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Economic Report on Scottish Agriculture, 2016

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Table C2 Crops, grass and rough grazings for each United Kingdom country, June 2015

  Scotland England Wales Northern Ireland United Kingdom
Number of holdings(1) 52,303 102,893 35,253 24,907 215,356
Crops, fallow and set-aside: hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares
Wheat 109,562 1,692,939 21,835 7,976 1,832,312
Triticale 626 7,911 : 57 :
Barley: Winter 51,808 375,812 6,926 7,021 441,567
Spring 255,878 372,652 15,136 15,687 659,353
Total 307,686 748,464 22,062 22,708 1,100,920
Oats (including mixed grain)(2) 25,690 123,954 5,866 2,076 157,586
Rape for oilseed (including flax(3) and linseed) 35,948 625,970 4,812 608 667,338
Potatoes 25,764 96,319 2,846 3,593 128,522
Peas for combining 1,470 42,069 : : :
Beans for combining(4) 4,045 164,829 849 : :
Maize 1,396 173,477 10,492 1,514 186,880
Turnips, swedes and beet for stockfeeding 4,446 : : 545 :
Other crops for stockfeeding(5) 12,001 42,638 15,064 3,980 :
Vegetables for human consumption 16,672 104,410 449 1,369 122,899
Orchard and soft fruit 1,919 34,166 758 1,516 38,360
Bulbs, other flowers and nursery stock 946 11,266 363 178 12,753
All other crops(6) 11,416 115,458 2,570 1,221 130,664
Fallow land 33,110 178,809 1,040 864 213,823
Total crops and fallow 592,698 4,162,679 89,006 48,204 4,892,616
Grass:
Under 5 years 212,964 646,345 157,501 149,932 1,166,741
5 years and over 1,127,964 3,231,230 1,068,814 650,414 6,078,422
Total grass 1,340,928 3,877,575 1,226,315 800,346 7,245,164
Total crops, fallow and grass 1,933,625 8,040,254 1,315,321 848,550 12,137,750
Rough grazing:
Sole right grazing 2,949,100 463,773 257,264 131,143 3,801,280
Common grazing(7) 584,247 398,947 180,305 35,486 1,198,985
Total rough grazing 3,533,347 862,720 438,569 166,629 5,001,265
Total crops, fallow, grass and rough grazing (UAA)(8) 5,466,972 8,902,974 1,753,890 1,015,178 17,139,015
Woodland 524,026 347,555 77,961 11,065 960,607
Other land 169,669 140,243 11,998 6,991 328,900
Total agricultural area 6,160,667 9,390,772 1,843,849 1,033,234 18,428,522
% land LFA(9) 84% 16% 80% 69% 47%
Total land area(10) 7,791,035 13,045,943 2,073,616 1,431,525 24,342,119
% land agricultural 79% 72% 89% 72% 76%

(1) Refers only to holdings actively engaged in agriculture but excludes sheep stock clubs and landless cattle keepers in Scotland and non-commercial holdings in England. The number of holdings in Wales refers to 2014 data.

(2) Includes rye for England and Wales and triticale for Wales.

(3) Flax not collected for Scotland. Figure for Scotland includes linseed.

(4) Wales figure includes peas for combining.

(5) Includes lupins. Wales figure included turnips, swede and beet for stock feeding.

(6) Inclusion of common grazing land brings total agricultural area in Scotland and in Northern Ireland to a higher level than that published in the June agricultural census publication.

(7) Utilised agricultural area (UAA) excludes woodland and other land such as yards and derelict land etc.

(8) A holding is classified as LFA if 50% or more of its land is assessed as being disadvantaged or severely disadvantaged for subsidy purposes. Data for England relates to 2014.

(9) Data source: UK Standard Area Measurements (SAM), published by Office for National Statistics, December 2015.

: Information not available.