3 Adult summary activity levels (age-standardised), 2016, by area deprivation and sex
Table 3.4 Adult sport participation, 2016, by age and sex
Table 3.5 Proportion of children meeting physical activity guideline over an average week, (including and excluding activity at school), 1998 to 2016
Table 3.6 Proportion of children meeting physical activity guideline over an average week, (including and excluding activity at school), 2016, by age and sex
Table 3.7 Proportion of children meeting physical activity guideline over an average week, (including and excluding activity at school), 2016, by area deprivation and sex
Table 3.8 Percentage of children participating in sport, 1998 to 2016

Chapter 4: Diet
4.1 Introduction
4.1.1 Policy background
4.1.2 Reporting on diet in the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS)
4.2 Methods and definitions
4.2.1 Measuring fruit and vegetable consumption
4.3 Fruit and vegetable consumption
4.3.1 Trends in adult fruit and vegetable consumption since 2003
4.3.2 Adult fruit and vegetable consumption in 2016, by age and sex
4.3.3 Trends in child fruit and vegetable consumption since 2003, 2008
4.3.4 Child fruit and vegetable consumption, by age and sex for 2015/2016 combined
4.4 Consumption of other foods in adults, 2008-2016
4.4.1 Meat and fish
4.4.2 Milk
4.4.3 Foods rich in starch and fibre
4.4.4 Foods and drinks high in fat and / or sugar
4.5 Consumption of other foods in children
4.5.1 Meat and fish
4.5.2 Milk
4.5.3 Foods rich in starch and fibre
4.5.4 Foods and drinks high in fat and / or sugar

Table 4.1 Adult fruit and vegetable consumption, 2003 to 2016
Table 4.2 Adult fruit and vegetable consumption, 2016, by age and sex
Table 4.3 Child fruit and vegetable consumption, 2003 to 2016
Table 4.4 Child fruit and vegetable consumption, 2016, by age and sex
Table 4.5 Summary of adult eating habits, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014 and 2016
Table 4.6 Summary of child eating habits, 2015/2016 combined

Chapter 5: Obesity
5.1 Introduction
5.1.1 Policy background
5.1.2 Reporting on obesity in the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS)
5.1.3 Comparability with other UK statistics
5.2 Methods and definitions
5.2.1 Methods
5.2.2 Definitions
5.3 Adult overweight and obesity prevalence
5.3.1 Trends in overweight including obesity prevalence since 2003
5.3.2 Trends in obesity prevalence since 2003
5.3.3 Trends in mean adult BMI since 2003
5.3.4 Adult BMI in 2016, by age and sex
5.3.5 Adult BMI in 2016, by area deprivation
5.3.6 Adult BMI by consumption of foods and drinks high in sugar and/or fat for 2014-2016 combined
5.4 Child overweight and obesity prevalence
5.4.1 Trends in child healthy weight, overweight and obesity prevalence since 1998
5.4.2 Child BMI categories by area deprivation for 2015/2016 combined

Table 5.1 Mean adult BMI, prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2003 to 2016
Table 5.2 Adult BMI, 2016, by age and sex
Table 5.3 Adult BMI (age-standardised), 2016, by area deprivation and sex
Table 5.4 Adult BMI, 2014/2016 combined, by consumption of foods and drinks high in sugar and/or fat
Table 5.5 Proportion of children with BMI within the healthy range, at risk of overweight and at risk of obesity, 1998 to 2016
Table 5.6 Children's BMI, 2015/2016 combined, by area deprivation and sex

Chapter 6: Multiple Risks
6.1 Introduction
6.1.1 Policy background
6.1.2 Reporting on multiple risks in the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS)
6.1.3 Methods and definitions
6.2 Number of risks by age and sex for 2013-2016 combined
6.3 Prevalence of risk types by age and sex for 2013-2016 combined
6.4 Prevalence of long-term conditions in 2016, by multiple risks
6.5 Multiple Risks in 2016, by area deprivation

