The Gender Pay gap describes the difference in average pay between men and women. The gender pay gap here is calculated as the difference between average hourly earnings (excluding overtime) of men and women as a proportion of average hourly earnings (excluding overtime) of men’s earnings.
The Gender Pay Gap exists for a number of complex and interrelated factors. The key barrier often cited is that women disproportionately take on caring responsibilities for family members which can lead to career disruption and may also affect decisions made over hours, sector and occupation.
However other factors, including the role of societal norms and discrimination, are also likely to explain some of the pay gap.
In June 2016 the Scottish Government published a report entitled ’New Perspectives on the Gender Pay Gap’ which laid out what we know about the reasons for the gender pay gap. This bulletin updates some of this analysis with 2016 data and looks in more detail at some of the longer term trends in Scotland.