The Child Death Reviews Steering Group recommends a Scottish national child death reviews system should be established. Reviews should be conducted on the deaths of all live born children up to the date of their 18th birthday and for care leavers in receipt of aftercare or continuing care at the time of their death, up to the date of their 26th birthday.
Deaths of children and young people who die in Scotland and who are resident in Scotland should be reviewed. Arrangements should be put in place for a Scottish child dying outside Scotland, and for a child dying in Scotland who does not reside in Scotland.
Reviews should be conducted in a collaborative manner across all agencies and with a learning, "no-blame" approach. Reviews are to consider modifiable and preventable factors with the purpose of learning lessons to prevent avoidable deaths. Other processes, eg criminal investigations, significant case reviews, should take place prior to a child death review with the outcomes of these processes informing the child death review process.
Family engagement should be a central element of the process, if appropriate and desired by the family.