Table 6.1 Number of multiple risks, 2013-2016 combined, by age and sex
Table 6.2 Risk combinations, 2013-2016 combined, by age and sex
Table 6.3 Prevalence of long-term conditions in adults (age-standardised), 2016, by multiple risks and sex
Table 6.4 Prevalence of multiple risks (age-standardised), 2016, by area deprivation and sex

Chapter 7: General Health and Caring
7.1 Introduction
7.1.1 Policy background
7.1.2 Reporting on general health, long-term conditions and caring in the Scottish Health Survey
7.2 Methods and definitions
7.2.1 Self-assessed general health
7.2.2 Long-term conditions
7.2.3 Caring
7.3 Self-assessed general health
7.3.1 Self-assessed general health among adults in 2016, by age and sex
7.3.2 Self-assessed general health among children in 2015/2016 combined, by age and sex
7.4 Long-term conditions
7.4.1 Prevalence of long-term conditions in 2016, by age and sex
7.5 Provision of unpaid care
7.5.1 Unpaid caring prevalence in 2016, by age and sex
7.5.2 Unpaid caring prevalence in 2016, by area deprivation and sex
7.5.3 Unpaid caring prevalence in 2016, by employment status and sex
7.5.4Hours spent caring in 2015/2016 combined, by age and sex

Table 7.1 Adult self-assessed general health, 2016, by age and sex
Table 7.2 Child self-assessed general health, 2015/2016 combined, by age and sex
Table 7.3 Prevalence of long-term conditions in adults and children, 2016, by age and sex
Table 7.4 Caring prevalence, 2016, by age and sex
Table 7.5 Caring prevalence (age-standardised), 2016, by area deprivation and sex
Table 7.6 Caring prevalence (age-standardised), 2016, by employment status and sex
Table 7.7 Hours spent each week providing help or unpaid care, 2013-2016 combined, by age and sex

Chapter 8: Mental Health and Wellbeing
8.1 Introduction
8.1.1 Policy background
8.1.2 Reporting on mental wellbeing in the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS)
8.2 Methods and definitions
8.2.1 Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS)
8.2.2 General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ 12)
8.2.3 Life satisfaction
8.3 Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS)
8.3.1 Trends in adult WEMWBS mean scores since 2008
8.3.2 Adult WEMWBS mean scores in 2016, by age and sex
8.3.3 WEMWBS mean scores in 2016, by area deprivation and sex
8.4 General Health Questionnaire 12
8.4.1Trends in GHQ-12 scores since 2003
8.4.2 GHQ-12 scores in 2016, by age and sex
8.4.3 GHQ-12 scores (age standardised), 2013-2016 combined, by alcohol consumption and sex
8.5 Life satisfaction scores
8.5.1 Life satisfaction scores in 2016, by age and sex
8.5.2 Life satisfaction scores in 2016, by area deprivation and sex

Table 8.1 Adult WEMWBS mean scores, 2008 to 2016
Table 8.2 Adult WEMWBS mean scores, 2016, by age and sex
Table 8.3 WEMWBS mean scores (age-standardised), 2016, by area deprivation and sex
Table 8.4 GHQ12 scores, 2003 to 2016
Table 8.5 GHQ12 scores, 2016, by age and sex
Table 8.6 GHQ12 scores (age-standardised), 2013-2016 combined, by alcohol consumption and sex
Table 8.7 Life satisfaction mean scores, 2016, by age and sex
Table 8.8 Life satisfaction mean scores (age-standardised), 2016, by area deprivation and sex

Chapter 9: Cardiovascular Conditions and Diabetes
9.1 Introduction
9.1.1 Policy background
9.1.2 Reporting on CVD conditions and diabetes in the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS)
9.2 Methods and definitions
9.2.1 Methods
9.2.2 Definitions
9.3 Cardiovascular conditions and diabetes
9.3.1 Trends in any CVD, diabetes, any CVD or diabetes, IHD, stroke, and IHD or stroke prevalence since 2003
9.3.2 Any CVD, doctor-diagnosed diabetes, any CVD or diabetes, IHD, stroke, IHD or stroke, 2016, by age and sex
9.3.3 Any CVD, doctor-diagnosed diabetes, any CVD or diabetes, IHD, stroke, IHD or stroke (age-standardised), 2016, by deprivation and sex
9.3.4Any CVD, doctor-diagnosed diabetes, any CVD or diabetes, IHD, stroke, IHD or stroke (age-standardised), 2013-2016 combined, by alcohol consumption and sex
9.3.5Any CVD, doctor-diagnosed diabetes, any CVD or diabetes, IHD, stroke, IHD or stroke (age-standardised), 2016, by smoking status and sex
9.3.6Any CVD, doctor-diagnosed diabetes, any CVD or diabetes, IHD, stroke, IHD or stroke (age-standardised), 2016, by BMI and sex

