The research found three key elements that can impact on disabled people’s housing pathways:
• Financial/economic status: whether or not people can afford to buy a home or adaptations.
• Property/Supply: availability of appropriate housing
• Household composition: whether or not people live with a partner, children, or parents.
Five factors that can lead to a positive housing experience and outcome for disabled people were identified as follows:
• Location: sense of community belonging; near family/friends; feeling safe; good local care services; access to services including public transport.
• Space: Accessibility; space for equipment and adaptations; garden for families with children.
• Participation: including choice in housing decisions; respect, dignity and being listened to and understood.
• Information: information on medical conditions; information on future implications for housing; information on housing options available; information provided early in the process.
• Social and emotional understanding: respecting social and emotional living needs; local community groups and respite services.
Finally we found four factors that can contribute to a negative housing experience for disabled people. These are:
• Logistical issues: application processes for social housing inaccessible for some; disconnected support services.
• Technical issues: adaptations not keeping up with continually changing needs; hospital discharges before suitable housing arranged.
• Attitudinal issues: being considered adequately housed; lack of understanding of issues people face.
• Financial issues: unable to afford adaptations/care/suitable home; welfare reform.