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Crab and Lobster Fisheries in Scotland: Results of Stock Assessments 2009-2012: Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 7 No 9

Crab and Lobster Fisheries in Scotland: Results of Stock Assessments 2009-2012: Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 7 No 9

Wednesday, March 23, 2016

ISBN: 9781786521538

This report presents summaries of historic and recent landings data and the results of stock assessments for brown crab, velvet crab and lobster, based on data collected between 2009 and 2012.

Executive Summary

Crabs and lobsters are important species for the Scottish fishing industry. Although the

total quantity landed is small relative to finfish landings, crab and lobster attain high prices.

In 2012 the combined crab and lobster species landings of 14,000 tonnes had a value at

first-sale of over £30M1 (Scottish Government, 2013). The fishery is long established and

was traditionally an inshore mixed species creel fishery, prosecuted by small vessels.

However, improved technology and the ability to store and transport live animals in the

1980s led to the development of an offshore fishery for brown crab. This, and the

development of new markets for both brown and velvet crab, has resulted in a substantial

increase in the Scottish landings of both species over the last thirty years.