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Scotland’s Place in Europe

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Footnotes

1. http://www.scottishconservatives.com/2012/03/theresa-may-scottish-conservative-party-conference/

2. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/prime-minister-to-set-out-her-vision-at-joint-ministerial-committee

3. http://news.gov.scot/news/brexit-research-shows-economic-risk-to-scotland

4. http://parliamentlive.tv/Event/Index/654d5671-e4a2-4f7d-85aa-76fd2cd6df80

5. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201617/ldselect/ldeucom/72/7202.htm

6. The Centre for Economic Policy Research estimated these additional compliance costs to be between 4% and 15% of the cost of goods sold. CEPR (2013) “Trade and Investment: Balance of Competence Review, Project Report”, p58 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/271784/bis-14-512-trade-and-investment-balance-of-competence-review-project-report.pdf

7. See IFS (2016) The European Single Market: The Value of Membership versus Access to the UK.

8. http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_SPEECH-16-2428_en.htm where Dombrovskis says “Access to the Single Market would require the UK to accept all four freedoms: goods, services, capital and labour. There can be no cherry-picking.”

9. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201617/ldselect/ldeucom/72/7202.htm

10. NIESR - Assessing the Impact of Trade Agreements http://www.niesr.ac.uk/publications/assessing-impact-trade-agreements-trade#.WFKAYVJDRaQ

11. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-38324146

12. Source: Scottish Government Quarterly National Accounts Scotland,, ONS Quarterlry National Accounts, Eurostat

13. http://news.scotland.gov.uk/News/Brexit-research-shows-economic-risk-to-Scotland-2940.aspx

14. http://news.scotland.gov.uk/News/Brexit-research-shows-economic-risk-to-Scotland-2940.aspx

15. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2016/12/6610

16. https://www.sbs.strath.ac.uk/economics/fraser/20161006/Long-term-Economic-Implications-of-Brexit.pdf

17. Export Statistics Scotland 2014

18. http://www.cebr.com/reports/british-jobs-and-the-single-market/

19. For a more detailed discussion of these issues and references please refer to “Scotland’s Trade and Investment Strategy: Economic Evidence” http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0048/00484659.pdf

20. http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/countries/norway/

21. See Pg 3 of http://cep.lse.ac.uk/pubs/download/brexit03.pdf for further analysis

22. http://www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/2016-UK-Attractiveness-Survey/$FILE/EY-UK-Attractiveness-Survey-2016.pdf

23. http://www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/2016-UK-Attractiveness-Survey/$FILE/EY-UK-Attractiveness-Survey-2016.pdf

24. http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/Corporate/BISPDF

25. https://home.kpmg.com/uk/en/home/media/press-releases/2016/09/post-brexit-ceos-buzzing-with-confidence.html

26. https://www.ft.com/content/98dd4eb4-729f-11e6-bf48-b372cdb1043a

27. http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0049/00493251.pdf

28. See for example IFS “The European Single Market” https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/8411

29. http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/policies/digital-single-market-strategy/

30. http://ec.europa.eu/growth/single-market/services/economic-analysis_en

31. http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0049/00498541.pdf

32. HESA staff returns 2014-15.

33. Annual Population Survey 2015

34. HM Revenue and Customs (2016) Statistics on recently arrived non-UK EEA nationals subject to income tax and National Insurance contributions or receiving HMRC administered benefits, May 2016. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/522811/HMRC-Ad_Hoc_Stats_Release-EEA_Nationals_net_contribution_2013-2014.pdf.

35. http://www.fao.org/3/a-a0431e.pdf

36. Source : Annual Populations Survey, 2015: Information is not shown for Agriculture and Fishing, Energy and Water as these do not meet reliability criterion.

37. https://beta.gov.scot/policies/tourism-and-events/

38. The food and drink growth sector comprises agriculture, fishing, aquaculture, food and drink manufacturing.

39. The number of non-UK EU Nationals employed in the food and drink growth sector is estimated from the Annual Population Survey 2015, ONS. As the Annual Population Survey is based on a survey of private households in the UK, seasonal workers are unlikely to be captured. The industry sector of employment is self-reported in this source. Non‑UK seasonal migrant workers are estimated from the Annual Census of Scottish Agriculture, a separate SG statistical source.

40. Annual Population Survey, ONS, 2015

41. Evidence to the European and External Relations Committee, General Medical Council, August 2016,
http://www.parliament.scot/S5_European/General%20Documents/General_Medical_Council.pdf.

42. EU nationals living in Scotland, SPICE Information Centre based on ONS data

43. Population Projections Scotland (2014-based) (published October 2015). National Records of Scotland. https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/population/population-projections/population-projections-scotland/2014-based

44. Figure from national population projections published in October 2015. The population is projected to grow by 167,000 from 2014-2024. Of this increase 150,000 (90%) is projected to come from net migration. The other 17,000 (10%) is projected to come from natural change (births minus deaths).