Table 9.1 Any CVD, doctor-diagnosed diabetes, any CVD or diabetes, IHD, stroke, IHD or stroke, 2003 to 2016
Table 9.2 Any CVD, doctor-diagnosed diabetes, any CVD or diabetes, IHD, stroke, IHD or stroke, 2016, by age and sex
Table 9.3 Any CVD, doctor-diagnosed diabetes, any CVD or diabetes, IHD, stroke, IHD or stroke (age-standardised), 2016, by area deprivation and sex
Table 9.4 Any CVD, doctor-diagnosed diabetes, any CVD or diabetes, IHD, stroke, IHD or stroke (age-standardised), 2013-2016 combined, by alcohol consumption and sex
Table 9.5 Any CVD, doctor-diagnosed diabetes, any CVD or diabetes, IHD, stroke, IHD or stroke (age-standardised), 2016, by smoking status and sex
Table 9.6 Any CVD, doctor-diagnosed diabetes, any CVD or diabetes, IHD, stroke, IHD or stroke (age-standardised), 2016, by overweight and obesity and sex

Chapter 10: Respiratory Health
10.1 Introduction
10.1.1 Policy background
10.1.2 Reporting on respiratory conditions and symptoms in the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS)
10.2 Methods
10.2.1 Asthma and COPD diagnoses
10.2.2 Respiratory symptoms
10.2.3 Treatment for COPD
10.3 Self-reported doctor-diagnosed asthma and self-reported wheezing
10.3.1 Trends in self-reported doctor-diagnosed asthma and wheezing prevalence in adults since 2003
10.3.2 Trends in self-reported doctor-diagnosed asthma and wheezing prevalence in children since 2003
10.3.3 Self-reported doctor-diagnosed asthma and wheezing prevalence in adults in 2016, by age and sex
10.3.4 Self-reported doctor-diagnosed asthma and wheezing prevalence in 2016, by area deprivation (age-standardised)
10.3.5 Self-reported doctor-diagnosed asthma and wheezing prevalence in 2016, by smoking status (age-standardised)
10.4 Doctor-diagnosed COPD
10.4.1 Trends in COPD prevalence in adults since 2008
10.4.2 COPD prevalence in 2016, by age and sex
10.4.3 COPD prevalence in 2016, by area deprivation
10.4.4 COPD prevalence in 2016, by smoking status
10.4.5 COPD treatment and advice in 2013-2016 combined

Table 10.1 Doctor-diagnosed asthma, wheezed in last 12 months, and ever wheezed, 2003 to 2016, by age and sex
Table 10.2 Doctor-diagnosed asthma, wheezed in last 12 months, and ever wheezed, 2016, by age and sex
Table 10.3 Doctor-diagnosed asthma, wheezed in last 12 months, and ever wheezed (age‑standardised), 2016, by area deprivation and sex
Table 10.4 Doctor-diagnosed asthma, wheezed in last 12 months, and ever wheezed (age‑standardised), 2016, by smoking status and sex
Table 10.5 Doctor-diagnosed COPD, 2008 to 2016
Table 10.6 Doctor-diagnosed COPD, 2016, by age and sex
Table 10.7 Doctor-diagnosed COPD (age-standardised), 2016, by area deprivation and sex
Table 10.8 Doctor-diagnosed COPD (age-standardised), 2016, by smoking status and sex
Table 10.9 COPD treatment and type of treatment, 2013-2016 combined, by age and sex

Appendix A: Glossary

A National Statistics Publication For Scotland