45. http://www.glasgow.gov.uk/CHttpHandler.ashx?id=35550&p=0

46. But there are also rights to equal treatment in to the context of financial support for studies.

47. As evidenced in the House of Commons Energy & Climate Change Committee report of October 2015, which argued that the UK should “avoid a rushed decision on the Internal Energy Market. Participation is highly valued by UK stakeholders, and it is important to ensure that the energy sector has a voice in future changes to rules and regulations that may affect it after the UK has formally left the EU” http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201617/cmselect/cmenergy/705/70502.htm?utm_source=705&utm_medium=fullbullet&utm_campaign=modulereports

48. World University Rankings 2016-17 (2016). Times Higher Education. https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2016/world-ranking#!/page/0/length/25/sort_by/rank/sort_order/asc.

49. EU Research Projects under Horizon 2020 (2016). European Union Open Data Portal. https://data.europa.eu/euodp/en/data/dataset/cordisH2020projects.

50. HE Finance Plus 2014-15 (2016). Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA). https://www.hesa.ac.uk/data-and-analysis/publications/financeplus-2014-15; Research Excellence Grant - Indicative Research Allocations (2015). Scottish Funding Council. http://www.sfc.ac.uk/communications/Announcements/2015/SFCAN062015.aspx

51. See p14 https://www.ifs.org.uk/uploads/publications/comms/r116.pdf

52. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/theresa-may-hard-brexit-soft-article-free-movement-deal-single-market-access-a7341886.html

53. https://www.theguardian.com/business/2016/nov/23/nissan-in-uk-treasury-refuses-to-tell-obr-if-cost-attached

54. https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/strengthening-uk-ireland-relations-ahead-of-eu-exit-negotiations

55. http://www.efta.int/eea/decision-shaping

56. http://www.efta.int/sites/default/files/documents/legal-texts/efta-convention/Vaduz%20Convention%20Agreement.pdf

57. http://icelandmonitor.mbl.is/news/politics_and_society/2016/08/23/iceland_supports_faroese_application_to_join_efta/

58. Liechtenstein https://www.ceps.eu/system/files/EEA%20Review_Liechtenstein%20Final.pdf p21

59. Regional Visas - A Unique Immigration Solution, PWC for City of London Corporation

60. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-37271420

61. The constitutional requirements for establishing a devolved parliament in a constituent part of a larger EU member state were considered at length during the passage of the Scotland Act 1998: see Second Reading debate, House of Commons, January 1998: http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1998/jan/12/scotland-bill

62. The First Minister of Wales has stated that “…withdrawal from the EU is a massive constitutional shift for the UK and it has equally far-reaching implications for the devolution settlement. The relationship between devolved administrations and the UK Government must now be placed onto an entirely different footing. http://gov.wales/about/cabinet/cabinetstatements/2016-new/eureferendum/?lang=en

63. See Claim of Right for Scotland, House of Commons Library briefing, September 2016. (http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CDP-2016-0158/CDP-2016-0158.pdf) and http://www.parliament.scot/parliamentarybusiness/report.aspx?r=7560&mode=html#iob_69051

64. [See, for example, Gordon Brown’s call for a “constitutional breakthrough” in light of Brexit (www.heraldscotland.com/news/14710785.Brown_backs_effective_Scottish_Home_Rule__saying_Brexit_vote_calls_for_new_constitutional_settlement/); former Labour Foreign Secretary David Owen’s proposals for a Federal UK Council (www.lorddavidowen.co.uk/lord-owen-sets-out-proposals-for-a-federal-uk-council/), the Westminster cross-party Constitutional Reform Group’s Act of Union Bill, which proposes a federal UK settlement (http://www.constitutionreformgroup.co.uk/publications/), and comments by the Scottish Labour party http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-38223719.

65. Devolution Guidance Note 10: post-devolution primary legislation affecting Scotland (www.gov.scot/Resource/Doc/37349/0066833.pdf).

66. The First Minister of Wales made the same point in a statement on 1 November 2016: “We will resist any attempt -any attempt - by the UK Government to claw back powers to itself”. (https://yoursenedd.wales/debates/2016-11-01-2-statement-eu-transition)

67. Devolution Guidance Note 10: post-devolution primary legislation affecting Scotland (www.gov.scot/Resource/Doc/37349/0066833.pdf).

68. More Powers for the Scottish Parliament, published by the Scottish Government in October 2014 (www.gov.scot/Resource/0046/00460563.pdf), set out a comprehensive set of proposals for maximum self-government for Scotland within the UK.